Introduction: Full English Breakfast

Picture of Full English Breakfast

One of the quintessential English dishes, still very popular in many of the top restaurants across the land, the 'Full English Breakfast' is quite possibly one of the highest forms of culinary art and without doubt one of the most famous breakfast offerings in the world, only second to the French omelette.

Being a self confessed connoisseur of this creation, I did drive many miles over many years, between the furthest reaches of the British Isles, to comprehensively research the 'Full English' phenomenon.

In doing so, I encountered many imitations and imposters, namely the 'Full Irish', 'Full Scottish' and the 'Full Monty' and many deviations from the true recipe but now, at last, here are the results of many decades of tireless work by myself, now considered to be one of the foremost experts on the subject.

Although, by definition a breakfast, this dish can be eaten at any time of the day and is often consumed by hung over party goers on a Sunday afternoon as a very effective cure for over enthusiastic alcohol consumption during the previous night.

Step 1: Ingredients

Picture of Ingredients

Not surprisingly, ingredients play a crucial role in this recipe and there are very strict rules to follow when preparing the meal and maintaining it's absolute authenticity:

1. Sausages (best local produce)


1. Muesli / Cereal

2. Bacon (best local produce)

2. Fries / Chips

3. Eggs (free range organic)

3. Pancakes

4. Baked Beans (Heinz)

4. Bagels

5. Tomatoes (fresh)

5. Mustard

6. Mushrooms (fresh)

6. White Pudding

7. Black Pudding

7. Muffins

8. Hash Browns

8. Burgers

9. Fried Bread

9. Crumpets

10. Tomato Sauce (Heinz)

10. Smoothie

11. Brown Sauce (Hp)

11. Green Vegetables

12. Butter (best local produce)

12. Margarine

13. Sunflower oil

13. Coffee

14. Yorkshire Tea

14. Hot Chocolate

Step 2: Vegetarian Option

Although the Full English is a meat dish with 14 ingredients, there is the possibility of the 'Half English' which might contain 7 ingredients such as the hash browns, mushrooms, tomato, egg and sauces.

Step 3: Prepare the Workspace

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It's often a good idea to tidy up the kitchen area before engaging on such an ambitious project as the 'Full English'.

Step 4: Prick the Sausages

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Get the sausages and black pudding cooking under a hot grill.

Step 5: Grill the Bacon and Hash Browns

Picture of Grill the Bacon and Hash Browns

Turn the sausages and black pudding over after 10 minutes and add the bacon and hash browns to the grill and cook for another 10 - 15 minutes being careful not to burn the sausages.

Step 6: Tomatoes and Mushrooms

Picture of Tomatoes and Mushrooms

Chop the veg, open the can of beans and cook in separate pans on the hob. The mushrooms are fried in butter with the tomatoes.

Step 7: Toast

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Toast some bread ready to be flash fried after the eggs have finished.

Step 8: Egg

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The egg must be cooked in a clean frying pan with fresh vegetable oil. The oil should be no hotter than the boiling point of water (100 degrees C). The egg should be kept in one piece and the white part free of bubbles or other defects.

Step 9: Flash Fry the Toast

Picture of Flash Fry the Toast

By now the meat and hash browns should be cooked at it's time to serve up. When serving, traditionally the egg is served last but here we're going to serve it second to last just before the fried bread. The toast is flash fried at high temperature whilst everything else is kept warm under the grill.

Step 10: Arrangement on the Plate

Picture of Arrangement on the Plate

The egg is normally placed on top of some of the other ingredients, but none of the other ingredients should be on top of one another and side plates/pots etc are not allowed. Basically, it's all about getting as much on one plate as possible and if your plate is not big enough - get a bigger one!

Once served, your breakfast may attract the attention of dogs and other humans so it's best to eat it straight away.


BLACK_HAT (author)2017-04-30

I substitute fishcakes f[or hash browns :)

SoLongSidekick (author)2017-04-19

Uhhh this is definitely not "without doubt the single most famous breakfast offering in the world". I think you are confusing "the world" with "Britain" or maybe even "The EU".

So what could possibly be more famous? The French breakfast? The Italian breakfast? The African Breakfast The Australian Breakfast? ........ There is no breakfast more famous than this one Period.

...uh ... you are aware there are about a billion other breakfast dishes than ones that conform to "Xcountry Breakfast" right? For one, omelettes are massively more unanimously known than the English Breakfast. The vast majority of Americans for example have never even heard of it, a small percentage know that it has beans and tomato and that's the extent of their familiarity, and an extreme minority know all the components. And just about every other country in the world (at least ones that weren't former colonies) is the same. I'd bet a month's salary that the extreme majority on the African continent have never heard of it (despite numerous former colonies), whereas just about every restaurant I went to in three African countries all served omelettes.

