Introduction: Fixing a Minor Design Fault With the Dell Dimension 4300 - 5000 Series.

Picture of Fixing a Minor Design Fault With the Dell Dimension 4300 - 5000 Series.

So I'm poking around inside my dell dimension 5000, deciding what I should do as to ram upgrades, since the processor is fast as is and dells mobos aren't overclockable or that changeable.

I burnt my hand on the massive heat sink for the CPU and realized that the whole computer is really hot, after a quick and technical airflow test (sticking my hands in different places) I figured out that the single massive fan at the front isn't pushing enough air out the back vents, thankfully it's all pretty clean inside since the fan pulls in from the front vent that is six inches off the floor, rather than the usual floor level ones.

Step 1: Tools and Materials.

Picture of Tools and Materials.

You'll need:

One 10 or 12cm fan, I nicked one from an old power supply but if you want control over it get a smart fan, I have found that there isn't any appreciable noise difference and it's quieter during normal operation since the massive fan at the front isn't going at full speed.

A pair of wire clippers or a molex jack, I had to use wire clippers since I had no jacks around to fit the spare one.

Some tape or heat shrink for insulating wires...

Step 2: Opening Them Up.

Picture of Opening Them Up.

This is very easy, bring the computer out so there's space either side of it, now pull the handle on the back backwards, straight back, you'll encounter a bit of resistance at the last bit, pull it right back and the side of the case pops right off, dead simple.

Step 3: Adding Our Fan.

Picture of Adding Our Fan.

Now You'll be able to see a large black tunnel box with a giant heat sink in it, this is our problem area, however adding the fan on to the end of that would cause issue and possibly not solve the problem at hand, since there is a heat sink just behind it which is honestly too small for the chip it's on, combine this with the fact that it's in the shadow of the larger heat sink it gets little air flow.

Unless you actually have a need to remove the black air box you really shouldn't, the heatsink for the CPU is attached to this and you'd need to re-apply thermal compound to it after removal. For reference the box is removed by unscrewing the two starhead screws near the front of the box, it then hinges backward towards you and pops off.

The back grille is relatively clear and free of obstructions and is a good place for the fan, being the main exit for air we basically augment the original system without fundamentally changing the airflow characteristics.

If at this point you have a few fan clips that could be used to attach the fan to the grill I'd suggest using them.

If not then you'll be using the same quick and dirty method I did, done right it's completely secure and very flexible.

Before touching anything inside the case though we need to ground ourselves, I tend to touch the copper pipe on a nearby radiator and again on the frame of the case, to make sure I've been grounded completely.

Once safely grounded take your wire and tie a knot near one end, pull the rest through a hole in the fan and loop across and back through the next hole and through the grill, pulling it tight as you go, once you've come to the last corner needing secure by pulling it through the an and grill, put a loop in through the grill and tie a knot on to the grill.

Step 4: Wiring It Up...

Picture of Wiring It Up...

To wire the fan up we'll need a molex connector with nothing in it, thankfully there should be one dangling above the big heat sink we were looking at.

If you have a connector then job done.

If not you'll need to either extend the leads of the fan by soldering on some wires, if you solder on some wires, remember to use heat shrink wrapping or tape to insulate connections, just in case they hit the mobo and cause a short and possible destruction in the computers squishy innards.

Hook it up and test it's running, to figure out how to make the most use of a single fan I did all of this modification with the computer running, you needn't risk doing so since I've done the dumb stuff on this one.

Step 5: Close 'Er Up and See the Difference.

Picture of Close 'Er Up and See the Difference.

To close the case up you simply put the bottom of the side panel on to the little hinge like bumps, swing it up and press it in to position, if you find it gets stuck on the locking mechanisms simply pull the opening handle back and forth with one hand and squeeze it in to place, it's sometimes a little fiddly to get back on so take your time and don't force anything.

The results were huge differences...

The HDD temps were down from 69C to 48C, huge can, since they're under the big fan tunnel they get minimal cooling and have a lot of heat buildup, depending on usage the CPU heat went down by 4-9C which is very good and the speed was no longer sitting 334 mhz below spec, which is nice to know.

Next step will be augmenting the rather inadequate 512mb of ram and bringing it up to 4GB, also replacing the dead writer drive and adding a TV card and a few internal USB slots to keep the permanently plugged in peripherals out of the way.

Comments

Bongmaster (author)2008-08-15

the 4600 draws air out the back thru the cpu heatsing using a green plastic port.

http://reviews.cnet.com/sc/30529709-2-300-internal-5.gif

the fan is just behind the heatsink under the green bit. works well, but i added a fan in front of the heatsink to cool itmore after i added more hard drives then the case could hold :3 also a fan in the front cover.

zack247 (author)Bongmaster2010-06-07

dont forget about the 4500

Oh right, I don't have a 4600 so I didn't notice, my mates 4300 is the same basic construction, the idea's solid but the air just never makes it out the end, when I do the ram and possibly add a second HDD I'll consider re-working the fan system, maybe get a blower and remove the fans to make something a bit more beefy, not a huge sound difference... there is room for a medium fan at the top which would drag heat away from the top of the case and from the not so cleverly planned PSU which pulls air in the back...

yea airflow is important in these machines one fan in the wrong place and it gets pretty warm :D

Yeah, I can see how they planned it to work but they just took the quiet route instead of slamming air through it properly, to top it off the put in a harddrive that drowns out the noise of a big desk fan nevermind one extra 10cm fan. Clearly lateral thinking...

Hycro (author)2010-01-01

Yes, I've noticed most computer desks out there either have the tower placed almost on the floor, have it placed on the floor, or will have it in a cabinet with a door on the front, and very little room in the back panel of the desk for any kind of ventilation at all, and most people almost never clean the dust out of their case, and then wonder why their computer stopped working. My computer is about 3' off the floor, and it still sucks up quite a bit of dust at times.

DJ Radio (author)2008-10-11

huh, good tip, but too bad there aren't any more dimensions to fix, dell discontinued the line a few months ago

killerjackalope (author)DJ Radio2008-10-12

Aye but plenty of people have them...

About This Instructable

5,723views

3favorites

License:

Bio: A Northern Ireland based maker with a propensity to cause trouble and freshly constructed family.
More by killerjackalope:Stroboscopic ZoomographyBalsamic Chilli Sweet Potato FriesWire Belt Hook for Drills
Add instructable to: