Introduction: Geiger Counter Triggered LED Decorations


Bored of blinky lights that blink in response to time?
Make them blink with space instead!

This instructable shows a quick method for connecting LED tree decorations to a Geiger counter via arduino, so that the lights blink between different strings each time radiation is detected.

It's nicer to think of this as "cosmic rays" than some of the other possibilities...





What you'll need:
  • A Geiger counter with pulse output (I'm using the Gieger counter from MightyOhm)
  • A few strings of battery-operated LED decorations (I'm using stars and snowflake decorations from Poundland, 'cos you gotta love dem luminous spheres of plasma and dem frozen supercooled cloud droplets)
  • Arduino-based microcontroller (either a proper development board, or I'm using a stripboard bare bones version)
  • Female header (two or three sockets' worth)
  • Batteries/alternative power supply for your Geiger counter and Arduino
  • Assortment of connecting wires (either jumper leads or multi-core stuff to solder)
  • Soldering equipment, wire cutters, wire strippers etc.
  • Maybe a spare LED for testing, insulation tape...

Step 1: The Geiger Counter

The Geiger counter from MightyOhm includes a pulse output :

The PULSE connector (J6) has the following pinout:

1. VCC (nominally 3V)

2. pulse output – a short (100us) active high pulse every time the geiger tube fires

3. GND
 

 

Geiger counter triggered decorations

We need to connect the GND pin (the one on the right) with a ground pin on our arduino and the pulse output (middle) with a pin on the arduino so we can detect the detections.

Cut 3 sockets' worth of female header. (You can get away with two if you have to.)

Cut yourself two lengths of wire long enough to reach between your Geiger counter and your arduino. It's helpful to have two different colours, but not essential. I'm something of a traditionalist and have used black for ground and red for the pulse output...

Solder the ground wire to one of the outer pins and the pulse wire to the middle pin.

This assembly should fit nicely onto the male pins on the Geiger counter:

Geiger counter triggered decorations

Step 2: The Arduino

Now we need to connect the other end of those wires to the microcontroller.

Geiger counter triggered decorations

I grabbed an old stripboard version I had lying around.

There are various instructions available online for making these, I remember referring to the Standalone Arduino / ATMega chip on breadboard instructable and the ITP Setting up an Arduino on a breadboard tutorial.

It was a lot of learning ago, so don't copy my wiring! If I were to start from scratch I'd do it like the schematic included in the images...

Connect the pulse output wire to pin 12 and ground to GND


Step 3: Test It

Now's a good time to check the arduino is reading the pulses from the Geiger counter...

I'm still learning the basics of coding. Mostly from Garry. He showed me how to do this bit!

Connect an LED between pin 13 and gnd of the microcontroller (if your board doesn't already have an integrated one).

Upload the following code to your microcontroller:


const int geigerPin = 12; // connected to pulse out of Geiger counter, grounds connected too

void setup() {
pinMode(geigerPin, INPUT);
}

int led = LOW;
void loop() {
    int val = digitalRead(geigerPin);
    while (val == LOW) {
         // do what ever happens when there is no signal
         val = digitalRead(geigerPin);
    }
    // got the start of a pulse, so do something appropriate
 
    // toggle the LED so that you can see things working
    digitalWrite(13, led);
    led = !led;
  
    while (val == HIGH) {
         // wait for pulse to end, 100us is a long time for an Arduino
         val = digitalRead(geigerPin);
    }
    // pulse finished
  
}


Power up the Geiger counter and the arduino, check they are connected properly, and you should see the LED toggle on or off each time the Geiger counter detects some radiation.

Assuming all is now working as it should, we're going to need MORE LEDS!

Step 4: The LEDs

I'm using three strings of cheap, battery-powered LED lights.

Chop the battery boxes off the ends of the strings and solder in any extension wire that may be necessary (have a think about where the Geiger counter and arduino will sit, and where you want your lights to be).

Geiger counter triggered decorations

If you've added in extensions, make sure you insulate the joins with tape to prevent any short circuits later.

You won't need the battery box, so put it aside for when it Might Come In Useful.

Your LED strings will only light up if the ground and positive wires are connected the right way around. Do some quick tests with a battery if you need to and gather all the ground wires together. Attach them to a GND pin on your microcontroller. (I soldered them in one clump to a suitable track on the strip board.)


