Tracing the energy Ins and Outs through a 1984 V-6 Camaro (Canadian model)
Step 1: Students of ME 150: Internal Combustion Engines
Identifying and tracing energy flows through many different engines.
Step 3: In's: Air Preheat
This car was manufactured in Canada and has a lot of preheat mechanisms. For example, this foil air-intake hose draws air from next to the exhaust manifold (one of the hottest regions in the engine, even on startup).
Step 6: IN's: Fuel: Choke
Step 7: IN's: Fuel: Accelerator Pump
Step 9: (Starter Motor)
The starter motor uses energy from the battery to turn the engine over at first, and get the whole thing going.
Step 11: OUT's: Work: accessories
Aside from being transmitted through the transmission to the wheels, rotating shaft energy is used to power the alternator, coolant pump, fan, and power steering pump.
Step 12: OUT's: Heat Transfer
Step 13: OUT's: Hot Exhaust
Step 14: OUT's: Emissions: EGR
Step 15: OUT's: Emissions: Blowby and PCV
Step 16: OUT's: Emissions: Fuel Tank
Step 17: OUT's: Power Brake Assist