One of the best things about keeping bees is harvesting honey! How sweet! At least once in late summer several local backyard beekeepers get together in my garage to extract honey. We all help each other out and it is a fun time to share the fun of extracting wonderful sweet honey that our bees have created.
Step 1: Remove honey frames from hives
The first step is to take the frames of honey from the hives. The number of frames depends on many factors including strength of the colony, weather, and amount of nectar available to the bees. Be sure to wear protective gear when removing frames of honey from hives. The boxes filled with honey can be heavy so I remove them one frame at a time. I gently brush off the bees from the comb and place them in a cart that is wheeled to the garage.
Step 2: The equipment - garage set up
I've invested in a honey extractor from Dadant
. It can extract up to 4 frames at one time. Additional equipment includes a heated knife and capping scratcher for remove wax cappings on the frames. A tarp is taped to the floor to keep things clean... A five gallon bucket with strainer is ready for extracted honey.
Step 3: Uncapping the frames
Honeybees preserve the honey by capping it in wax cells. To extract the honey, the tops of the cells, or caps, need to be removed. Most frames have honey on both sides, so each side needs to be uncapped. The photos show uncapped frames stored in bin ready to be uncapped. Then uncapping with the hot knife. Next the cap scratcher is use to pick out any cells that have not been opened. The last photo is a uncapped frame ready to go into the extractor!