Instructables

Electronic Stethoscope

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An electronic stethoscope is an easy and fun listening device to make. It only requires some basic knowledge of electronics, and can be built with some basic easy to find parts. I have been having a great time using it to crack saf... I mean listen to my heartbeat. Yes! I have been having a great time listening to my inner workings.
 
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Step 1: Go get stuff

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You will need:

- 1-1/2" flat round cabinet knob
- LM386 Low Voltage Audio Power Amplifier (Model: LM386 | Catalog #: 276-1731)
- MPF102 Transistors (Model: MPF102 FET | Catalog #: 276-2062)
- 1K Ohm 1/4-Watt Carbon Film Resistor (Model: 271-1321 | Catalog #: 271-1321)
- 1M Ohm 1/4-Watt Carbon Film Resistor (Model: 271-1356 | Catalog #: 271-1356)
- 10 ohm 1/4W 5% Carbon Film Resistor (Model: 271-1301 | Catalog #: 271-1301)
- 4.7K Ohm 1/4-Watt Carbon Film Resistor (Model: 271-1330 | Catalog #: 271-1330)
- (x2) 0.047µF 50V 10% PC-Mount Capacitor (Model: 272-1068 | Catalog #: 272-1068)
- 220µF 35V 20% Radial-lead Electrolytic Capacitor (Model: 272-1029 | Catalog #: 272-1029)
- 100µF 35V 20% Radial-lead Electrolytic Capacitor (Model: 272-1028 | Catalog #: 272-1028)
- 0.1µF 50V Hi-Q Ceramic Disc Capacitor (Model: 272-135 | Catalog #: 272-135)
- Project Enclosure (3x2x1") (Model: 270-1801 | Catalog #: 270-1801)
- Multipurpose PC Board with 417 Holes (Model: 276-150 | Catalog #: 276-150)
- JVC® Gumy Earbuds (Model: HAF150B | Catalog #: 55042619)
- 10K-Ohm Linear-Taper Potentiometer (Model: 271-1715 | Catalog #: 271-1715)
- Hexagonal Control Knob (Model: 274-407 | Catalog #: 274-407)
- 1/8" Mono Panel-Mount Audio Jack (Model: 274-251 | Catalog #: 274-251)
- 6-Ft. Mono 1/8" Plug to Mono 1/8" Jack with Shielded Cable (Model: 42-2472 | Catalog #: 42-2472)
- Fully Insulated 9V Battery Snap Connectors (Model: 270-325 | Catalog #: 270-325)
- Enercell® Alkaline 9 Volt Battery (Model: 23-853 | Catalog #: 23-853)
- 90dB Piezo Pulse (Model: 273-066 | Catalog #: 273-066)

Step 2: Cut

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Using a sharp pair of scissors, trim your circuit board lengthwise so that only the center pads are left.

Note: You may want to use a dust mask while doing this, as circuit board dust is bad for you when inhaled. Cutting the board with scissors, greatly reduces, but does eliminate dust.

Step 3: Build

Build the circuit tightly and as close to one side of the board as possible.

For now, don't worry about including the power switch, audio jack, potentiometer or piezo. These will be handled later.

Step 4: Trim

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Once the bulk of your circuit has been built. Trim the board as small as possible in such a way that it won't interfere with the circuit itself, and remember to leave a few solder pads for the parts that you still need to connect.

Step 5: Mark and drill

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Flip your case on its side. Make two _ _ _ marks _ _ _

Drill these marks using a 1/4" drill bit.

Step 6: Mark and drill again

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On the two smallest sides of the case make centered marks.

Drill an 3/16" hole on the side closest to the other holes that you have just made.

Drill a 1/4" hole where the mark is on the opposite side of the case.

Step 7: Wires

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With the potentiometer knob facing towards you, solder a black wire to the left potentiometer pin.

Solder red wire to the other two pins.

Step 8: More wires

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Solder a red wire to the center toggle switch pin.

Solder the red wire from the 9V battery clip to either of the other pins.

