Introduction: Fly-In Diner - Wooden Bird Feeder

We needed a new bird feeder for our yard. I wanted to make something special. It should have a shape like a Chinese pagoda house, with two levels. We travel a lot and that's why the feeder should contain a lot of seeds and does not have to be refilled very often. We have already a pole of the old house in the garden. My idea was to use a screw in the center to mount it to the pole. The feeder should be water and weather proofed.

These are the key features. I made a quick drawing to visualize the concept. I used round holes for the seeds later, but the rest looks like the final product. I made this project back in December. Unfortunately I didn't had time to write this Instructable earlier. You can make this house for the next winter. You know: Winter is coming! :D

Everything can be done at home with a small set of tools and material. Enjoy.

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I got a notable remark by tytower, please keep this in mind:

Remember when you feed animals Mum brings the young to the food first so thats the only food source they know. You stop , move or whatever they die .Just keep everything in proportion and its OK . Stop for a week each month or limit it to very small amounts of food.

Step 1: Blueprint and Cardboard Model (optional)

The quick sketch is my reference. I start with the general shape of the house and continue with a complete list of all parts.

As usual, I make a cardboard model first to see the proportions in life-size. I'll change the seed hatch to round holes, due to have more area for the glue later on. The cardboard model is totally optional, but I like to do it :)

Step 2: Materials and Tools

What's needed?

  • Two plywood slabs with different thicknesses. I use 15mm and 6mm, but you can use different size as well. The final appearance may differ, but that's the idea about DIY stuff, isn't it? :D
  • Some scrap plywood, 15mm thick, for the magnets.
  • Wooden bars for the bird "runway". I used 8mm round bars. 1.5m should be enough.
  • 16 screw hooks (stainless), to mount the bars to the base
  • 8 O-rings to hold the bars in the hooks.
  • Wooden strips for the roofing tiles. I used 30mm x 100mm x 2mm strips and cut them into 30mm and 25mm long pieces.
  • 4 wooden strips for the base plates. I used 10mm x 100mm x 2mm strips. 1.5m should be enough.
  • One hanger bolt (one end is a M8 bolt, the other end is a wood screw) to mount the house to a pole
  • M8 retainer nut, the counterpart for the hanger bolt.
  • 4 tiny screws made of metal for the magnetic fastening
  • 4 neodymium magnets for the magnetic fastening
  • Measurement devices
  • Pencil
  • Saw
  • Wood drills
  • Electrical driller
  • Screw clamps
  • Clear lacquer (water resistent)
  • Wood stain
  • Brush
  • Wood glue (water resistent)
  • Brown silicone
  • Cutting heads
  • Grinding paper
  • Chop saw for cutting all pieces. You can use a hand saw or jigsaw as well, but the finish is better with the chop saw
  • Jigsaw
  • Router machine

Step 3: Cutting All Parts

I start with cutting all the main parts. The red framed parts are for the body, the blue ones for the upper roof and the yellow ones for the lower roof. Parts 1 and 2 are made out of 15mm thick plywood. The other parts are made of 6mm thick plywood.

Parts made of 15mm thick plywood:

  • Part 1: The base plate
  • Part 2: Upper roof plate. It will hold the screws for the magnetic fastening
  • 4 Magnet holder, will be described in an upcoming step

Parts made of 6mm thick plywood:

  • Parts 3a and 3b: Ground-floor walls
  • Part 4: Lower roof
  • Parts 5a and 5b: First floor walls
  • Part 6: Upper roof
  • Part 7: Inner pyramid. It moves the seeds to the holes
  • Part 8: Upper roof. Ceiling of the roof
  • Part 9: Ceiling between ground-floor and first floor

Parts made of 2mm thick wooden strips:

  • Part 10: Roofing tiles

After all parts a cut out, I mark the edges for the triangular and tradpezial parts. This would be the two roofs and the inner pyramid. I use my chop saw to cut them. If you don't have one or your chop saw cutting range is not wide enough, you can use a manual saw and a guidance to cut the parts as well.

Step 4: Part 7: the Inner Pyramid

So now all main parts a ready for the next steps. I start with part 7, the inner pyramid. It's used to move the seeds from the center to the holes on the ground-floor.

I use my table router with a 45° cutting head to cut out a 45° angle on all edges of all four parts. The angle between the sides of the pyramid is actually wider than 90°, but this is no problem. The gap will be filled with wood glue later on. The 45° cut on the ground line of the triangles is important to glue it to the base plate later on. I use some masking tape on the pyramid edges to keep it in shape.

Step 5: Part 4: the Lower Roof

Next is part 4, the lower roof. I use my router with a 45° cutting head again to cut the edges. This time I leave the base sides untouched for a nicer look later. Just cut the slopes and the shorter end of the parts. I use some masking tape on the trapeze edges to keep it in shape. A short test with one of the first floor walls will show you if everything fits together.

Step 6: Parts 6 and 8: the Upper Roof

Next are parts 6 and 8, the upper roof. Again, I use my router with a 45° cutting head the cut the edges of the triangular shapes, but I leave the base line untouched. The quadratic shaped part is cut on all edges. I use some masking tape on the triangle edges to keep it in shape. The quadratic part fits in the center.

Step 7: Parts 3a and 3b: the Ground-floor

Now it's time to change the cutting head on the router. I use a 6mm straight cutting head. The goal is to make a joint between the wall parts. I cut a notch on both sides of the longer plywood parts with half the thickness of the depth of the notch (in my case 3mm). The parts will be glued together later on. Just a short test to see if everything fits.

Step 8: Parts 5a and 5b: the First Floor

I use the same procedures on the parts 5a and 5b, the first floor walls. Again a short test to see if everything fits. Finally I can pull over the lower roof to see if this fits as well. Perfect, but it's still not the time for the glue :)

Step 9: Part 9: the Ceiling Between First and Ground-floor

This next step is bit more complicated. I want to make the ceiling of the ground-floor. Therefor I use part 9, the ceiling. First I need again some notches in the walls of the ground-floor. I use my rooter with the 6mm straight cutter to mill the upper sides of the walls. This time, the notch has to be 6mm deep (the thickness of the ceiling plate) and 3mm wide.

The ceiling plate should now fit perfectly. Next step is to cut out an inner square. The square should have the inner dimension of the first floor. This is in my case 120mm - 2x6mm = 108. The first floor walls will be glued directly on the ceiling later on.

I mark the square with my pencil and drill four holes in the corners so I can insert my jigsaw to cut out the square. A short test at the end, fits perfectly. :)

Step 10: First Test

The main parts a ready to be assembled for a first test. I put the walls together of the ground-floor and place the ceiling on it. I place the walls of the first floor on the ceiling and pull over the lower roof. I cover the first floor with the upper roof plate and finally with the upper roof itself. Et voila, it fits perfectly. Now it's time to focus on the details.

Step 11: Parts 3a and 3b: Drilling the Holes for the Seeds

In the next step, I cut out the holes for the seeds. I've decided to make holes and not an entire hatch over the full length. With the holes I got more area to glue the walls to the ground plate later on.

I use 35mm foster drill for the holes. I mark a parallel line roundabout 10mm from the base line. I use a nail to mark the center. You can drill a small hole with a small wood driller as well. I cut out four holes on each wall with the foster drill. A short test again :)

Step 12: Parts 3a, 3b, 5a and 5b: Finishing the Facade

I want to have a nice finish on the facade. That's why I use my router with a 6mm straight cutter to mill small and parallel notches on the outside on each of the eight walls (ground and first floor walls). The notch ist roundabout 1mm deep. You can use different distances between the notches. Do as you like. You can leave out the whole step as well. You can achieve a nice finish with paint too. It's up to you :)

Step 13: Second Test

We are getting closer to the end. So it's time for another test assembly. It looks almost finished with the nice sunlight falling on it :D

Step 14: Part 1: the Base

The house is almost done. It's time for part 1, the ground plate. I use my router to achieve a nice finish on the edges, but this not necessary.

Next step is to apply the retainer nut for the pole mount. Therefore I use a long ruler to find the exact center of the plate (simply draw a line from each corner to the other). I use a 20mm foster drill to form a hole which is 1mm deep. Then I use a 10mm wood drill to drill through the base plate. Now I can insert the retainer nut and fixate it with three screws (your nut may differ from mine, there are also some nuts with claws instead of screws. You need a hammer there ;D). Small test: The bolt fits. The bolt will be screwed in the pole later on.

The plate will offer the seeds later, therefor I need a small rim, which prevents the seeds from falling down. I use wooden strips, which are 10mm wide and 2-3mm high. I cut them in the length of the base plate, which means 280mm. I apply a 45° angle on each end, like a picture frame.

Finally I use round wooden bars with a thickness of 8mm for the bird "runway". I cut them in the length of the base plate, again 280mm. The bars will be hold with four screw hooks on each side. Therefor I drill holes with a small wood drill. That makes it easier to insert the hooks later on.

Step 15: Parts 5a, 5b and 2: the Magnetic Fastening

The bird seeds will be filed in through the upper roof. Therefor I need a closing system. I want to use magnets. I use some spare plywood of 15mm thickness to cut out four bars. They should have the length of the first floor walls minus the thickness of part 2. That means 130mm - 15mm = 115mm.

I drill a small hole in each bar for the magnets. The inserted magnets should be even with the surface. I use my router with a small 45° cutter to break one edge of each bar. That make it easier to fit them into the corners of the first floor. I use glue to fixate the magnets in their holes.

I mark the dimensions of the bars on part 2 and find the center of each corner square. I insert four little screws. It's important, that the screws are magnetic. You can erase your pencil markings with a rubber.

Cool, magnetic fastening: Done!

Step 16: Parts 6, 8 and 2: Glueing the Upper Roof

Finally I can glue something :D I start with the upper roof. I use a tape role as a frame. I insert plenty wood glue in the gaps between the triangles. Then comes the roof plate. It's important that the plate is perfectly balanced and parallel to the roof edges. In the exact middle comes part 2. When the glue is dry, you can peel off the masking tape.

Step 17: Parts 3a, 3b and 9: Glueing the Ground-floor and the Ceiling. Cutting the Edges.

Next step is to finish the ground-floor. Therefor I glue the walls together and glue the ceiling right on the walls. I use some weight to hold the ceiling down till the glue is dry.

Last usage of the router. To have a wider glueing area for the lower roof, I break the edges of the upper side of the wall. Therefor I use 45° cutter, but just on the side without the holes.

Step 18: Part 4: Glueing the Lower Roof

Now it's time for the lower roof to be glued together. I fill plenty of glue into the gaps between the trapezes. I use the first floor to see if everything fits. But be careful that the walls do not stick to the roof. This comes later.

Step 19: Parts 7 and 1: Glueing the Base

I use the markings from the center finding action before to fit the inner pyramid perfectly into the center of the base. I apply glue to fixate it. I glue the rims as well.

Step 20: Mount the Bars for the Bird to the Base

I insert the screw hooks into the holes I've made before. They should be equally screwed into the wood. I insert the bars and fixate them with two O-rings each. I'll pull out the bars later on for lacquering.

Step 21: Parts 5a and 5b: Glueing the First Floor and the Magnetic Fastening

Now I can glue the first floor walls together. Finally I can fixate the bars with the magnets in the corners.

Step 22: Glueing the Ground-floor, the First Floor and the Lower Roof Together

We are getting close to the end :D. I glue the first floor onto the ground-floor. Then comes the lower roof. You can mark the end of the lower roof on the walls of the first floor to know where you should apply the glue. Do not glue the ground plate, the picture is just to see the final result :)

Step 23: Part 10: Roofing Tiles

Everything is dry. I can start with the roofing tiles. This depends totally on you. You can use roofing felt, metal sheets or simply lacquer. I want to have small tiles made of wood. Therefor I cut small pieces out of my wooden strip (30mm x 100mm x 2mm). I use two different sizes, 30mm x 30mm x 2mm and 25mm x 30mm x 2mm, in alternating sequence. I mark the roofs with a pencil to see where the tiles will go. They have roundabout 20mm distance to each other. Just make sure they are equally spread.

I simply glue them to the roof and to each other, starting on the lowest row. I use a small saw for cutting the edges. The rows overlap a bit.

Step 24: Staining the Roofing Tiles

Phew, that was a lot of work. I'm glad you made it to this step :D. Now it's easy. I use masking tape to cover the walls and protect them from the color. I use stain to darken the tiles a bit. You can use paint or simply leave the tiles as they are (maybe you have already used a different wood with different color). Do as you like to.

Step 25: Applying Silicone to the Roof Edges

I use brown colored silicone to fill the gaps in the roofs. There are 8 gaps on the edges and four between the lower roof and the first floor. I use masking tape to cover the walls. You will get a clean edge when you peel off the tape.

Step 26: Applying the Lacquer and the Final Glueing

Yeah almost done. I apply two layers of waterproof lacquer to all surfaces, also the inside. That's why I hadn't glued the house to the base plate yet. The roofs will get a third layer for whether protection. When everything is dry, I glue the house to the base and reinsert the bars into the hooks. I use the O-rings to fixate the bars and I use a pliers squeeze the hooks a bit into the bars, that makes them steady as a rock. UhUh I think we are done here :D ...

Step 27: Done

... Yeah looks like it! We are done! Let's take it outside to the birdies. It's time to fasten the hanger screw into the pole and screw on the house. I use a small pice of cardboard to cover the holes while I fill in the seeds. I did it before without it and the seeds were overshooting. But there is no problem with the cover. I'm impressed, the house holds almost 4kg of bird seeds. That should be enough for weeks :D

I spend the first half of the day looking through the window. It took a while till the message was spread to the birdies. Some days later we had a lot of visitors to our fly-in diner. They never leave a tip :D

I hope you will enjoy building this. Please let me know your experiences and improvements. Please put photos in the comments. :)

Comments

author
47miky made it!(author)2017-04-04

I wanted to mention that we're going to put a pond into our large garden that I can't use due to my disabilities, so it's going to be a water feature and put the feeders around the whole area and use it to make my yard even more beautiful. Your instructions are wonderful and I do like the cardboard model and it make be old school but I'm going to use that idea to make sure I get it right. Thanks again!

author
Stish made it!(author)2017-04-07

I'm sorry to hear about your disabilities. Placing a bird feeder around your pond is a great idea. If you have any questions feel free to contact me. I'm really glad you like this project. And again, please send me picture of your version. I'd love to see them :) Enjoy building the feeder.

author
47miky made it!(author)2017-04-04

This is excellent! I was wanting to make a birdfeeder that could hold enough to last awhile. Our last place we lived we had a small feeder and the birds would go through so much seed and we were always filling it. So hopefully this one would last longer, but one of the differences for us will be that we have larger birds here and they already snack on the apples in our trees, so hopefully the feeder will be just a supplemental feeder. I think though I'll have to build two so I can put food for the larger birds in one and the smaller birds in the other. I can't wait to get started!

author
Stish made it!(author)2017-04-07

I'm glad you like it. Maybe you can reinforce the "runway" with longer and stronger hooks for the large birds. I use mixed seeds, so that every bird will find something. My dad told me later, that sunflower seeds are the best, because most birds like them. You can buy them without shells as well.

I'd love to see some pictures of your version when you are finished.

author
diy_bloke made it!(author)2017-04-04

I already find the cardboard version a piece of Art

author
tomatoskins made it!(author)2017-03-29

Wow, this puts my bird feeders to shame! Beautiful! It took a few months last year until the birds discovered my birdfeeders. Great documentation and even greater project!

author
Stish made it!(author)2017-03-29

Thx :). I hope we will have more birdies next year. The winter vanished real quickly this year. Do you keep your feeders outside over the year or do you unmount them when it's getting warmer?

author
tomatoskins made it!(author)2017-03-30

I actually left this one: https://www.instructables.com/id/Window-Bird-Feede... out all year and we had birds visiting throughout the winter. After being up for a solid 6 months it did become detached from the window and fell two stories. All things considered, it faired pretty well. I had to reattach some shingles and replace the crossmember on the back, but it's back up and running. I made one for my wife's window that was built a little bit better that hasn't fallen off at all.

