Introduction: Give Your Loved One a Real "fallen Star".

Picture of Give Your Loved One a Real "fallen Star".

Several times every year, the sky falls in.

Well, bits of it do - regular and predictable meteor showers happen all round the world, leaving burning trails across the sky as friction burns them away to nothing.

Or does it?

It may be romantic to name an anonymous dot in the sky after your loved one, but how about catching a real "fallen star" for them?

Step 1: What You Need:

Picture of What You Need:
I'm sure you've realised that, when I say "fallen star", I really mean "meteorite". You hadn't? Well, you do now.

To catch the meteorites, you will need:

  • Magnets in a plastic bag
  • String

To view the meteorites, you will need:

  • A pair of non-magnetic forceps or tweezers - it is possible to manage with nimble fingers, but you are more likely to lose any interesting samples.
  • A microscope slide, preferably with a concave depression to stop things rolling away.
  • Clear nail varnish or "super" glue (CA glue, crazy glue)
  • A narrow-nibbed permanent marker.
  • A microscope.

Step 2: To Catch Your Meteorite

Picture of To Catch Your Meteorite
First, you need a meteor shower. There are several showers every year, and numerous online calenders such as this simple one or this more detailed one to allow you to plan your fishing trip. Another useful site is http://www.spaceweather.com , which also has details of comets that could give rise to new showers.

To make things even more romantic, you could choose a shower that falls on or near a significant date, such as the date you met, your loved-one's birthday or the date you intend to marry.

(As I type, the Quadrantid shower has just passed its peak.)

You then need rain.

When a meteor enters our atmosphere, it is travelling at anything up to 71,000 ms-1 (about Mach 10, speeds otherwise known as really, really fast). Friction with the atmosphere brightly burns the meteor away to almost nothing. What remains is meteoric dust.

This dust can hang around in the atmosphere for days, or even months, unless it encounters a cloud. At that point, the dust particles act as nucleation particles - they provide a point for water vapour to condense and form a rain-drop.

So, in the days during and shortly after meteor showers, you need to keep an eye out for puddles that have collected plenty of water, but preferably away from streets and car-parks (where the puddles will be heavily contaminated with particles of rust).

Put your magnets in your bag and tie the neck shut with one end of the string.

Hold the other end of the string and drag the bag back and forth through the puddle, stirring up the silt.

If you don't want to wait for rain, you can always go fishing for "real".

All you need to do is find a body of water that has been collecting rainwater without moving very much. They should also be in a location where rust and rubbish are unlikely to have been dumped in the water - a garden pond is ideal.

The only problem is that you will not know when the micrometeorites fell.

  • If you want to put a bit more effort into your collection, you could fish about in your gutters for magnetic particles (months or years of rain will have left them there), or set up a rain-barrel to be fed directly from a large roof and allow you to fish about in the barrel whenever you wish (perhaps collecting weekly samples to provide a glimpse of the annual cycle of meteor showers hitting this world we call Home).

When you are fed up with fishing, turn the bag inside out as you peel it off the magnets (trapping any meteorites inside) and take it to your shed laboratory. If your fishing hole is some distance from home, you will find it easier to put the bag of magnets into another bag to carry it back, then deal with it there.

(A small warning - don't put the pot full of magnets in a pocket near your wallet. Magnets do unpleasantly permanent things to credit cards.)

Step 3: Observing Your Catch.

Picture of Observing Your Catch.
Back at the shed laboratory, lift the bag back out of the pot and use the forceps to pluck particles from inside the inside-out bag (remember - you turned the bag inside out) and place them on the microscope slide.

You could use your fingers, but the particles are more likely to stay stuck to your fingers and be lost.

Place the slide under the microscope and look.

  • Start with the stage lowered and the smallest objective lens selected.
  • Raise the stage slowly to bring the particles into focus.
  • Gently manoeuvre the slide to bring any likely-looking candidates into the middle of the viewing area before increasing the magnification.
  • If you need to move particles around on the slide, do not use a normal needle or pin - time spent stuck to the magnets will have magnetised the particles so that they stick to the needle, and needles are often naturally magnetised as well. Use a splinter of wood or a brush-bristle to move things.

Identifying micrometeorites.


You have done the first step, selecting iron particles with your magnet.

Next, you are looking for signs of melting - your particle should look like a frozen black or grey droplet, probably with a pitted surface. You may be lucky and get an almost spherical drop.

If the particle is reddish-brown and flaky-looking, or with lots of spiky corners, you have probably just found a speck of rust.

Unfortunately, I have not been able to take decent photos of the micrometeorites I found through my microscope lens, so here are a few micrometeorite images from the Net:

http://www.comune.pisa.it/apsn/Minerali/meteo.htm

My pig-latin translations of the captions are:

"Micrometeorite non sferica" = non-spherical micrometeorite
"Micrometeoriti magnetizzate" = magnetic micrometeorite
"Micrometeoriti ferrosa e vetrosa" = iron and glassy micrometeorites
"Micrometeorite cava" = micrometeorite with a dent.

Step 4: Preserving and Presenting Your Catch

Picture of Preserving and Presenting Your Catch
Now that you have found your micrometeorites, you need to preserve them so that you can give them as a gift.

The first thing to do is to leave the slide alone. You want the micrometeorites to dry out, but if you use any sort of blowing to dry them, you run the very real risk of them blowing away.

Stand the slide somewhere warm, horizontal and draught-free. On a radiator is good, or on a clear shelf in an airing cupboard. If you're in a rush, hold the slide by one corner and rest it a-top a lit tungsten bulb.

When the slide is dry, the micrometeorites need fixing and protecting from water. There are "proper" preservative agents you can buy from specialist suppliers, but two very suitable alternatives are "super" glue or clear nail-varnish. I would probably recommend the glue, as it is less likely to trap bubbles of air.

Being very careful, add a drop of glue (if your varnish is in a container that won't drip, use a needle or pin, dipped into the varnish to pick up a single drop of varnish) to each of the micrometeorites you have identified, and leave it to dry.

When it is dry, use the permanent marker to label the slide with the details of what it is, and why it is significant - Fallen stars gathered from the birthsign of my darling.

  • To present your slide, use photo album corners to fix it inside an appropriate card, or online scientific stores and certain auction sites sell card packs that will hold a single slide. If you want to make more of a fuss of the gift, you can cut a rectangular hole in a piece of mounting board and present the slide framed - your loved one will then be able to hang your gift on the wall, even if they can't view them properly with a microscope.

Comments

Goodhart (author)2009-12-12

You then need rain.

I would suppose that "snow" would do just as well
 
Kiteman (author)Goodhart2009-12-12

I'm not sure - the idea is that the rain washes the meteorites into a convenient place to catch them.

Maybe you can check the melt-water from a roof or a drainage ditch?


wcamammoths (author)Kiteman2016-02-07

That's not really the reason that you do this after rain. In order for a rain drop to form, you need a "nucleation site" for the condensation to begin. In the atmosphere, that can be dust, dirt, pollution . . . or micrometeorites. Each drop of rain has a nucleation site in it. So, if you catch rain, some of the nucleation sites will be micrometeorites and then you can collect them with a magnet in a puddle. It's the same way that mentos and diet coke works. The mentos are nucleation sites for the bubbles to form. It's also the reason why you have to seed a sugar solution with a sugar crystal to grow rock candy. The small crystal is the nucleation site to grow large crystals. Snow also requires nucleation sites, so it should work too.

Kiteman (author)wcamammoths2016-02-08

I think you misunderstood - it's the flowing rain, collecting dense material in a convenient location.

Goodhart (author)Kiteman2009-12-12
Sure,  even a rain barrel, catching melted snow might work (using the whole roof as a gathering area, but adding its own "particles" to the mix at the same time. )
 
Kiteman (author)Goodhart2009-12-13

True.

In fact, if you already have a rainbarrel, it may have been collecting them for several years, and already have a small collection in its depths!

Goodhart (author)Kiteman2009-12-13
And,  I am thinking that, at this time of year, if it would snow during or shortly after one, I may be able to just gather some snow off the ground.  Since it appears it is going to be too cloudy to see it again this year.
 
xilefakamot (author)Goodhart2010-05-01

I'd have thought that micrometeorites would make a good nucleation centre for ice - so surely there'd be more in snow?

Goodhart (author)xilefakamot2010-05-02
I suppose for the smaller ones......
 
Xerxes09 (author)2012-02-27

This is AWESOME! Thanks KiteMan for adding this

Kiteman (author)Xerxes092012-02-28

Thank *you* for the kind comment!

stormy0314 (author)2012-02-19

I haven't read all of the replies, so disregard if someone posted this earlier. I read an article that said get a large pasteboard/cardboard box, cover the bottom with white paper or cardboard and put it in an open space, not covered, but protected, and leave it there for a while. The best time is during a meteor shower, about every two months, in the even months. The little black spots recovered are probably meteorites. Remember that tons of space particles hit the earth daily.

iminthebathroom (author)2011-11-18

I am going to run this all winter, setting up a meteorite trap in a secluded space, then see what shows up in the spring.

Kiteman (author)iminthebathroom2011-11-19

Excellent!

arpruss (author)2011-08-28

I wish I knew how to verify with greater reliability whether they are micrometeorites. Anyway, here are some I found. The first one was a nice spherical one I lost. The third one is pretty but I am dubious if it's extraterrestrial. The second and third photos are at much higher magnification. In reality, they're as big as or smaller than the ball in the first photo. That's my excuse for even poorer focus. The photos were taken with point and shoot cameras hand-held to microscope eyepieces, with some loose-fitting adapters to make it easier. The first photo was with a Sony P100 through the 10X Huygens eyepiece that the microscope came with. The second and third photos were with a Canon G7 through a Rini 30mm telescope eyepiece, using my home-made telescope-to-microscope eyepiece adapter.

Kiteman (author)arpruss2011-08-28

The second image definitely looks meteoric to me - melted and then cooled in free-fall.

arpruss (author)Kiteman2011-08-28

The last one has a bit of a melted look, but it didn't come through on the photo. The ball in the first one may be too uniform.

Kiteman (author)arpruss2011-08-28

Yes, the first one may be molten iron from an earthly source, left in the ground for years before you fished it out with a magnet.

arpruss (author)2011-08-27

Today I tried using superglue to preserve a micrometeorite, but it crystallized in that nasty white way. I cleaned it off with acetone, and then just preserved them by putting them on a slide under a cover slip and taping the slip on.

Actually, I think it would look better on some white plastic rather than on glass--they looked better under the microscope when I put white cardboard under the slide. I was using a flashlight (and later reflected sunlight) to illuminate the slide.

I also found a nice trick for picking them up. You wet a toothpick with acetone. (Rubbing alcohol might work, too.) They stick for transit while the toothpick is wet, and come off easily because the acetone dries quickly.

Kiteman (author)arpruss2011-08-27

Cool, thanks for that.

Alex Dee (author)2010-12-06

is that acually a meteorite Kiteman

Kiteman (author)Alex Dee2010-12-06

Yup.

I'll have to do this again - I have some stronger magnets now.

Alex Dee (author)Kiteman2010-12-07

how is it posible though it looks really hard to do because i would like to do it but i dont have a pond

Kiteman (author)Alex Dee2010-12-07

Hey, boy at the back!

Have you actually *read* the instructions? Like, the bit in step two that mentions puddles?

Alex Dee (author)Kiteman2010-12-08

Now i have thankyou

knex_mepalm (author)2010-09-12

Daddy, it went in my eye.

Kiteman (author)2009-08-30

Thank you.

Goodhart (author)Kiteman2009-12-12
I wonder why he deleted his comment or why it was deleted? 
 
Kiteman (author)Goodhart2009-12-12

I have no idea - I presume it was a complementary comment, but he wasn't called "DELETED_DELETED_HIVLTGE" back then...

Goodhart (author)Kiteman2009-12-12
Ok, well then, consider this a complimentary bump  ;-) 
 
fodo (author)2009-05-06

that's a metamorphic rock

Hunter4000695 (author)2009-05-02

It looks like a Iron Meteorite or a Chondrite. But a meteorite of that size would have made a big crater. Etleast 40ft across and 20ft deep.

iPodGuy (author)2009-02-12

Whoa. Fav'd.

Kiteman (author)iPodGuy2009-02-12

Thanks!

Kiteman (author)2009-01-18

How did you make that?

Braeburn (author)Kiteman2009-01-18

i found it

Braeburn (author)Braeburn2009-01-18

it is also really heavy for it's size

Kiteman (author)Braeburn2009-01-18

It doesn't look like a meteorite - it doesn't look melted. Is it magnetic?

Braeburn (author)Kiteman2009-01-18

a little bit, and from a real life perspective it does look melted, I have a bad camera...

NachoMahma (author)Braeburn2009-01-18

. Most meteorites of that size that I've seen (admittedly not many) have been pocked/pitted. That looks like a piece of igneous (or maybe metamorphic) rock to me.

SKYNET 2.0 (author)NachoMahma2009-02-10

looks like a piece of jasper or obsidian.

Choko-Ale (author)2009-01-18

Great idea! I will have to try it ;) Nice instructable.

kelseymh (author)2008-12-10

Congratulations! You're in the MAKE blog for December!

Kiteman (author)kelseymh2008-12-11

Cool, thanks for spotting that!

femonky (author)2008-12-10

Kinda reverses the order of the popular song...
Catch a falling star
put it in your pocket
save it for a rainy day...

Kiteman (author)femonky2008-12-10

Haha, that's so true.

tsaman (author)2008-12-10

This is a really neat instructable! I like the way you've written it, but on a purely "geeky" level, how cool is this?! I'm thinking that my Cub Scouts would just LOVE this - finding micro-meteorites in puddles! What a great idea!

Kiteman (author)tsaman2008-12-10

Thank you - I did it with my Science club, and it was popular at all levels (from "yeh! mud" all the way up to "cool, extra-terrestrial debris").

GorillazMiko (author)2008-04-06

Your fingers are as red as a red firetruck.

what color is a red firetruck?

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