Introduction: Fix a Cruise Control Switch--Olds Alero (and Others)

I drive a 1999 Oldsmobile Alero. This model in all years and three other General Motors cars (Oldsmobile Cutlass, Chevrolet Malibu, and Pontiac Grand Am) share many things. My Alero is equipped with Cruise Control. The On/Off switch on these cars eventually stops working and there are numerous requests on the Internet for help with this problem. 

(The photo is from Bing Images. It does show a 1999 Alero, but mine is bronze in color rather than red.)

Step 1: The Steering Wheel With Controls

The Cruise Control can be made to work by holding the switch button down, but as soon as it is released, the Cruise Control shuts down, which means it does no good for anyone. See the yellow text box on the left.

The switches on both the left and right side of the steering wheel are parts of one harness and are not sold separately. Internet prices for this switch harness combination come to about $53 (plus shipping and handling). Having these switches replaced at a dealership shop cost about $200 around 2007. The rest of my car still works well, but I do not want to spend that much money on a Cruise Control switch set for a twelve year old car with more than 100,000 miles on the odometer. And, should we replace the car, it will be easier to sell if the Cruise Control switch works properly.

I live in the USA and our automobiles have the steering wheel on the left-hand side of the car. When I use the phrase "driver's side" it means left side of the car. If I use the phrase "passenger side" it means the right side of the car. I realize that is not the scheme used in some other parts of the world.


Step 2: What Some Do

The photo shows the On/Off switch with the button depressed. Notice that an LED indicates when the Cruise Control is "on." See the yellow text box. It outlines the crack between the switch and the surrounding body of the switch. This is where some people wedge a coin or a folded piece of paper to hold the switch button in the "in" or "on" position. While this works, it is a cumbersome and unsafe distraction when driving in traffic at highway speeds. But, the other normal functions of the Cruise Control do still work. So, the Cancel, Set, and Resume functions could be used to operate the Cruise Control while actually driving. 

Step 3: Help From a Manual

For several years I have been using a Haynes manual for the car I drive at the time. I checked the manual to learn how to access the Cruise Control switches. What I also learned is that I need to disarm the collision air bag on the driver's side before beginning, lest it deploy while I am working on the steering wheel. What I need to know is in two different sections of the manual. One deals with neutralizing the air bag and the other with getting into the steering wheel.

Notice also the list of models covered by this manual. I bought this manual in the summer of 2000. There is a strong probability the same manual would cover most of these cars another couple of years into the future, perhaps all of them for even longer.  

It might seem impractical to do an Instructable on a problem pertaining to a 12 year old car, but there are still many, many of these cars in use.

Step 4: The Fuse Panel

The fuse panel for the driver's side air bag is behind a panel cover at the end of the instrument cluster. To access it and remove the panel cover you must open the front left car door. There really is no need to neutralize the passenger side air bag, but its fuse and connector are in the same location on the right side of the car.

Second photo--The 2nd photo shows the air bag fuse's location with the fuse removed. It also shows the yellow air bag connector and red-orange safety lock. Remove the safety lock and depress the lock on the connector. Wiggle and pull to begin separating the two parts of the yellow plastic connector. The larger part of the yellow connector is loosely fastened to the car. The short front part of the connector pulls out of the longer part of the connector.

Third photo--The two sections of the yellow connector have been separated.
 

Step 5: Loosen and Remove the Column's Cowl

The cowl around the steering column (first photo) must be at least partially removed to access the screws on the side of the steering wheel away from the driver. Unfortunately, the bottom half of the cowl does not seem to come off due to the steering wheel tilt adjust locking lever. See the yellow text boxes in the second photo. Three recessed holes under the bottom cowl hide TORX head screws. Use a T-20 driver. Pull the top half of the cowl off and set it aside.

See the third photo. The top half of the column cowl has been removed. There are two recessed T-27 TORX screws on the side of the steering wheel away from the driver (toward the front of the car). Access space is limited. The space between the steering wheel and the instrument cluster is too short to allow a T-27 screwdriver. I attached a TORX bit to a 1/4 inch socket drive and a short extension. But, I also needed to turn the steering wheel so each screw hole is positioned more advantageously. I placed a hydraulic floor jack under the frame of the car at the front and raised it enough to make turning the steering wheel much easier. Turn the steering wheel so the hole is at about the 11 o'clock position for one screw and at about the 1 o'clock position for the other.

Note: When it is time for reassembly, use tape to secure the T-27 TORX screws to the socket drive. If you do not do this, the screw can drop off of the driver and fall into the inside of the steering wheel. Sometimes these screws become stuck behind the wiring harnesses and air bag mounting brackets inside the steering wheel hub. Also, after the steering column cowl has snapped together it needs to snap into just the right position in order for the three holes in the bottom cowl to align with the tapped holes in metal above the bottom cowl. This was probably the most tedious part of the whole project. 

Step 6: Pull the Air Bag Assembly Away

After removing both screws from the side of the steering wheel opposite the driver (front side of the car), the air bag assembly pulls away from the rest of the steering wheel very freely. I opened the yellow plastic connector at the center of the air bag assembly, but did not see a way to disconnect it, so I left it intact. I believe the red wire is part of the horn circuit. The horn "buttons" are on the side of the air bag assembly facing the driver.

Second photo--My manual advises to carry the air bag assembly away for storage and place it on its back so the front side is upward. Because I could not make the wiring harness release, I chose to place the air bag assembly on top of the steering wheel column in front of the speedometer. This will simply have to be sufficient.

See the yellow text boxes for the location of the two mounting screws holding the On/Off switch in place. Its wiring harness simply pulls out of the side of the switch. I removed the switch in order to learn more about its cause for failure and to explore making it work again, which I was able to do. See steps 8 through 11 when you are ready. 

Step 7: The Easy Fix

The simple solution is to install a new switch that shunts or bypasses the original, non-functioning switch. The LED indicator will still work as before. See the yellow text boxes on the first photo. One text box shows a good location to drill a hole for mounting a nice toggle switch or a pushbutton switch. The other text box shows the wiring harness to the original switch. Leave the wiring harness in place so the two pins not connected with the switch, itself, are still part of the circuit. You may want to remove the fuse for the switch circuit. That fuse is 2 amps. and is located behind the fuse panel door that is visible at the end of the instrument panel when the right side front door of the car is open. The switch you use needs to be able to handle 2 amps. at 12 volts.

Tape all connections and assemble all of the parts removed. See the note on reassembly at step 5. Put the connector and the fuses back in place. Pump some hot glue under the original switch. Someone will surely push on it one day. You do not want to risk that it would somehow lock itself in the "on" position.

The second graphic shows a schematic for the shunt switch. Note the yellow text boxes for further explanation.

My manual advises keeping one's head and face out of the path of both airbags when starting the engine for the first time, just in case an air bag would activate. Wear ear protection, too. (When I finished this project I followed this advice, but there was no problem. The airbags did not deploy.)

But, if you wish to know what failed in the switch and contemplate refurbishing the broken switch so it works again, read the rest of the steps in this Instructable.

Step 8: Taking the Switch Case Apart

The next few steps are not necessary if you chose the quick fix in step 7. But, if you are curious about what fails in these switches, or want to attempt making the switch work again, see the remaining steps. 

See the yellow text boxes for how to pry the switch assembly apart.

Step 9: How the Switch Works

The switch works something like a retractable ball point pen. Press the button once and a paw catches on a tooth in the pen. Press it again and the paw twists to a new position that releases it and a spring causes the pen to retract. 

Notice the tiny three-arm paw in the foreground. That is what holds this switch in the "on" position. Notice the white center. It is actually clear and it is an axle that has broken off of the clear plastic block surrounding the white "T"-shaped piece in the very center of the switch assembly. See the yellow text boxes. This little axle is slightly less than 1mm in diameter. Plastic tends to become brittle with age, and it was only 1mm in diameter from the start. That little broken axle is the reason these switches fail.

I deiced to drill into the center of what is left of the axle and glue a new metal axle in the hole. The next step describes how to get the clear plastic block out of the switch assembly so the necessary work can be done to it.

Second photo--This view shows a close-up view of the white "T"-shaped piece encased in clear plastic from which the 1mm axle broke. It gives a clear picture of the two catch teeth for the three-arm paw wheel. See the yellow text boxes.