Step 9: Some more wires

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Attach a single red wire to the two pins on the bottom of the audio jack.

Attach a black wire to the ground pin on the side.

Step 10: Install

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Install the potentiometer and toggle switch right next to each other inside the case.

Install the audio jack into the 1/4" hole on the opposite end of the case.

Step 11: Drill

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Drill and 1/8" hole near the edge of the cabinet handle.

Step 12: Mount

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For our purposes, the flat side of the cabinet handle will be considered the front.

Pass the red and black wires of the piezo through the hole you just drilled from front to back.

Epoxy the piezo to the cabinet handle such that the flat side of the piezo is facing out.

Be careful to leave a tiny bit of space between the cabinet handle and the solder points on the piezo (just in case the handle is conductive).

Step 13: Trim

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Take your audio cable and cut a 3 foot section of cable out of it.

Don't worry about preserving the ends. We just need the shielded cable.

Step 14: Expose

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Peel back the cable and twist together the shielding to form one single wire and expose the signal wire to form another.

Step 15: Attach

Solder the red wire from the piezo to the signal wire of the cable.

Solder the black wire to the cable's shielding.

Epoxy it all to the back of the cabinet handle in such a way that the solder joints won't make contact with either each other or the handle itself.

Step 16: Passing through

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Pass the other end of the audio cable through the remaining hole in the case.

Tie a single knot to prevent it from passing back through.

Strip back the cable and separate the wires as you did in Step 14.

Step 17: Solder it all up

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Complete the circuit as specified in the schematic.

Note that the audio cable's shielding goes to ground and that the center pin from the toggle switch goes to +9V.

The power switch goes between the red wire on the battery connector and the +9V in connection on the circuit board.

Step 18: Power

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Plug in your 9V battery and install it inside the case.

If all has been done right, it should fit snugly.

Step 19: Case closed

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Put the lid on the case and screw it shut.

Step 20: Knob

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Attach your knob to the potentiometer.

Step 21:

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Plug in your ear buds or headphones.

I used a pair of headphones and ear protection to make passive noise canceling headphones (jackhammer headphones).
leaneameilia5 months ago

I do not think the Piezo is sensitive enough, if i was to use a microphone will this improve my chances of repairing this problem. Could someone please respond to my questions?

leaneameilia5 months ago

We made the Electronic Stethoscope and it does not work, when we turn unit on i hear static and if i lightly tap the Piezo i hear the tapping but i dont hear any heart beat, not sure what to do???/

realinstaprom7 months ago
Got a new crossbow. Now only if somebody would get me a zombie...
apefeet7 months ago
It's my first time doing this stuff so I'm wondering if I can replace the MPF102 transistors because the shops near me don't have them
brancara9 months ago
How important is it to have a 90dB piezo pulse? How can I tell what type of Piezo pulse I have?
hello
I have seen the draft electronic stethoscope and my really liked but I need to know how to calculate the value of the resistance and capacity of the circuit
thank you kindly answer me
I hope to answer as soon as possible
jed64171 year ago
Where do you wire the battery in circuit board?
Where the 9V is and where the GND is. All points going into 9V go to the positive and all points going to GND go to the positive part of the battery.
Can someone lend me a schematic? It will a great help. Thanks!
pegawonder1 year ago
I am a novice interested in building one of these... Several of the parts are missing and I'm scared to order another piezo for example without understanding the impacts of different dB and electrical ratings. Any ideas anyone?
i.saralynn1 year ago
Could this plug in to speakers?
yungtiec2 years ago
How to wire the panel mount audio jack? Im still prototyping on breadboard and Im hopelessly stuck...
das0072 years ago
is there any equivalent of lm386. I do have lm380 can i use it.....?
I'm actually building this with LM358. It should work but make sure you use the correct pinouts.
mat19783 years ago
I'm so building this one :)
siafulinux3 years ago
Nicely done!
Polarize3 years ago
Great instructable :D nice video as well, although it would of been nice to see the stethoscope actually working :P