I did not realise that an omelette was a breakfast dish, even though I am 1/4 French. I looked it up on Wikipedia and it has quite an interesting history. I will rephrase the opening statement of this instructable to

"without doubt the one of the most famous breakfast offerings in the world, only second to the omelette"

Thank you for correcting me!

Cheese Queen (author)2017-04-02

Americans certainly do eat canned baked beans, but generally not for breakfast and not in sandwiches.

But can someone explain "HP sauce"? And I thought breakfast tomatoes were fried right along with that slice.

MagnusT5 (author)Cheese Queen2017-04-08

just because we do not does not mean it wrong or not good you might be surprised as I know I been

HP Sauce is a unique product unto itself, but the closest equivalent American product would be A-1 Steak Sauce.

HP has been a Heinz brand for several years, and made in Holland, not England since the takeover. Afficianados think the newer product is too vinegary, YMMV.

Anyway, I've found it in our local (central PA) supermarket in the US condiments section. .

I stand corrected!

slackpat (author)2017-04-05

The Full English. Simply serve your enemy a large breakfast
consisting of pudding, beans, chips, tea, bread, fried bread, lard,
fried lard, fried tea, fried beans, bacon, lard, fried lard, beans,
pudding, mushrooms, eggs (fried), butter and marzipan. This will
incapacitate them, allowing you to whack them over the head with a
shovel and steal their whippet.

Tecwyn Twmffat (author)slackpat2017-04-06

The Eye of the Hovis. Distract your enemy with a small to medium sized brass band. They will be mesmerised by the music, and their feet will not stop tapping. Not until you stuff a pudding down their shirt front, anyway. If they get annoyed, have a ukelele handy for a cheeky song or two.

Tecwyn Twmffat (author)slackpat2017-04-06

I've never thought of the Full English as a weapon!

slackpat (author)Tecwyn Twmffat2017-04-06

I am sorry its from ecky thump,

The art of hitting people over the head with a black pudding

bnilsen22 (author)2017-04-04

This looks amazing! You got my vote

themanwoaname (author)2017-04-03

i dream of this breakfast.
since learning about it -, i've eaten at ihop, and i've eaten at denny's; my wife makes breakfast on sundays occasionally...

but nothing fills the hole in my heart that only eating this breakfast will fill. i have to have it. i dont want to make it because i'd be the only one eating it in my household. i cant find it anywhere to eat in florida and it makes me sad.

whiskywill (author)2017-04-03

That is not fried bread. It is fried toast. I have never seen that on any real breakfast.

Ricardobaggins (author)2017-04-03

Fantastic that there is an intructable for the great "full english" on here! massive kudos. I only have one big problem. Sausages. they should never be pricked and should always be cooked under/on a low light/temp. Do you remember the BBC Gary Rhodes mini ad where he climed a coastal cliff to tell a camper not to prick his sausages? any way, the whys and wherefores are explained below courtesy of "

Should I prick my sausages before cooking them? L. Ho

"Never, ever prick a sausage. There is a theory that pricking a sausage lets the fat out, making them healthier. That's like wanting to visit the Berlin Wall but being afraid of Germans. Sausages are, by definition, fatty. By Australian law they can be up to 50 per cent fat. But fat is the flavour, and if you want to avoid fat you should avoid sausages. Low-fat sausages are about as pointless as dehydrated water. Cook sausages slowly over low heat on a greased grill, turning several times. High heat will simply cause them to split their skins and expunge their precious bodily fluids. Sausages also like a little rest after cooking."

But still, well done on a great Intructable!!!

lapeyrouse (author)2017-04-02

As an Englishman living in France (and actually having both Yorkshire tea and HP sauce delivered from England), I an only mark down this excellent Instructable on one small point. The hash browns are American, fried (in beef dripping) slices of yesterday's boiled potatoes are the true suppliers of saturated fat and carbohydrate. they are the real rationale behind the HP sauce!

Yes .... Life is not really possible without HP sauce. Did you know Americans don't eat baked beans?

True, the Hash browns are American and so too the tomatoes. With any of these things multicultural influences come along and if we went back in time we would probably find that England itself did not exist until a certain date. I'm no history expert, but I'm under the impression that before England existed there was Scotland, Wales, Yorkshire, Cornwall and Sussex?

All I've tried to do is draw a line in our timeline and pin point what constitutes a 'Full English Breakfast' at this exact point in time. This time next year it may well have shifted and hash browns suddenly become unpopular - who knows?

Americans do eat baked beans. Heinz brand beans aren't sold in the states.

steveastrouk (author)CarolineFB2017-04-02

As an expat connoisseur, Heinz DO sell baked beans in the USA. The nearest product is the vegetarian bean, but Wegmans, which is a major chain in the North East sells real English Heinz beans, and hp sauce

CarolineFB (author)steveastrouk2017-04-02

You are correct. They're sold in the "International" aisle and cost twice as much as commonly sold brands.

steveastrouk (author)CarolineFB2017-04-02

English style beans are, but Heinz have regular US style ones, and their veggie beans are closest of the US versions

ithica2012 (author)CarolineFB2017-04-02

Heinz are sold states side but are regional not national living in pa they are common out side pa not so much.

I stand corrected! .... Heinz is by far the most tasty here in UK.

"Did you know Americans don't eat baked beans?"....Where did you get that idea??? We most certainly DO eat baked beans!

I stand corrected!

England was born in 821 on April 23rd - St George's Day
Scotland was born in 843
Wales was born in 844. Note that 'Wales' means 'stranger', but the Welse word for Wales, Cymru, means 'friends' or 'countrymen'

RodM26 (author)Tecwyn Twmffat2017-04-02

Hi All,

I agree on the hash browns, but my family has always had tomatoes, but the tinned variety. A left over from the War, maybe? the tea did always depend on ones origins! And of course, there must be Coleman's English Mustard, not the yellow weak stuff, usually served in the USA!

DanC66 (author)lapeyrouse2017-04-02

Hash browns are just the American pretenders to a rosti. An old girlfriend was from Germany and she made a similar Saxon regional fried potato cake too, except it had flour and eggs.

I guess we're talking alternatives to bubble and squeak, except BLEUGH! Boiled cabbage!

Tecwyn Twmffat (author)DanC662017-04-02

Mmmmmm ...... boiled cabbage ..... YUM!

Not with a hangover! ;-)

MickyZ (author)2017-04-02

.Marketing ring any bells? Of course there are factors but....

MickyZ (author)2017-04-02

They don't grow tea in Yorkshire.....

Gareth0123 (author)MickyZ2017-04-02

Actually they do: there are a couple of small scale low volume Tea growers/producers. There are a few in Scotland and one or two in Cornwell.

scotdancer (author)MickyZ2017-04-02

Every region in Britain has its own blend of teas, it's all about the local water which tea tastes better. It may not be as prevalent now with the supermarkets but when I was growing up every grocer prided himself on his blend. Some became so popular that they were mass produced.

Tecwyn Twmffat (author)MickyZ2017-04-02

I'm sure they will do once global warming kicks in.

Gareth0123 (author)2017-04-02

English (Colman's) Mustard is acceptable on a Full English Breakfast, but Hash Browns are not. Although if you must have something potato based then it must be Bubble & Squeak.

As for the Tea, Yorkshire Tea pales into insignificance in comparison to either PG tips or Diplomat Tea.

Surrey-Yeti (author)2017-04-02


Thick-cut dry-cure smoked bacon for my preference

JRvZ (author)2017-04-02

use only Koo baked beans and All Gold Tomato sauce

joweeks (author)2017-04-02

this brought back a memory of me not liking a salty tomato and giving it to my mom in Britain

mmsnow (author)2017-04-02

This brought back fond memories of the 7 years we lived in North Yorkshire. We traveled the U.K. extensively and I had the full English breakfast at every opportunity. Your Instructable is tempting me to try making it myself. Currently living in Yuma Arizona in the USA I have seen all of the ingredients in my local supermarket except for the black pudding, which I was never fond of

Tecwyn Twmffat (author)mmsnow2017-04-02

Go for it! It's quite fun juggling all the 14 ingredients so that they are all simultaneously cooked and still hot for serving up.

rustykettle (author)2017-04-02

One tip - to cook the baked beans, heat a small amount of cooking oil in a frying pan (skillet), when hot add the beans & stir in some nice seasoning like chilli powder or cayenne pepper, cook for about 30 secs, don't let too much liquid evaporate, and you have a much thicker, tastier mess of beans than just straight from the can.


Hmmmmmm .... Nice!

rainsbury (author)2017-04-02


It has to be thick white bread. That hipster brown rubbish with floor sweepings in it is just wrong on all levels. :-)

Tecwyn Twmffat (author)rainsbury2017-04-02

I strongly disagree!

rainsbury (author)Tecwyn Twmffat2017-04-02

Wholemeal is just about acceptable with Salad or advocado and seafood, but not for ECB. Everything else has a soft easy to eat texture, grainy bread stands out a mile and doesn't work. Try orderng it at any builders cafe and see what the answer is :-) Mind you I am extremly biased, I hate wholemeal bread, it smells rotten to me.

About This Instructable




Bio: Ugly pirate roaming the seas in search of Treasure.
More by Tecwyn Twmffat:☠Weedinator Part 2: Satellite Navigation☠☠Weedinator Part 1: Drive Mechanism☠Arduino Cell Phone 4G Signal Booster / Repeater Part 1
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