DSC_4523.JPG
author
estrlu made it!(author)2017-04-02

We've used suction cups to hang stained glass ornaments inside the kitchen window and even the large cups won't stay on very long. For that reason we do not recommend them to hang just about anything but very light items.

author
tomatoskins made it!(author)2017-04-03

The vacuum style suction cups I used can hold about 20 lbs each so the light weight bird feeder was no issue. It's just the 6 months of rain and dirt that worked it's way under them that was the problem. If you remove and clean the suction cups and window periodically you should have no troubles.

author
Stish made it!(author)2017-03-30

Wow I like it. The idea with the suction cup is great. You can easily observe the birdies while they eat from the inside of your house. If my wife sees that, I bet she would want something similar for our house. I'll build this for the next winter.

Thx for sharing it.

author
Rogeraee made it!(author)2017-04-02

Well done, a really professional Tutorial. Great design.

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Stish made it!(author)2017-04-03

Thx. I really appreciate that.

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mrsmerwin made it!(author)2017-04-02

This is beautiful.

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Stish made it!(author)2017-04-03

Thank you

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squeakywheels made it!(author)2017-04-02

What a fantastic design. I think the birds in my garden might find it a bit too posh :)

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Stish made it!(author)2017-04-03

Yeah I know what you mean. It might seems it bit ridiculous, but our down-to-earth birds seems to like. I think they don't care where the seeds come from :D

author
Seo10 made it!(author)2017-04-02

I forgot to ask. I have a constant battle with squirrels. DO you have them where you live and can they get up and into the base?

author
Stish made it!(author)2017-04-03

Yes we do have a lot of squirrels, the red ones. They are not active right now, i guess. I haven't seen one yet. So I can't help you in this regard. But I guess they won't have a problem to get to the seeds. I'm not sure If they could lift the lid. I think the would just grab some seeds from the base. I'll observe that :)

author
Seo10 made it!(author)2017-04-02

Great Design and wonderful execution. The Photo, description on making one is really well done too. Congratulations, Looks like I have a project to start.

author
Stish made it!(author)2017-04-03

Thank you. I would love to see your version of it. Please keep me updated. Have fun and if you have any questions, please don't hesitate to ask them.

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Thorsteinn+SigurdurT made it!(author)2017-04-02

Flott, in my languages (Icelandic) means extravagant.

author
Stish made it!(author)2017-04-03

Thx. I would use some bright colors if I would make one for an Icelander :D

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Unicorn10 made it!(author)2017-04-02

Vunderbar :) Truly a labour of Love <3

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Stish made it!(author)2017-04-03

Thank you so much.

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chudson21 made it!(author)2017-04-02

This is beautiful and the fact that you maintained consistency from the drawing to the final product is pretty dang cool. The cardboard model is my favorite part of this.

author
Stish made it!(author)2017-04-03

Thank you. I guess doing cardboard models is a bit old school, but I really like it. It can give you some hints to improve the real thing.

author
dbenedetto made it!(author)2017-03-30

I love bird feeders, unfortunately my cat loves birds. I had to take it down for the bird's sake. :-)

author
Stish made it!(author)2017-03-30

Yeah I know that problem. I hope the 2m high pole will keep them safe. But cats are clever ;)

author
jessyratfink made it!(author)2017-03-30

What a thoughtful and beautiful feeder! I love it :D

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Stish made it!(author)2017-03-30

Thank you :)

author
tytower made it!(author)2017-03-29

Remember when you feed animals Mum brings the young to the food first so thats the only food source they know. You stop , move or whatever they die .Just keep everything in proportion and its OK . Stop for a week each month or limit it to very small amounts of food.

author
Stish made it!(author)2017-03-30

Thx for the advice. I'll add it to the description.

author
Swansong made it!(author)2017-03-29

That's beautiful! I love the design :)

author
Stish made it!(author)2017-03-29

Thank you :)

About This Instructable

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Bio: Born in Berlin in 1985, engineer, contrarian, 'The Big Bang Theory' fan, my blog: www.geek-end.de
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