Geiger counter triggered decorations

Connect one each of the positive wires to PWM pins 9, 10 and 11 of the arduino.
Here's the pin mapping if you're working with a stripboard version: http://www.arduino.cc/en/Hacking/PinMapping168

At this point you could try some test code to check the LED strings are all working ok...

Step 5: The Code

I attached the LEDs to PWM pins because I wanted to be able to control the brightness.
This code just does a straight cut between strings, but I'd like to add a fade or a cross-dissolve in later versions...

Upload the following code to your microcontroller:


const int geigerPin = 12; // connected to pulse out of Geiger counter, grounds connected too

int lights = 1; //counter for strings

int lights1 = 9;  //define pins the LEDs are connected to
int lights2 = 10;
int lights3 = 11;

int bright1 = 200;  //set brightness, 0-255
int bright2 = 200;
int bright3 = 200;

void setup() {
Serial.begin(9600); //Use serial for debugging
 
    pinMode(geigerPin, INPUT); //set pins to inputs and outputs
    pinMode(lights1, OUTPUT);
    pinMode(lights2, OUTPUT);
    pinMode(lights3, OUTPUT);
   
     analogWrite(lights1, bright1); //switch on string 1
     analogWrite(lights2, 0);
     analogWrite(lights3, 0);
     Serial.println("setup");
   
}

int led = LOW;
void loop() {
    int val = digitalRead(geigerPin);
    while (val == LOW) {
         // do what ever happens when there is no signal
         val = digitalRead(geigerPin);
    }
    // got the start of a pulse, so do something appropriate
  
    // I'd toggle an LED so that you can see things working
    digitalWrite(13, led);
    led = !led;
   
    Serial.println("LOW");
   
    while (val == HIGH) {
         // wait for pulse to end, 100us is a long time for an Arduino
         val = digitalRead(geigerPin);
    }
    // pulse finished
         lights ++;  //increment the counter to move onto the next string
    if (lights == 1){
     analogWrite(lights1, bright1); //turn on string 1
     analogWrite(lights2, 0);
     analogWrite(lights3, 0);
         Serial.println("lights1");
   }
     if (lights == 2){
     analogWrite(lights1, 0);
     analogWrite(lights2, bright2); //turn on string 2
     analogWrite(lights3, 0);
              Serial.println("lights2");
   }
    if (lights == 3){
     analogWrite(lights1, 0);
     analogWrite(lights2, 0);
     analogWrite(lights3, bright3); //turn on string 3
              Serial.println("lights3");
    
     lights = 0; //reset the counter

   }  
              Serial.println(lights);
   
}



Plug in, switch on, find a plant to decorate :)

Step 6: The Results

Geiger counter triggered decorations

Geiger counter triggered decorations

Geiger counter triggered decorations

Geiger counter triggered decorations

Geiger counter triggered decorations

Comments

author
13thvulture (author)2011-12-26

just don't give a anyone an atomic warhead or a cellphone for christmas if they have this, it will ruin the surprise.

author
Silence (author)2011-12-26

So the faster the lights blink, the more you should be worried about whats under the tree :P
Christmas at ground Zero
PS118 beat me to it, but the video isn't available in my country :P

author
Treknology (author)Silence2011-12-26

I wouldn't be so worried about who got there first. If all the lights appear to be on at the same time, move house--VERY QUICKLY.

author
PS118 (author)2011-12-21

Finally! The perfect decoration for "Christmas at Ground Zero". :)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t039p6xqutU

author
kelseymh (author)2011-12-20

Hey, hey, hey! That's "luminous spheres of self-sustaining nuclear fusion" to you, buddy!

This is extremely awesome (and physics, too :-). I just wish the G-M kit was less expensive -- you could drive each strand from a separate counter, and have a muon-telescope (or air shower detector) tree!

author
nikkipugh (author)kelseymh2011-12-21

I stand corrected and will use the correct term of address in future :)

*adds "2 x Geiger counter and a packet of muons" to Santa's list*

About This Instructable

10,400views

50favorites

License:

Bio: Artist, perpetual protovator. Don't mistake me for someone who actually knows stuff!
More by nikkipugh:Star Jar Geiger counter triggered LED decoration (2012 remix)Making a 'pink fluffeh what giggles' giggle againStripboard Arduino shield for programming ATtiny45 and ATtiny85
Add instructable to: