Introduction: Flash Cotton (Nitrocellulose)

Picture of Flash Cotton (Nitrocellulose)

Nitrocellulose is one of the best materials to use for low budget special effects, or just to have fun! This flash cotton can be used in many ways (as seen in step 4), and all of them are amazing to watch! They also make for amazing light paintings! See the pictures in the last step for examples.

This is part 2 of a 3 part project. See the last step for a hint of the next part!

Warning: This instructable can be dangerous if the proper safety precautions are not followed. Please be aware that handling a strong acid, such as sulfuric acid, can cause significant harm. Also, the nitrocellulose should be used responsibly, not to intentionally harm another living being.

Step 1: Materials

Picture of Materials
Materials:
Sulfuric acid (H2SO4) (Lowes, Amazon)
Potassium nitrate (KNO3) (Lowes, Amazon)
Baking soda (NaHCO3) (Grocery store, Amazon)
Cotton balls (Local pharmacy, Amazon)

Tools:
  • Safety goggles (preferably slash-proof)
  • Rubber gloves
  • Plastic cups or other plastic/glass containers
  • Marker
  • Beaker
  • Scale
  • Pan
  • Salt
  • Ice
  • Plastic/glass stirring rod (no metal!)
  • Bucket
  • pH strips (optional)


Step 2: Preparation

Picture of Preparation
Measurement: To measure the volume of a liquid, pour 50mL of water into a cup, and mark it with a permanent marker. Now you can simply pour out the water and fill up the cup to the line with the sulfuric acid. This method allows the use of kitchenware for the actual measurement.

Using the method above (or a spare beaker if you have one), measure 50 mL of sulfuric acid

Next, use a scale to measure 35 grams of potassium nitrate.

Then, measure 4g of cotton (it should be about 8 cotton balls) using your scale.

Setup: To produce optimal results, the sulfuric acid/potassium nitrate bath should be chilled with salt and ice. Fill your pan/container with ice, a bit of water and some normal table salt (NaCl). The salt cools the mixture down to below freezing and allows the ice to last longer.  If the temperature outside is within a few degrees of freezing, the ice bath is not necessary.

Also, prepare the cotton balls by pulling them apart and making them as fluffy as possible. This ensures the cotton will be evenly exposed to the mixture.

Safety Precautions:
  • Have a bucket of baking soda and water solution nearby
  • Wear safety goggles and rubber gloves
  • Stay away from anything you don't want to get acid on
  • Have someone help you or be nearby


Step 3: Process

Picture of Process

Nitration:
1.) Place the potassium nitrate container into the ice bath
2.) Carefully pour 50mL of sulfuric acid into the container of KNO3
3.) Stir thoroughly for about a minute
4.) Mix in the pulled apart cotton balls one by one
5.) If the mixture becomes too thick, add another 10-15mL of sulfuric acid
6.) Once all of the cotton is completely covered, let it sit for at least an hour
7.) Remove container from the ice bath to prepare it for rinsing

Rinsing:
1.) Fill a separate container with warm water
2.) Place the cotton into this container and stir
3.) Repeat previous two steps 3 times (the pH of the solution is still going to be about 2.5, so be careful!)
4.) When disposing of the acidic water, be sure to neutralize it first by pouring some baking soda in it
5.) Pour some baking soda down the drain of a slop sink
6.) In the same sink, let lukewarm water run into the container for two minutes, stirring occasionally (this will also clean your drain!)
7.) If you would like, test the water's pH (mine was between 6-7 by this point), but it should be safe to touch by now

Drying:
1.) Drain the water from the container
2.) Put the nitrocellulose onto a tray
3.) Pat with a paper towel
4.) Leave to dry inside overnight


Step 4: Using It!

Picture of Using It!
Now for the fun part!
Only a few of the uses for this amazing substance are listed here.  Be creative and be safe!

Normal Usage:
Pull apart the cotton until it is very fluffy. Then simply ignite it!  





You can also use a wireless igniter (it uses a glow plug from a RC car) (instructable here):
Light it in your Hand:

For this demonstration, the nitrocellulose is pulled apart very well and searched for any clumps that could burn for longer. It is very important to be aware that this should not be done repetitively, for your skin will not like it.  If done properly, you should feel a small amount of heat, but nothing more.

Throw a Fireball:

This is the safer than holding it in your hand, but note that it has to be thrown right after it's lit.


Coming Soon!

Stay tuned for part three!


Don't forget to comment if you liked it!

Sources: Nighthawkinlight 

Comments

Master Max (author)2016-06-16

Very cool tutorial!

Just one question: Do I have to use potassium nitrate, or will other nitrates such as magnesium nitrate or calcium nitrate work too? I live in Germany where potassium nitrate isn't available.

nodcah (author)Master Max2016-06-16

It works out chemically and it's a similar reaction, so I'd say go for it!

Master Max (author)nodcah2016-06-17

Ok, I'll try it. If I get any positive results I'm going to post them here.

Thanks for the Answer!

nodcah (author)Master Max2016-06-17

Please do post your results!! I'll add it in the Instructable whether it works or doesn't so others can know! =D

BrianB119 (author)2015-10-27

thanks for the info

Jlrogersify (author)2015-08-22

If I were to make this and have the cotton soak all the materials and then air dry it with the materials soaked into the cotton and ignite it while it's in my hand would it work like the original flash cotton or would it hurt

nodcah (author)Jlrogersify2015-08-23

It doesn't hurt at all! To get it to not hurt, be sure to pull it apart so it's very fluffy and it should work work perfectly!

SimplicityfromClutter (author)2015-06-12

Flashboy .... you are a charmer...i saw your intrbls on flash using chemistry as well as electronics...an artist you are thumbs up!!

kolton.cook.3 (author)2015-04-26

I had a problem after I put the cotton in the mixture. I let it sit for an hour but there was no cotton. It was just a cloudy pink liquid.

nodcah (author)kolton.cook.32015-04-26

Hmmm... I'd say add more cotton or take out the cotton earlier. Also, the reaction might not be cold enough, which might explain the cotton disappearing. Let me know if that works!
-Nodcah

patbking (author)2014-06-20

Is there any substitute for KNO3 thx

nodcah (author)patbking2014-06-20

Yes. If HNO3 is used, it will create a much faster burning more explosive material. But, if you're looking for something easily accessible, KNO3 is the best option. Thanks for commenting! :-)

WarriorStudio (author)2014-05-21

I wonder if you make a flat sheet of this, and used a sort of friction ignition to ignite it. Like a melted matchhead on the paper, with the friction sheet from a match-box on your hand. Would be able to ignite it and make it look really cool

spylock (author)2014-04-21

Good job,you can do it with paper if Im not mistaken.

nodcah (author)spylock2014-04-21

Yep! I would recommend a paper towel or a cotton t-shirt if you decide you want something flat.

Ricardo Furioso (author)2014-04-21

Cool. Dangerous.
Thank you.

nodcah (author)Ricardo Furioso2014-04-21

No problem, but don't get excited, it's not very dangerous at all in small quantities. Also, the more it is pulled apart, the safer it gets (and the flame gets bigger, too!)

tgferreira184 (author)2014-01-09

Why is the background orange?

nodcah (author)tgferreira1842014-01-09

The html of any instructable can be edited with the rich editor if you have a pro account. I used the <style> tag to make the "body" of this instructable orange. I plan on continuing to do this, but I don't think the moderators like it...

ASCAS (author)nodcah2014-01-11

Hey dude, where did you place the <img> code for the top photo? Cool mod BTW!

nodcah (author)ASCAS2014-01-11

Into a style element that goes after every step:
<style type="text/css">
div.aspace-wrap {
background-image: url(https://www.instructables.com/files/orig/F9F/717I/HQ1E0QLT/F9F717IHQ1E0QLT.png);
height: 44.0px;
background-repeat: no-repeat;
background-position: center top;
background-color: rgb(255,180,99);
}
</style>

And thanks!

ASCAS (author)nodcah2014-01-11

Cool, thanks!

tgferreira184 (author)nodcah2014-01-11

I don't think they like it either.

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Bio: I am a sophomore in college studying Computer Science and Electrical Engineering and an alumn of a FIRST robotics team. I also love to tinker ... More »
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