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Maximize your reach while minimizing your fatigue. Who knows? Maybe the right ladder for you is already sold in stores. Some companies are making them at these helpful heights. Use the height chart to determine which ladder is best for you.  This is especially important for people who are 5'3" to 5'8", and who are quite a bit over 6 feet.


Step 1: Height Chart to Make Your Ladder... or Find One in the Store

In order to achieve the ideal ladder height, you need to have your head almost touching the ceiling.  That way, you never have to tip your head or scrunch up your body to avoid the ceiling, nor do you need to reach any higher than necessary.

The problem with most ladders is that they accommodate people who are just under the 6-foot range in height because the ladder rungs are spaced 12" apart.  Those of us who fall in the 5'3" to 5'9" (MOSTLY WOMEN) are miserable with that height.

The way to calculate how much ladder height we need to put us up there at the ceiling is by using 2 numbers: the first is your personal height with shoes on, and the second is the height of the average room where you will be working.  In the States, most rooms are 8 feet which is 96 inches.  My height is 5'5" with shoes or 65".  Therefore the amount of ladder that I will need to reach that 8-foot ceiling with the top of my head is 96-65=31.  Then we knock off another inch to keep the popcorn ceiling texture from crumbling onto our hairstyle.  My ideal ladder height is 30".

Leaving an extra rung is the way to go.    You will be more secure when you are not standing on the very top platform of your ladder.  This chart indicates the height of the 3rd Rung, where you will be standing.

Ergonomic Ladder Chart:

Height:  5' 3"   3rd Rung: 32"  4-Step Ladder: 42 5/8"
Height:  5' 4"   3rd Rung: 31"  4-Step Ladder: 41 3/8'
Height:  5' 5"   3rd Rung: 30"  4-Step Ladder: 40"
Height:  5' 6"   3rd Rung 29"  4-Step Ladder: 38 5/8"
Height:  5' 7"   3rd Rung 28"  4-Step Ladder: 37 3/8"
Height:  5' 8"   3rd Rung: 27"  4-Step Ladder: 36"
Height:  5' 9"   3rd Rung 26"  4-Step Ladder: 34 5/8"
Height:  5' 10" 3rd Rung: 25"  4-Step Ladder: 33 3/8"
Height:  5' 11"  3rd Rung 24"  The standard height of most ladders includes a rung at 24"

Using a tape measure, or a marked piece of tape, determine the height of the ladder. Hold the measure straight up-and-down and don't swing it out to the legs. The ladder must be completely opened up.  Bring a level up to your measurement and mark the ladder legs. These marks should now be parallel with floor, and in line with each other.

Chop off the ladder legs at this line. For the moment, you are now in violation of OSHA regulations. Why?  Because the way we use steps is by feel, not by sight.  The rise must be consistent from one step to the next, or we will stumble and fall.  Ancient castles would sometimes put in a trick step that was off by a bit so that an intruder would stumble and make lots of noise, alerting everyone of his presence.  

Nevertheless, I have used an irregular-stepped ladder for many years with chopped-off legs and a step about 6" off the ground.  Not long ago, someone borrowed it from me and stumbled, so I retired it.

Step 2: Mark the New Location of the Rungs

Use the chart to calculate your ideal ladder height and divide by 4.  Good luck on the math there.  Metric anyone?

If you want to check my math, I used the ideal 3rd rung height and divided by 3 to get the rung spacing, then added the rung spacing to the 3rd rung height to get the overall height.  For example, my ideal rung is 30", which means 10" between rungs.  30" + 10"= 40"


Step 3: Move the Rungs

Old wooden ladders have a rod that supports the rungs.  Unscrew the nut that snugs up the rod and pull out the notched spacer.  You will probably need to use a pair of vise-grips to keep the rod from spinning as you loosen the nut.

Knock the legs away from the rungs, pull off the rungs, pull the nails.  Notice that the ladder rungs are all different sizes to accommodate the narrowing of the ladder as it goes towards the top platform.

Next, dry-fit the rung at its new location.  Make sure the rung is level, and use the rung as a template to mark the leg along the bottom and top.

Set your power saw at a depth of 1/8" and make multiple cuts, notching the woods.  These are called, "kerfs."  Chisel out the material left between your kerfs.  This will leave a big notch for your rung.  If you have ever cut out a depression into a door for a hinge, this will seem familiar. If you don't have power saw, you can use a chisel. Use a hammer to chisel the outline, then make a series of cuts with the hammer and chisel perpendicular to the grain. Then chip away the wood between your hammered notches. Here's a 4 minute video:

http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xixm7n_how-to-use-wood-chisels_lifestyle

Simply screwing or nailing your rung to the ladder legs won't work.  The twisting action of your foot on the rung converts a screw into an axle and the rung will spin... like it did for my tree house ladder when I was 10.  My Dad taught me the axle analogy. Pretty cool, Dad.

Drill new holes for your rods and put them back in, as well as their spacers.  Spacers go in first, then tighten the nut.

If the new notches are anywhere near your old notches, then putty up the old ones with Wood Filler, or Rock Hard Water Putty, or Bondo auto body putty.  It will strengthen your new notch.  (In hindsight, I wish I had done the putty after the project was assembled, or waited until everything was dried and sanded.  I kept squashing it.)

I didn't mess with wimpy little finish nails to fasten my rungs even though that's what the factory used originally.  I used 1 1/2" self-drilling finish screws to provide additional security without splitting the wood.  No such screws at home? PRE-DRILL!

Set your new ladder on a level floor.  If it rocks or teeters, use a level on the top platform and figure out which leg is too long and trim it a tad.  Remember, you can always take off a little more if you didn't cut enough.


Step 4: Supplies and Materials

Wooden ladder 4'-6' in height.  Flea markets and garage sales always have beat-up, wiggly wooden ladders for sale cheap. Our ladder wouldn't DREAM of wiggling after we are done with it.
Power saw or wood saw
Hammer
Vise Grips
Screw Gun
Self drilling wood screws, 1 1/2" about the diameter of a drywall screw or smaller
Wrench suitable for your ladder's nut size
Sharp chisel
Wood filler
Level, 3' or longer
<p>I needed a step that was 27&quot; from the floor b/c I have neck issues, and I need to be able to paint ceiling trim without tilting my head up. So, I added 4&quot; of wood to the metal step ladder step that was 23&quot; from the floor. To do that, I cut 2 pieces of 2x4 and 1 piece of 1&quot; to fit inside the ladder leg channels on top of of the 23&quot; step. No screws or nails required I can slide the wood in or out, but it can't move once in place, and the ladder itself has not modified. It might not pass OSHA, but it beats a visit the Orthopedist and Physical Therapist. </p>
From a safety point of view --THIS IS DANGEROUS-your are IGNORING saftey standards.DANGEROUS.
From a safety point of view you should never ever stand on the top step/platform of any ladder as you will topple it. Better to make a larger platform type set-up to be honest.
I agree. I am finding that be true now that I'm using my 3 step ladder.
<strong>&nbsp;</strong><br> Conversely, there are also those tall people (mainly men) who would find that the standard spacing gives them the same problem. &nbsp;I don't use a ladder enough for it to be troublesome, but can see that a bit of adjustment could make a professional's life a bit easier.<br> <br> <sup>(There's always <a href="https://www.instructables.com/id/Manoeuvrable-Ladder/" rel="nofollow"><em>another way</em></a> #;&not;)</sup>
That's a good point, AndyGadget. Once a person's height gets away from 6' there's a comfort problem. Would the mid-range step spacing help you? My tall male co-workers hardly ever even use a ladder, so I haven't observed how this problem is addressed.
They are not sexist they are a standard unisex every rung is to the same height on almost all ladders. Guess your next project is to change the sexist doors in your house or the sexist steps or maby the sexist plumbing. Hope you have a good day
The standardized 12&quot; spacing fits average men's height. Most painters and drywall installers are male, and the companies are surely just making what those buyers need. It makes it difficult for women to use these ladders. A few ladders need to made to fit the sizes of women and shorter men. Some companies are starting to do this.

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Bio: I am a bath installer by trade. I also enjoy gardening. I just celebrated my 19th wedding anniversary.
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