Most people don't realize this, but your bike needs maintenance. Your axle bearings needs to be cleaned and repacked with grease every 500 miles (100 on a mountain bike).
This instructable shows how to repack your axle bearings and install a new freewheel body (if you need one).

Step 1: Remove the wheel from your bike.

If you don't know how to do this much already, this may be too big a job for you at this point.
<p>I've been using white, lithium, marine, grease and it seems to work nicely. It claims to be impervious to water. I wonder if such greases create any drag that thinner greases might not create. So far i'm happy with the white grease.</p>
<p>In step two the springs you are talking about, are they hard to re-assemble?</p>
The springs on the quick release skewer? No, they're not even slightly difficult to reassemble.
I use the new Bearing App for Android its called BearingCalc..You can get it on Google play. Its helps figure out bearings..Well worth the 2 bucks! <br> <br>https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.oko.okocalc&amp;feature=search_result#?t=W251bGwsMSwyLDEsImNvbS5va28ub2tvY2FsYyJd
Thanks for this wonderful instructable. This has really helped me a lot.
Hi Marsh, <br /> <br /> The instructions are great. I am wondering whether you can provide a list of recommended tools such as type of spanners and so on. <br /> <br /> Looking forward to hearing from you&acirc;€&brvbar;.. <br /> <br />Jorge <br />
This is hell of a great ible! I have to change the bearings on my rear wheel and didn't know where to start! Winter with the snow and salt is terrible on the mechanic! Thanks again for sharing ...
will white lithium grease is what I used on my bike is that ok?
white lithium grease if fine.<br />
it doesn't last too long though...
I just did this to both wheels on my old bike and it really makes a difference. The marine axle grease i bought was a strange turquoise color so I hope thats ok.
That would bring the confirmed death toll <a href="http://www.nikeheelssale.com/" title="Nike Heels">Nike Heels</a>from violence since the disputed election, in which Ouattara was the internationally recognized winner, to about 1,300.The actual toll is likely to be much higher.Responding to a call on state TV to &quot;take to the streets massively to defend the republic,&quot; many from Gbagbo's <a href="http://www.nikeheelssale.com/" title="Nike Dunk Heels">Nike Dunk Heels</a> youth wing, the Young <br><a href="http://www.nikeheelssale.com/nike-dunks-high-heels-c-1.html" title="Nike Dunk High Heels">Nike Dunk High Heels</a> Patriots, could be seen marching up the bridges or coming on boats cheering and chanting across the lagoon toward the presidential palace, and in other strategic areas.<br>But there seemed nothing like the tens of thousands that he has been able to muster in the <a href="http://www.nikeheelssale.com/" title="Nike High Heels">Nike High Heels</a> past to cause widespread mob violence and, though Gbagbo's camp has been handing out automatic weapons to them in recent days, many seemed armed with little more than machetes, sticks or tree branches.REBEL DIVISIONS?Forces supporting Ouattara, recognized as president by African nations and Western powers, marched into Abidjan on Thursday after a swift push south meeting with scant resistance.<br>But in sign divisions between different rebel factions might be compromising their fighting ability in Abidjan, <a href="http://www.nikeheelssale.com/" title="Nike High Heels">Dunk Heels</a> a rebel source said forces commanded by Ouattara's prime minister Guillaume Soro were failing to cooperate with the anti-Gbabgo insurgents who took over northern Abidjan a month ago. <br><a href="http://www.nikeheelssale.com/jordan-heels-boots-c-3.html" title="Jordan Heels">Jordan Heels</a><br><a href="http://www.nikeheelssale.com/jordan-heels-boots-c-3.html" title="Jordan Heels">Jordan Heels </a><br><a href="http://www.nikeheelssale.com/jordan-heels-boots-c-3.html" title="Jordan High Heels">Jordan High Heels</a>