Third photo--The circuit board lifts away from the rest of the switch frame. This photo shows the soft rubber layer separated from the circuit board. The two outer wiring harness pins switch the circuit "on" and "off." Even in this photo you can follow the circuit traces for the switch. See the yellow text boxes, too. Additional circuit traces are on the other side of the circuit board. Circuit traces beyond those from the outside switch pins relate only to the LED on/off indicator. Note: My manual has a detailed circuit diagram for the Cruise Control system, including the failed On/Off switch. While the circuit board clearly shows one simple on/off contact, the manual's diagram shows three sets of two contacts that make or break in synchronized pairs. 

Step 10: Restore the Old Switch

It is extra effort, but I restored the 1mm axle for the three-arm paw. The original axle was only plastic. The replacement is steel from a wire brad that just happens to be small enough in diameter to pass through the hole in the three-arm paw.

First photo--Pinch the two black tabs together and slide the clear plastic block upward and off of the switch frame.

Second photo--I used a wire brad mounted in a hobbyists chuck for very small drill bits. I had to remove the head from the wire brad to fit it into the hobbyists chuck. I used the pointed end as the bit to do the cutting for the hole. Then I used the rear with a more blunt sharpened end (as a result of cutting the wire brad with a side cutter plier) to square off the hole.

Third photo--I cut the brad to its approximate finished length and glued it into the hole with epoxy glue. (The brad is shown here before it was cut and ground or filed to size.) There should be no burrs on the end of the axle. When all is ready, insert the clear plastic block back into the switch assembly.

Fourth photo--The fourth photo shows the three-arm paw installed on the new axle. Note the orientation of the notched ends of the paw arms. The paw will work only one way. Fortunately, you can test it to see if the paw rotates as the switch is activated. If the paw does not rotate, remove it, turn it over, and put it back onto the axle. Slide the switch assembly cover on and snap it back into place. There is a flat surface inside the assembly cover that keeps the three-arm paw on its axle. The length of the axle needs to be long enough, but not too long. It should not scrape on the flat area that keeps the paw on the axle.

Step 11: Check and Assemble

The two photos are side views of the assembled On/Off switch. Notice on the first photo that the switch On/Off button is depressed without adding pressure from a finger. Compare the second photo in which the button is released for the "off" position. My On/Off button stuck a little some of the time. I can make it work by pressing the switch once or twice more. The action of the switch is getting to be smoother as I use it more. 

As in step 7 (if you chose the easy fix), assemble everything you took apart. See also the note on assembly problems and precautions in step 5. Join the yellow connector halves from step 4 and apply the safety lock. Put the 10 amp. fuse back in place. Wear ear protection. Keep your head and body away from the air bags when you turn the key and start the car, just in case one chooses to deploy.

My Cruise Control works again without spending $53 or more for a new set of switches and also without spending $200 or more to have them replaced at a dealership garage. I feel a certain sense of accomplishment at having worked out a fix and having done the job without taking the easy way out mentioned in step 7. But, that is still an option and would cost around $3 plus the time to take everything apart again if the paw breaks or if I have some other problem.

Comments

author
gopherfan made it!(author)2016-05-26

I just figured out that if I drag the mouse over the outlined area, a text box shows up. Thanks for doing this. I pulled the cruise switch at a salvage yard for $6. Cheap and easy fix.

author
Phil+B made it!(author)2016-05-26

Thank you for your interest in my Instructable. I think the problem with those switches is a thin piece of plastic that becomes brittle with age. I used a wire brad because it is more reliable than the original plastic. But, notice that I showed how to by-pass the on/off switch on the left side of the steering wheel. You can mount a simple toggle switch almost anyplace. Had I done that, I would have chosen under the steering column.

author
Gatekpr2002 made it!(author)2016-09-12

Hi Phil, this was outstanding and so very helpful!!!! I did it in just about 45 minute, although I cheated and spent 55 bux on a new switch. If I could add one thing. I found it easier on my 2000 alero to screw the retaining bolts a couple of threads into the back of the air bag/horn then place the airbag into the slots and the collars slide right through the holes and locks into place a few twists of the socket wrench and Torx bit and it's locked down. Makes it easier then trying to tape boot on and find the hole through the back of steering wheel. Thanks again!!!

author
Phil+B made it!(author)2016-09-12

Thank you for your interest. I am glad it was helpful. And, thank you for the tip on putting it back together. I no longer have an Alero. Do you know if the switch you bought is new or new old stock? The little plastic pin ages and becomes more brittle. New old stock would be subject to age.

author
Gatekpr2002 made it!(author)2016-09-12

I believe it is newer then 2000. I'm sure it was sitting on shelf somewhere in a warehouse. Car has 190,000 miles on it so if it lasts me a few more years I will be happy.

author
gopherfan made it!(author)2016-05-26

In a few of the descriptions, you say,"see the yellow text box." I don't see a a yellow text box. Is that a go pro feature?

author
Phil+B made it!(author)2016-05-26

text boxes changed and now are white. Look for a small square in the corner of some pictures with a faint icon of a short pencil. Tap or click on those photos if you do not see a white box around parts inside the photos. Move your cursor over those boxes and a frame opens with words inside. I do not believe they are a pro only feature.

author
Phil+B made it!(author)2011-11-02

You are welcome. Thank you for looking. I hope you can use it. When I see another Alero on the road, I always wonder if their cruise control works. Then I smile because I enjoy using mine so much.

If you have not seen it, you may want to look at the Instructable I did on replacing the ignition switch. My instrument gauges began to act up and I first thought the problem was related to electrical resistance or the stepper motors and did another Instructable first that is linked in the one on replacing the ignition switch. If you drive an Alero, you might want to look at those. They could save you a lot of money.

author
EvanH2 made it!(author)2015-04-01

I have a 2004 Alero coupe, and I was curious as to what you mean by your gauges acting up?

author
Phil+B made it!(author)2015-04-01

The needles did not move from the resting position at "off" until I had driven half of a mile.

author
rimar2000 made it!(author)2011-06-06

Nice car! And excellent instructable.

author
Phil+B made it!(author)2011-06-06

Thank you. They look nice with red paint. For a couple of years I talked about having a red one. My wife said she would get mine painted red instead of bronze/tan. THEN, I noticed the red cars of this make were all driven by young teenage girls with bleached hair who talked on cell phones while they drive and do not always obey traffic laws. I immediately lost all interest in a red Oldsmobile Alero.

Because the car is so similar to a Pontiac Grand Am, General Motors decided to economize. They closed the entire Oldsmobile division. I now drive a car brand that is no longer available. Of all of the automobiles I have driven, this one has required fewer repairs than any other. Even with so many miles driven by it, the car is as good as it was when I bought it eleven years ago. I change the oil more often than the factory asks and I do all of my own repair work.

author
ussauto made it!(author)2012-03-01

Hello. I can't tell from the photos but do you know what color the wires are for the two outer pins? I was going to bypass taking the column/wheel apart and just trace the wires in the harness then connect them together or put switch in.
Thank you for any help you can give

author
Phil+B made it!(author)2012-03-01

I no longer have the car or the Haynes manual I bought for it, but have sold the car to a friend whose commuter car lost its transmission, and I gave him the manual with the car. It looks from the photo as if one of the outer wires might be a tan color and the other a mauve or light purple color, but I cannot say for certain. It really is not a time consuming or difficult job to remove the air bag section from the steering wheel and look. You could even trace the wires with a continuity tester, in case the manufacturer changed colors after the commutator that allows the current to flow even though the steering wheel turns. I am sorry I cannot give you more help. Thank you for looking. If you have one of these cars and the cruise control is not working, you will enjoy the fact you fixed it yourself with so little effort and expense. I hope all goes well for you.

author
Ashemha made it!(author)2011-06-08

Good detail, easy to follow. I like this kind of repair. Lots of intuition, a little initiative, and just a touch of manual reference. This information will be helpful for others with similar makes.

author
Phil+B made it!(author)2011-06-08

Thank you for looking and commenting. I would have been lost without the Haynes manual, but tried to give all necessary information in the Instructable so anyone without a manual can do just fine. I am hoping someone who needs this will find it and be able to fix his cruise control. I appreciated your Instructable on the turn signal problems you had with a similar car.

About This Instructable

54,666views

18favorites

License:

Bio: I miss the days when magazines like Popular Mechanics had all sorts of DIY projects for making and repairing just about everything. I am enjoying ... More »
More by Phil B:Forged Split Steel Cross Simply DoneImproving a Hand TruckWhittled Hooey Stick
Add instructable to: