Instructables
When you take a picture you look through the view finder to make sure that the things you want to be in your picture are in the frame. After all, you don't want to cut off anybody's head or leave any one out of a group photo. But there is more to framing a photo than just making sure everything is inside the frame. If you want to take a more pleasing photo, you should also consider how the objects in your photo, called the subjects, are placed. This is called composition.

When framing a stationary subject while composing a photo or video screen shot, your natural tendency will be to put the subject right in the center of the shot. But you can create a much more dynamic and interesting photo by shifting your subject off center. One way to compose an image is to use the "Rule of Thirds" to place subjects in visually stimulating locations in your frame.

There are different ways of using the Rule of Thirds, which are based upon something called the Golden Ratio. These ratios can be found in many objects we consider to be visually attractive and beautiful. The whorls of a shell, the symmetry of a face, and the petals of a flower all exhibit these ratios in some way. Famous photographers use these ratios to frame and compose photos that are timeless and beautiful.

In this experiment, you can investigate how often famous works of photographic art obey these rules of composition. You will make templates for different arrangements of the Rule of Thirds and use them to score famous photos. Do the most famous photos obey or break the rules?
 
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Step 1: Terms and Concepts

To do this type of experiment you should know what the following terms mean. Have an adult help you search the internet, or take you to your local library to find out more!
  •     composition
  •     subject
  •     framing
  •     background
  •     Golden Ratio
  •     Rule of Thirds

Step 2: Materials and Equipment

Picture of Materials and Equipment
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  • permanent markers
  • transparency film
  • a book of famous photos
Phil B1 year ago
Another interesting exercise is to make a pair of "L"-shaped pieces for cropping a photo. Place them on an image and see how many ways that image could be cropped to produce other pleasing images. It is a way of training yourself to "see" pictures around you.
While these are good basic principles, I'm going to argue that a lot of "Great" images do not follow the "rules". It's important and interesting to understand these guidelines, and it certainly helps to look at other people's work but in the end the creative process should be FUN. In my book there are only 2 rules.

1) Know your equipment - Different cameras work in different ways, it's important to get to know how your particular camera does things, and you certainly don't need complicated and expensive equipment to take interesting and creative pictures.

2) Enjoy using it - Have fun, play with the settings, do things differently, and see what you like about the resulting images.
randofo1 year ago
Perhaps you can demonstrate some more of these principles with photos that you have taken?