Democrat Ronnie Musgrove served as <a href="http://www.nikeheelssale.com/" title="Nike Heels">Nike Heels</a> Mississippi governor before Barbour was elected in 2003. The Republican governor was re-elected in 2007. State finance records show Barbour billed taxpayers $7,020 to fly <a href="http://www.nikeheelssale.com/" title="Nike Dunk Heels">Nike Dunk Heels</a> himself, his wife, two aides and two security guards to Washington, where Barbour spoke before the Conservative Political Action Conference last month. The trip was part <a href="http://www.nikeheelssale.com/nike-dunks-high-heels-c-1.html" title="Nike Dunk High Heels">Nike Dunk High Heels</a> of a weekend of politicking that also included an appearance on Fox News Sunday. Time magazine first reported on its website that <a href="http://www.nikeheelssale.com/jordan-heels-boots-c-3.html" title="Jordan Heels">Jordan Heels</a> Barbour had billed taxpayers for the trip. The Associated Press obtained flight records Thursday that listed the purpose of the trip as &quot;meeting <a href="http://www.nikeheelssale.com/" title="Jordan Heels">Jordan Heels</a> with congressional members.&quot; The flight has created an image problem for Barbour because it clashes with the tough-minded fiscal conservative message the prospective <a href="http://www.nikeheelssale.com/nike-dunks-low-heels-c-2.html" title="Nike Dunk Low Heels">Nike Dunk Low Heels</a> presidential candidate has offered on the campaign trail. But Barbour said Friday he had state business in Washington, and his aides said that justified use of the Cessna Citation. &quot;
Libya's oppose unordered steps to form a <a href="http://www.shopgriffeyshoes.com/" title="Ken Griffey Jr Shoes"><strong>Ken Griffey Jr Shoes</strong></a> government in the east, because they and u.s.-led forces to protect their bundle for prolonged and expensive fight. Despite the <a href="http://www.shopgriffeyshoes.com/air-jordan-heels-c-9.html" title="Jordan High Heels"><strong>Jordan High Heels</strong></a> chaos and confusion between the rebels, who eventually run in international operation - joint air and missile efforts seem Gadhafi <a href="http://www.shopgriffeyshoes.com/nike-air-max-24-7-c-6.html" title="Nike Air Max 24 7"><strong>Nike Air Max 24 7</strong></a> debacle setback his opponent, at least for now. Plane crashed into a fuel depot alliance in tripoli, a senior <a href="http://www.shopgriffeyshoes.com/" title="Griffeys Shoes"><strong>Griffeys Shoes</strong></a> government official told reporters in late night news conference said. Kaim vice foreign minister denied Gadhafi at first, then the courtyard <a href="http://www.shopgriffeyshoes.com/nike-dunk-heels-c-11.html" title="Dunk Heels"><strong>Dunk Heels</strong></a> of the in tripoli bactracked were shot, said earlier that he has no information. Other goals and Misrata Benghazi Wednesday were <a href="http://www.shopgriffeyshoes.com/nike-air-yeezy-c-2.html" title="Air Yeezy"><strong>Air Yeezy</strong></a> nearby, he said. U.S. defense secretary <a href="http://www.shopgriffeyshoes.com/air-jordan-heels-c-9.html" title="Jordan Heels"><strong>Jordan Heels</strong></a> Robert. Gates acknowledged and no clear end the international military <a href="http://www.shopgriffeyshoes.com/nike-dunk-heels-c-11.html" title="Nike Heels"><strong>Nike Heels</strong></a> enforcement efforts, but in Liberia's President area barack Obama said it &quot;absolute&quot; will not lead to American land invasion.
I put grease fittings on my wheels a few years ago. I found it makes a huge difference, it keeps my bike roling smooth and quiet by keeping it properly lubricated. (Cell Phone Pic in Poor Lighting) But I'm sure you get the idea.
How did you do that?
Hi, <br>Sorry I didn't get back with you sooner but I have been on vacation and that included staying away from the computer. <br>It was really just a matter of pulling out the axle bolt, then I drilled a hole in the hub housing and threaded it with a tap for the grease fitting. <br>If there is a trick it's getting in between the spokes with the drill, depending on your wheel and your drill you might need to use a short drill bit or even a right angle drill made for tight spots. <br>Other than that it is pretty simple and it really does make a big difference. <br> <br>Thanks for asking
thanks for the info,how do you get grease into their? im guessing a syringe?
Those are zerk grease fittings like on a car, so you use a regular grease gun to pump the grease in.
&nbsp;Can you replace a six speed cog with a seven or eight speed cog?<br /> <br />
&nbsp;Probably not because a 6 speed is going to be a <strong>freewheel </strong>and a 7 or 8 speed is going to be a <strong>cassette</strong>. You can change the back wheel easily enough, the you'll have to change the derailer and shifter too.
How do i tell between the two?
By counting the number of cogs.
Great tortal you got here thanks a lot. You done great work on this one. One question: Is there a easy way to find the right casett for my bike? Need a new one but dont know how to find the right one, I guess they are not standar. There are 8 chains holders or what you call it.
just to note that newer bikes used sealed bearings (like skateboard wheels) so this might not make sense for your bike. <br />
wrong theres no such thing as sealed bearings for bikes theyre either like a real bearing with rubber seals which would be shielded or there would be a cone on the thread of the hub which are standard for many bikes now
