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This Instructable will show you how to make a lamp based on the fluorescent properties of quinine, the chemical which gives tonic water its bitter taste.

Quinine is fluorescent which means it absorbs energy from light of one wavelength and then emits this energy as light of a longer wavelength. (In the case of quinine it absorbs UV light at about 350nm and emits light of about 460nm)

Thus with a UV LED and a bottle full of tonic water you can make a beautiful decorative lamp.

Step 1: Materials and Tools

Materials

A nicely shaped bottle with clear colourless glass and a cork stopper. (I found a very nice gin bottle which I thought was highly appropriate for a tonic based lamp!)

A UV LED (I used one of these, they can also be found in kids invisible UV ink spy pens!)

3 hearing aid batteries

Clingfilm

Electrical PVC Insulation Tape

A bottle of tonic water

Tools

Junior hacksaw

Scalpel blade

Scissors

Wire Clippers

Step 2: Preparing the Bottle

You will want to find a bottle you like the shape of, with a cork type stopper.

Soak the bottle in hot water for about ten minutes and peel off the label. Then scrape off the excess glue with the scalpel blade and wipe away any last bits with a cloth.

Step 3: Modifying the Cork

Glass tends to filter UV light so our LED needs to be inside the bottle to get a good level of brightness.

Place a button battery in the middle of the cork and draw round it. Using this as a guide (you want the final groove to be just big enough for the LED and batteries so that they stay in) cut the cork with the hacksaw so that you have two parallel cuts through the cork and then use the scalpel blade to cut out all the cork from inside the two cuts. This will be where the LED sits.

Step 4: Mounting the LED

Take your button cells and stack them, and wrap them in tape. Use the scalpel blade to trim any excess tape.

LEDs have a positive and negative leg. The LED will have a flat edge on one side, the leg on this side is the negative leg. Cut this leg so that there is about 3mm extending from the LED. Place the uncut leg against the stack of batteries so that the cut leg touches the top of the stack of batteries, this should be the negative terminal. Now tape the long leg to the side of the stack and bend it so that it touches the base, this should be the positive terminal. The LED should now be glowing. (To turn it off you should able to spin the LED and move the legs off the battery terminals)

Take the LED and battery stack and push it into the groove. It should sit in there nice and tight. If not cover with a layer of clingfilm to hold it in place.

Step 5: Final Steps

Fill your bottle with the tonic water and pop in the cork light assembly. Where the light hits the tonic it should glow a vibrant blue.

You should be able to see the blue glow with lights on but for the best effect dim the lights and admire your handy work :)

Sadly pictures don't do it justice, so to see it in its full glory you will just have to make one!

Any comments/questions welcome, I would love to know what you all think of this instructable.

Will2

<p>ethoxylated alcohol is consists of ethyl oxide and phenol or alcohol like ethanol.</p>
<p>Vim consits of sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate salts and ethoxylated alcohols.</p>
<p>Here a pic of Vim in acetone. Under 405 nm it glows green blue color.</p>
<p>Here are some other type of compounds that I have discovered glow under UV.</p><p>Calcium Phosphate. Blue. Pink.</p><p>Sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate Varieties glow green to blue.</p><p>4-MU found in sunscreen lotions blue (light blue).</p><p>Maybe Glow sticks under the right UV: Phenol Oxalate derivatives. Blue, green, red to yellow.</p><h1><p>Fluorescein at yellow green under differennt UV 512-520 nm.</p><p>Rhodamine B glows green under certain UV range. Weak glowing.</p><p>Tumeric under UV glows light blue. Light blue green. Weak glowing.</p><p>Acetone should glow blue under UV (But it doesn't glow well under UV for my results.).</p><p>And much more.........</p></h1>
<p>For a 100 ml concentrated solution of quinnine I added 20 ml of 99.999% acetone and 2 ml of 0.7 moles of Sulfuric acid. Both the acetone and the sulfuric acid enhances the properties of the quinnine solution and prevents unwanted bacteria from growing in it.</p>
<p>You know the cheapest option of concentrated quinne solution is to BOIL tonic water. At most for 1200 ml of tonic water will cost is $5.00 for small cans. A concentration of 85 mg *1.2 = 102 mg quinine. Then you boil it down to 100 ml thus the concentration is near a 1 g of quinine per 100 ml. </p>
<p>Of course 80 ml plus 4 ml acetone plus 5 ml of 1 m H2SO4 changes the amount of quinine present.</p>
<p>Looks bright. Hard to photograph isnt it. :) </p>
Yeah it kind is difficult to photograph.
<p>You may want to make a stronger 0.05% Quinine concentrated solution by boiling down 700 ml of tonic water to 50 ml.</p>
<p>That's a great idea! I have managed to get hold of some cinchona bark, so will try extracting my own. Any tips for Quinine extraction?</p>
<p>Yes carefully with a hot plate boil down Tonic water as the source of quinine for 5-6 hours. If too much heat is added the solution may turn dark brown. Mine turned a tint of yellow. You may need a hot plate-magnetic stirrer for this they are easily avaialable on amazon or e-bay.</p>
<p>Normal tonic water is 80 mg quinine per L. So for 700 ml this equals 56 mg a L. If boiled down to 100 ml carefully you get near 392 mg Quinine per L or 0.039 mg per 100 ml. </p><p>For my dye laser it efficiency should be 50%*0.039/0.1 mg = 19.5% efficient. Qa.</p>
<p>did you try fluoresceine yet? If not, do it.</p>

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