• Use gloves when handling hot peppers.
• If the Capsaicin (which is what makes the heat in Chilies) gets in your eyes you will be miserable for a while.
Capsaicin affects epithelial tissue especially in the non keratinized epithelium in the mouth, esophagus, nose, and eyes.
- What increases the heat?
• Water washes away the oils or mucus that protects tissues and so will increase the heat from Capsaicin.
• Anything that is salty or contains alcohol will increase the heat as well.
- What decreases the heat?
• The fat in Cold milk bring the Capsaicin into solution and thus decrease a burning sensation (and according to Wikipedia caseins in milk have a detergent effect bringing capsaicin into solution to disolve it).
• Cold sugar solution (10%) at 20 °C (68 °F) is almost as effective.