&nbsp;This is only true for higher quality bikes which make up a <strong>very </strong>small percentage of what is out there (at this time).
<p>my rear wheel makes a really loud ticking noise when im pedalling and its really stiff</p>
&nbsp;The bearings are way too tight and you may have some broken ballsin there now.
can it still be ridden?<br />
&nbsp;Yes, but it will destroy the wheel as you ride. Did you follow thelubrication instructions? If so, try loosening the bearing cone nuts.Sounds such as you describe indicate a very bad situation, but if youcatch it soon enough, cleaning, adjustment and lube should take care of it.
could you decribe how to remove the nuts near the wheel not the forks in a bit more becuase i havent got the special tools to do it and i dont know how
Step 5 describes this. While not impossible, it is very difficult without the proper tools. The cassette removal tool is only about $7.00 at your local bike shop (if it's much more than that, find a different shop).
i dont need to remove the caseete becuase om greasing them on my front wheel i need to take the nuts off
All that is required for the front are thin wrenches. Once again, very inexpensive at your local bike shop. It occurs to me you may not be dealing with a Quick Release wheel.<br/>This instructable is kinda' short on pix, but may be of some help to you...<br/><a href="http://www.instructables.com/id/Properly-packadjust-bicycle-hub-bearings/">http://www.instructables.com/id/Properly-packadjust-bicycle-hub-bearings/</a><br/>
i managed with 2 adjustable wrenches ive got a draper bike toolkit how much do i tighten the rear gear stack thing?
no im dealing with my bmx
the only close-ups which aren't blured, or shot with a good light are at step 9. Yet, this kind of instructable could be really good, if good pics with the good content.
do you really need to do it every 100miles on a mountain bike ive had my bike for 4 years now and traveled inexess of 700 miles and never greased them once and today i eventually greased them and it turns out the old grease is still there so i filled the whole hub with grease
I ride mine a minimum of 20 miles a week and in as little as 50 miles I feel justified in repacking the grease. If I go 300, it's way overdue. You may have better seals and beyond that, sealed cartridge bearings eliminate the need to do anything at all.
well i took it apart today to have a look and its just a standard cone the bikes a appolo fs.26 its a pretty cheeap bike
Pictures 2-4....TOO FUNNY!
The situation demanded a comment.
greasy hands on the brake discs. ouch!
Ok, we've seen your admonition. What's your resolution? Mine is to clean the rotor (that's what that disc is called) off before putting the wheel back on, but I really want to hear your take on it.
oh yeah. rotors. the name slipped my mind yes, one should definitely clean the rotors if you get grease on it (i was hoping you'd mention that on your post.. :D constructive criticism) my take? don't get grease on it on the first place! clean your hands/avoid touching the rotors
is there any way to improvise with the cog holder? I am taking apart my old bike, and I want the gears and I dont really care if anything gets damaged in the process. I have the freewheel tool but I dont really want to spend money on this cog holder if there is a free way out of it
This procedure is for a cassette hub. If you have a freewheel, you don't need to hold the cogs.
oh, so I turn to the right not the left? and how far should I stick in the freewheel tool? thanks btw
Double Ott - I'm sure you already figured everything out, but since I didn't see your question get answered... If you have an older freewheel (like my Campagnolo Super Record hub and Regina freewheel), you get a splined freewheel removal tool (FR-4 for my Regina), and put it in the freewheel. Then put your skewer back in to hold it in place. Clamp the tool in the vice, wheel up, and the grab the wheel however you'll have good "tracktion" and rotate the whole wheel counter-clockwise. Only do less than one turn before you then remove the skewer, or you'll break the skewer! (blush for ancient history's sake, been a long time since I've made that mistake...) Clamp it again in the vice and continue to rotate the wheel and the freewheel will separate from the hub body where it's threaded. Mine's apart right now, maybe I'll shoot some pictures...

About This Instructable


130 favorites


Bio: Please subscribe and rate my stuff! Your comments really motivate me to make more and better instructables.
More by Marsh: Cookie Shot Glasses Build a Parallel Straightedge Drafting Table! Earth Auger
Add instructable to: