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This has been Revised a little bit because some people have had a little trouble with the original. Even I had a few bad batches. The main differences are the times in the microwave. Follow the instructions carefully and you should end up with an almost 100% foolproof batch of Mozzarella Cheese

If you like fresh home made Mozzarella Cheese then try out this Instructable. If you have never had fresh Mozzarella Cheese, try it out any way. There is a world of difference between the packages stuff you buy in the store and the cheese you make yourself. It will only take a couple hours out of your life but it will be well worth it.

There are a lot of recipes on the internet but a lot of them seem to skip an important step or 2 or don't really explain it well enough, so I have made many batches through trial and error combining things that I have learned and experimented with (so you don't have to) and come up with this recipe that seems to work real good.

There are also a lot of recipes out there saying make Mozzarella Cheese in 30 minutes. Realistically, it ain't gonna happen if you want to do it right. Plan on it taking about an hour and a half to 2 hours. As you make more batches you can cut it down to maybe an hour or so.

I use whole milk for mine but you should be able to use skimmed, 1%, or 2% milk also. If you have access to farm fresh milk your even better off and I'm jealous. You can also use goat, buffalo or camel milk.

Step 1: Equipment you will need:

Equipment:
1. At least an 8 quart pot either enameled or stainless steel. (Do not use aluminum, cast iron or other reactive pots)
2. Thermometer. (A candy thermometer will probably work but a good digital thermometer is much better for accuracy.)
3. A couple measuring cups or something to dissolve the Citric Acid and Rennet in.
4. A big strainer to strain the Curds from the Whey.
5. A long sharp knife to cut the Curds up with.
6. A slotted spoon to stir the Curds and dip them out with.
7. Large bowl for the drained off Whey. (Glass is best)
8. Small bowl to put the Curds in. (Glass is best)
9. Microwave

Optional:
10. Nylon netting for draining Curds. (I use this with the strainer. You can get this stuff at most fabric stores. It is just nylon netting. Get the plain white and probably not the colored stuff)
11. Plain white cloth if you want to make Ricotta Cheese with the Whey that is left over.
12. Small strainer to dip out the curds.

Ingredients:
1. 1 gallon Milk. Let the milk set out either in the gallon container or in the pot until it gets to about 50 degrees. (I have only used whole milk, although you can also use 2% or skimmed milk. Do not use ultra-homogenized milk though. If you are lucky enough to get milk fresh from the farm, that's even better)
2. 1 Rennet tablet crushed. (The Rennet tablet is used to coagulate the milk. You can also use liquid Rennet if you can get it. You can get The Rennet tablets at a lot of specialty or smaller stores and it is usually in the pudding aisle or in the Ice Cream section with the chocolate, nuts and stuff. About $2.00)
3. 2 teaspoons Citric Acid divided. 1 teaspoon is dissolved in water and the other one is sprinkled directly into the milk. (The citric acid is what gives the cheese it's stretch. Get it at some health food stores for around $4.00 for 4 ounces or at a pharmacy which can cost $12.00 to $14.00)
4. 1/2 cup water divided in 2. (Do not use chlorinated water. Bottled water is fine.)
5. 1 - 2 teaspoons salt.
<p>Hi, your recipe looks really good and I'd like to try it. But for one thing, we only get liquid rennet in Holland. Any ideas how to convert the amount needed?</p>
<p>From other recipes I've seen, 1/4 tsp = 1/4 tablet and is good for 1 gallon milk. </p>
Thank you for looking that up, that's very helpful
<p>Can I substitute the citric acid..? I can't find any around here...</p>
<p>In some places its called &quot;sour salt&quot;. If you look close on the label of the sour salt, it should say citric acid. You can probably substitute lemon juice or vinegar, but I have no idea of the proportions so you'll have to check some cheese making forums.</p>
<p>Vitamin C is citric acid, so you can go that route if needed.</p>
<p>No, vitamin c is ascorbic acid.</p>
<p>Amazon.com has it.</p>
<p>i dont know where you live ZeeaR but you should be able to get Citric Acid in amy Supermarket. It is usually with the baking goods section, such as Bicarbonate Soda, Baking Powder etc. Here in Australia i buy McKenzies brand. Good luck </p>
<p>Attempted this over the weekend. Rousing success! I did some things a little different.</p><p>I used raw milk (it's legal in PA). Will try with store-bought milk for the next batch and save raw milk batches for special occasions (it's about $8/gallon).</p><p>Rather than cutting the cheese in the pot, I just kept heating it until 105F and then turned it off and let it rest for about 10-15 minutes. </p><p>With the intention of heating it in the pot rather than the microwave, I added a little less than 1T salt to the whey and started to heat it. I ended up being impatient and used the microwave to heat the curds to stretch. The bowl I heated it in also had some whey so when I needed to re-heat the curds, the whey was still hot enough to use.</p><p>When I was done stretching, I dumped the leftover whey back into the pot and brought it to a boil for the ricotta step.</p><p>The ricotta I made is to the left, the mozz is right next to it. </p>
So I know I'm late on this but I just would like to put in my 2 cents. I am a professional cheese maker. Specifically pecorino. Now that means I make cheese day in aND day out (or rather 2 days out of the week). Garimau is absolutely incorrect with her recipe. So that said, please don't follow it if you want real mozzarella. I'm sure it's good but not mozzarella.
<p>I'm about to try to make mozzarella - if this isn't a &quot;good&quot; recepie, do you have a link to one that is?</p>
<p>Go ahead with this recipe. I made it over the weekend and it turned out great!</p>
<p>Hi there, </p><p>thank you for all the below info, may i ask what quantity you use for the below method?</p>
<p>Hi there, </p><p>thank you for all the below info, may i ask what quantity you use for the below method?</p>
<p>I process over 50 gallons of milk a week into Mozzarella and I have made ever possible mistake you can make. My process is a bit different but how you are doing it seems to work for you. There are so many variables going on when people fail at this cheese its hard to say what they do wrong unless you are there watching them. However here are a few tidbits of info to help you guys along. </p><p>How the milk was pasteurized means a great deal for the end product. Ultra pasteurized milk (shelf stable stuff usually in a box) is useless and wont work. Any milk pasteurized over 160F will not work, or make it nearly impossible. The best milk is raw but raw milk is a bog no-no, no matter what the Internets tell you. Milk pasteurized at 145F and held there for 30 min works the best, but I pasteurize all our milk at 161F for 1 min. Improper heating during this process is a critical detail, so if you are getting milk from the store, you have no idea how they did it, slow heat, held heat or flash heated. </p><p>Whole milk will make milky mozzarella. The more it is skimmed the firmer and dryer it is. This is also a critical detail if you are aiming for cheese you can form into a block and slice. WHole milk mozz wont do this very well, and total skim milk will make something akin to brick cheese. it all melts so it comes down to how much milky you want in a mozz.</p><p>The citric acid is another important detail. Not enough will result in a sticky sllime ball, and too much will result in a pot full of what is called &quot;squeeky cheese&quot; curds, which actually are really good fried as they wont melt. When you get the citric acid level just right, you get good stretchy cheese.</p><p>The microwave is the step I dont use. What I do is heat a pot of water up to 150-160F and have it on hand to heat the curd ball. drop it in, wait a few seconds and take it out, youll see the cheese go smooth and stretchy. You can dunk and reheat it all you like.</p><p>Stretching the cheese is important, but not to make it melt, but to work the whey out of it. when its been pulled enough, it will be smooth and firm like hot taffy. Roll it into a ball, or as we do it drop it in a bowl or a container and use it as a form. Once cold it will be firm and easy to slice or grate.</p><p>Rennet is also very critical. Not enough, and the curd wont form to a clean break. Too much will give you a rubber ball. Vegetable rennet tends to work much better than animal rennet. Be wary of the label, some rennet liquid says 1/4 tsp sets 2 gal, others say 1/6 tsp. This will throw your chemistry off enough to make you swear and curse. Junket rennet is not for cheese so avoid it.</p><p>The process in this instructable will work fine, as everyone here has seen. But doing it a little different works also. The way we do it (and we process out 4 to 8 pounds a day...) is as follows, varying amounts depending on how much you make.</p><p>Heat the milk to 60F. Slowly stir in the citric acid, that has been dissolved in a cup of warm water. If you have the correct amount, as you heat the milk you will see it not change much, other than a few flecks of curd forming on the spoon. This is a sign you have the citric acid level right for that particular milk. on a med heat we get the milk up to 88F and then stir in the rennet, that was diluted in a cup of very cool almost cold water (50F to be picky about it). Do not stir it very much, as the curd knits stirring it will give you a pit of fine rice like curds. However these often melt as the whey heats and all is Ok. Once you have the clean break, stir it slowly every now and then and heat it to 120F, and as you do take note of the curd.... if you are really lucky and you got the chemistry right, the curd will melt, and form a stringy mass in the pot.... you can lift it out of the pot with the spoon and it will stretch under its own weight off the spoon. This is an excellent sign and once you get that mess to about 115-120F you can lift it out and go right to stretching it.</p><p>I tried this instructable myself just for kicks and half the time it worked and half the time it didnt..... which is how making mozz goes for the first 100 gallons. It's a learning curve. This instructable is a fine method for making 1 gallon batches.</p>
Hey, I make pecorino. I'm working on purchasing some water buffalo to make mozzarella cheese. That said, I am looking for an education in this process. Obviously pecorino isn't mozzarella. Any way you can educate me a little more in depth than thus comment? I have a full cheese house and I use a steam boiler to heat my milk. Full 175 gallon steam vat. I would like to master the process before investing in water buffalo. Currently I'm milking 80 sheep with 30 lambs to add next year to make my cheese weekly. Processing approximately 160 pounds of pecorino a week and another 60 plus poundsize of ricotta (extra tidbit of background info)
<p> Thanks a ton for the additional information!</p><p> Do you make any other cheeses, or have any advice for additional DIY milk type products?</p><p> thanks again!</p>
<p>All methods are so complicating.. The easier way is refrigerate butter and cheese(paneer). When it becomes cool. cut their pieces and grind these in grinder. then refrigerate the paste for 2 hrs or when it becomes hard. Its Mozzarella cheese.</p><p>You can use it in pizza.</p>
<p>Hi GarimaU,</p><p>Just to set the stage, I'm a professional chef, as in, I derive a 100% of my remuneration by cooking for other people who pay for it, and I've been doing this the better part of 20 years, so lets just say I have some experience in this area.</p><p>What you mentioned: refrigerate butter and cheese, grind together and its Mozzarella is not Mozzarella. I guess you probably use Amul Butter? and local or home made cottage cheese? What you end up with is a fat enhanced cottage cheese. Sure it might melt on a (store bought) pizza base, but that doesn't make it Mozzarella by any chance, no matter the colour of the moon that evening.</p><p>Mozzarella cheese, though is a bit like paneer it its chemical makeup, however is not as stiff and is higher in 'creaminess'.</p><p>In my humble opinion, dear GarimaU, you're an ignorant woman, who probably lives in the NCR region, and you don't seem to bother to do your research before spewing out repitition, garbage and recycled rubbish.</p>
thand rakho paaji..
You can give your opinion and I can give mine.. If you don't know the easier method then don't debate unnecessary. :)<br><br>PS: A humble request too.
<p>hemantobe roi is absolutely correct. The entire premise of a mozzarella</p><p>cheese is the process which makes it mozzarella cheese. What you proposed is not a cheese, but more of a processed cheese product that would/might be fine for a quesadilla. I want low fat gooey stretchy low fat cheese for pizza and lasagna, not butter laden goo. </p>
<p>your first 3 paragraphs were really informative but then you have to ruin it in the last paragraph when you turn into an Ahole</p>
<p>I MADE CHEESE, </p><p>I can't believe how simple this was, the hardest part was converting from Fahrenheit to Celsius.</p><p>I was a little scared that I might heat it up too much in the microwave, so it took me a while to get it hot enough to all 'melt' together.</p><p>It was so good, used it all straight away on my home made pizzas :D</p>
<p>Nice job!</p>
Wow!
<p>I followed NyQuil junkies instructions worked great. I did change a few things. I add the citric acid @ 60 F ( 1.5 tsp diluted in water) the Rennet @ 85 </p><p>let sit for 15 min add the other .5 tsp citric acid sprinkle in stir lightly.</p><p>put back on the heat until it reaches 89 F pull off heat let sit 20 min</p><p>the curd forms nice. </p><p>Do not break curd just put it back on the heat when it reaches 120 F the ball should form. </p><p>Have Fun</p>
Thankyou very much for this step by step article... It works!!!
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<p>I made it! Three times now. Then I tried someone else's mozz recipe. FAIL. You're the best.</p>
<p>Hi Mike,</p><p>Thanks for a wonderful step by step recipe. I made it! It looks great. I started with a little less than a gallon of fresh farm cow milk, and used 1 tablet of rennet. Maybe a bit much. The first step of having a clean break did not happen. The stuff sank down. But, made a good recovery in later steps. Will have tp tell you again how it tastes. Thanks for such clarity in steps! </p><p>Also, making the ricotta cheese! yes its amazing what one can get from a gallon of milk!</p>
<p>Hi Mike,</p><p>Thanks for a wonderful step by step recipe. I made it! It looks great. I started with a little less than a gallon of fresh farm cow milk, and used 1 tablet of rennet. Maybe a bit much. The first step of having a clean break did not happen. The stuff sank down. But, made a good recovery in later steps. Will have tp tell you again how it tastes. Thanks for such clarity in steps! </p><p>Also, making the ricotta cheese! yes its amazing what one can get from a gallon of milk!</p>
<p>Hi Mike,</p><p>Thanks for a wonderful step by step recipe. I made it! It looks great. I started with a little less than a gallon of fresh farm cow milk, and used 1 tablet of rennet. Maybe a bit much. The first step of having a clean break did not happen. The stuff sank down. But, made a good recovery in later steps. Will have tp tell you again how it tastes. Thanks for such clarity in steps! </p><p>Also, making the ricotta cheese! yes its amazing what one can get from a gallon of milk!</p>
Out of curiosity i looked up water buffalo. It is not like our American buffalo which are actually bison, related to, but , not cattle/cows. Water buffalo are wild cattle which have been domesticated. They are bred for meat and dairy use. An actual cow not a close cousin.
Hi Garima. Somethings are a bit complicated but, well worth the effort. I followed the steps one by run without rushing or distractions. Made beautiful cheeze Im using tonight for lazagna. I make almost everything from scratch with the best ingredients I can find and/or afford. Ive had a few serious flops when even my cat poop, garbage eating dog wouldn't touch. Started as a kid cooking for a large family. Mom really appreciated.the break. Keep cooking
<p>Any tips for using other kinds of milk? Like raw water buffalo?</p>
<p>I made this and it turned out great! Then we made a pizza to go underneath. Thanks so much for the clear and thorough exposition.</p>
Steps 1-13 went beautifully, I microwaved for 15 seconds several times and never got any more whey to drain off and it never became a ball i could stretch...how can I fix it?
It is a nice recipe but it is far from being real mozzarella cheese.<br/><br/>&quot;Mozzarella&quot; (that is made of buffalo milk) and &quot;Fiordilatte&quot; (like Mozzarella but made of cow milk) are made without any chemicals but using only natural curds, and the process is a bit different.<br/><br/>Sorry I have not an English link:<br/><a rel="nofollow" href="http://www.mozzarelladibufala.org/comevienefatta.htm">http://www.mozzarelladibufala.org/comevienefatta.htm</a><br/><br/>No doubt that you can make an excellent cheese with that recipe, but just it is not Mozzarella ;)<br/>
<p>Just to clarify, rennet is used in buffalo mozzerella, as in all cheese. There's not such thing as 'natural curds' without it other than letting lactic acid from bacteria spoiling the milk and making it chunky. Even the website mentiones calf rennet. I know this comment is 7 years old, but I just stumbled across this instructable and this comment might lead someone down the wrong path. :)</p>
Actually, mozzarella made from cows' milk is still mozzarella. It's Mozzarella From Cows' Milk. I would, however, like to know how to make it without a microwave.
If you must not use a microwave for some silly reason then it could very easily be done on a double boiler.
if you look in your cheese section at the store, you can find fresh mozzarella as well as stuff like string cheese, which is the consistency you were probably expecting. Fresh mozzarella is supposed to be softer.
Well, there aren't that many water bufallos roaming around the hills of Northern California...Call me easy, but Mikes recipe is "mozzarella" enough for this homemade cheesemaking hobbyist!

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