Introduction: Grow Your Own Cooking Oil

   You want to be more self sufficient? Well here's a way to grow your own cooking oil.

Sunflower Seeds
Place to grow sunflowers
Seed oil Extractor
(plastic bottle tubing small funnel wire screen strainer)
Glass Jars


Step 1: Step One: Sunflower Seeds Buying, Growing, Harvesting

  There are two basic kinds of sunflowers, confectionery the kind you eat, and black oil. the kind you feed to birds.  The black oil sunflower seed is the kind you need. These have twice the amount of oil as the confectionery.  These seeds are easy found at almost anywhere. i bought this 40 pound bag. for $14.00.       This is enough seeds to grow as many sunflowers as you need. I used two flowerbeds on the back of the house and the back of my garage.
     And covered the beds with seeds, i had so many it was like a carpet of sunflower seeds.
  And that was it. Sunflowers grow like weeds they need little water, little room, and grow almost anywhere. And you can grow a large amount in a small space.
  Once they grow and there heads get big and full of seeds, you know when to harvest them when the pedals drop off and the head falls over. Cut off the head and store them in a plastic bucket until they dry out, then shake them the seeds come out pretty easily.
   at the end of summer you should have enough seeds to make cooking oil for the rest of the year.
Unless you deep fry a lot or something.
  But since i didn't want to wait a year to show you the seed oil extractor and how to use it i started grinding the oil out of what was left of the seeds i bought.


Step 2: Step Two: Putting Together a Seed/Nut Oil Extractor

  Seed oil extractors can be made (http://journeytoforever.org/biofuel_library/oilpress.html)
 And and sold, most are very expensive then i found the PITEBA seed oil extractor.  This is made in Holland, and is operated by hand.  i paid $125.00 and im glad i did. (soon i will post a instructable on hooking this up to a motor).
  So this is instructions for putting your PITEBA seed oil extractor together.
 1. Make sure you have all the parts, the unit, crank ,spiral, bolts glass bottle, wick/washer, End cap, End cap bolt.
2. Mounting the Piteba, this pretty much has to be mounted to something like a table i used a drill to make some holes in the table 3 2 for bolts, and 1 for a small tube. ( the piteba, has 2 screw holes on two sides.)
3. After mounting this to a table, next is to oil the washers with eatable oil. and slide them onto the back of the spiral. this slides in one way through the front until the shaft comes out the back hole.
 4. Screw in the crank, with the small screw bolt .
5. Screw on the end cap, and lightly screw on the end cap bolt.
6. Fill glass bottle with flammable liquid im sign 92% rubbing alcohol, thread the wick through the washer hole and top the bottle. and light it. ( it takes about 10 minutes for it to heat up to the right temp)
7. Cut the bottom off a 2 liter bottle, i had to sand the top a little to make it fit in the top of the PITEBA seed oil machine.
8. But a bowl at the one end
9. Put a small strainer or a piece of mesh in a small funnel. A plastic tube is threaded through the 3 hole i drilled, and into a glass jar.  this will collect your seed oil
 

Step 3: Step Three: Extracting Seed Oil

Now that your Piteba is up to temp, START CRANKING!
I took me about 20 minutes to crank out a 2 liter bottle of sunflower seed and got about 12 ounces of sunflower seed oil. Though this does not sound like a lot it is.
    After you have started to crank the seeds through a little stop and remove the end cap bolt.
Now you will see a long dried out "sunflower turd" for lack of a better word. This is good for animal feed or fertilizer.  The oil comes out black, this will be settled out in two weeks.
 

Ive Included a short video of the seed oil extractor in action.



Step 4: Step Four: Fishing Up

 Now that you have your sunflower seed oil, it needs to settle out the sediment that take like two weeks.
I have tried to strain it, but could not find a mesh size that worked well.
Now you have to clean the Piteba, Make sure you have grind all the seed out. And let it cool down, now the end cap will be blocked SOLID with sunflower seeds, this is like removing concert! I used a drill this seems the easiest way to get this clean. im experimenting with soaking in vinegar or something to loose n up the seed cake.

Wipe the whole machine down and your finished.
 Once the oil is settled you still have to siphon the oil off the top and pour out the think bottom sunflower sludge.

 There Now you will have cooking oil for life! enjoy.

Comments

author
LoganMackey (author)2010-06-02

one forty pound bag makes at least 2 gallons of sunflower seed oil.
 I found one place that sells it Hienens and it was $8.50 for 16 oz

1 US gallon = 128 US fluid ounces

16 oz per bottle = 8 bottles
8 bottles x $8.50 = $68.00
x 2 Gallons per bag = $136.00
$125.00 + $15.00    = $140.00
MACHINE   SUNFLOWER SEEDS

Plus this is perpetual so only requires a one time investment
and is you use (2 gallons of cooking oil a year a good average for most households)
 So this will pay its self off in one year. Not to mention The perpetual years after of never having to buy cooking oil ever.





author
SaraJ3 (author)LoganMackey2015-07-18

He's not pressing that bag, he's planting new sunflowers from that bag, only a few handfuls of seeds at a time are needed, and then using the seeds from those flowers to press for oil.

author
dirk1609 (author)2011-02-02

It is a great unit. I used one for years in Hawaii making gallons of mac nut oil, Kukui nut and coconut oil for soap making. They are now available in the US on ebay and amazon for a bit less that getting them out of Holland.

author
bound4all (author)dirk16092014-08-12

Thanks for the info. Do you think you could use walnuts to make oil with it?

author
SinAmos (author)2010-06-01

This is totally up my alley.  Thanks.  I have three regular sunflowers growing for eating, but if I can pick up a bag, that would be nice.  Buying the tool is my only concern.  Not sure the price tag is worth it, but it could be. 

author
LoganMackey (author)SinAmos2011-12-19

Only the black oil sunflowers produce any good amount of oil the eating kind jsut dont make enough to be worth it

author
byoho (author)2010-06-07

You don't need to wait 2 weeks for it to settle. Here's an old farmers/mechanics trick from WAY back that was often used to filter used lube and motor oils; Put a length of natural fiber rope, the thicker the better, in the unfiltered oil jar and let the other end dangle out and into another jar that's lower than the first. They used to use manila rope, but I imagine cotton would work too. The oil will siphon (actually the correct term would be capillary action) up, over, and down thru the rope and drip into the lower container, completely filtered. It won't happen fast, but it will be faster than 2 weeks. Nice job! Thanks

author
bruc33ef (author)2010-05-31

Good, very useful Instructable.  

I wonder how many years a 40 lb bag of seeds would last when used this way. Also, I wonder whether it would be cost-effective to simply extract the oil from the seeds from the bag rather than planting them first.  How much oil could you expect from a 40 lb bag of seed?

author
trailleadr (author)bruc33ef2010-06-01

I would think it's more cost effective to grow a decent batch from your 40lb bag.  Since the sunflower will regrow each year you only need to plant the seeds one time.  Plus to ensure you get a decent harvest you can use the seed cake to fertilize your sunflower bed.

author
LoganMackey (author)2010-05-31

Well it depends on how much cooking oil you use, bakers would use a lot.
i am slowly grinding out the rest of the 40 pound bag, i would like to motorize it first.
 But i think i can get at least 2 gallons. And for my household that is a years worth of cooking oil.
Sunflower oil is a healthy choice for your cooking oil needs. High in vitamin E, it has a light clean taste. There are three types available.
  Plus im using it to make soap and lip balm.

author
alchicken (author)2015-01-21

How fast does the oil go rancid? If you make a huge amount it might go bad before you can use it all or is there a way to store it?

author
PemaY1 (author)alchicken2016-05-26

Here is what you do: You only make as much oil as you are going to use in the short term, and store the rest of the unhulled sunflower seeds. As long as the seeds have the hull on them and are kept in a cool dark place the oil in the seed will not go rancid, and when you need more oil you make some more. You don't need to make a year's supply of oil all at once.

author
Woodstar (author)2012-08-29

I've been thinking about the possibility of doing this very thing, when it came up on Instructables! With your info I'm ready to purchase an oil press. My question is this: are those seeds in that bag organic?....did they come from China? This is important to me and would love a response. I found a 10lb bag for 5.85 on another site that is for sure organic. BIG price difference!!!

author
LoganMackey (author)Woodstar2013-06-12

unfortunately even if the seeds say there organic ORGANIC has never been legally defined, ie no chemicals used to grow but genetically engineered seeds are still classified as organic . The seeds ive used are not labeled organic.

author
PemaY1 (author)LoganMackey2016-05-26

Well there is the FDA definition of "organic" which is not strict at all and allows for all kinds of questionable practices to be labeled "organic" including Genetic Modification. However, there are independent certification agencies which have strict and high standards for what is considered "organic"... You can look for seeds that are certified organic by some of these independent agencies.

author
LoganMackey (author)Woodstar2012-08-30

most of the whole sale bulk sunflowers i have found all grow in Kansas. as for being organically grown there is no way to tell unless you grow it your self, there are no laws defining "organic" for food consumable labeling, there wouldn't be any for bird food.
but sunflowers are pretty much weeds, they dont have to many bugs so the use of pesticides and fertilizer are less then your normal food crop
i know there are companies that sell organic black oil sunflower seeds, but there sold in little seed packs but at least if you grow them you can be 100% organic

author
Woodstar (author)LoganMackey2012-09-02

Thanks for responding. Next question: what would be the square footage that you would recommend? I'd like to plant the whole 40lb bag and make enough oil to use myself and use the rest for bartering. I bought a 7lb bucket of coconut oil last year and still have half of it left (just to give you an idea how much I use)/

author
LoganMackey (author)Woodstar2013-06-15

well i am now growing 200 sq feet of black oil sunflowers, but when i first started, i had a flower bed full of them that was 4 feet by 20 feet and that much sunflowers gave me almost 3 gallons of oil, its about a 1/2 cup of oil per sunflower

author
SaraJ3 (author)2015-07-18

Thanks for this, I literally was wondering this just a few days ago!

author
zhang.sunny.3532 (author)2015-04-13

Do not buy this hand operated oil machine. It can never make you quality oil because the oil is never filtered. Try this new product here: http://www.homeuseoilpress.com/

author
mbear (author)2014-04-28

"I have tried to strain it, but could not find a mesh size that worked well."

What about using paper coffee filters? Maybe hold them in place with metal mesh underneath. So you'd have...

Sunflower oil

Paper filter

Metal mesh/window screen.

author
onmyway (author)2013-11-05

Amazing. Thanks for this instructable. You made me a very happy herbalist in training.

author
palestinian-warrior (author)2013-09-16

wow awesome
very useful after a zombie apocalypse lol

author
charrelson1 (author)2013-06-14

When filtering out the sediment, did you happen to try coffee filters?
Also, when storing the oil, what's the longest time frame you were able to store it? I'm afraid it would go bad after so many months. Do you store it in mason jars? Or will just any type of bottle do? This sounds like a really interesting project to try. Thanks !

author
LoganMackey (author)charrelson12013-06-15

well oil can go rancid, but ive never had it happen. I store it in mason jars in my kitchen cupboard. ive had the same jar for like months. But i dont know the max shelf life.
oh and NO you cannot filter oil with a coffee filter, or any other kind of filter.
maybe a micro metal mesh one, but its easier just to let it settle then siphon it out OR you can use a process called wicking, some one made that comment you get a piece of rope and put it in the oil and the other end of the rope in a lower bucket and it will suck all the oil through the rope and filter out everything

author
hilson (author)2013-06-13

I Will be trying this.

author
susycue3 (author)2013-06-11

wish i were you, taking over a farm. best of luck to you.

author
LoganMackey (author)susycue32013-06-12

thanks i need it, the last 3 years have been drought , flood and extended winter killing almost all of my fruit crops

author
susycue3 (author)LoganMackey2013-06-12

boy i hear ya there.....

author
rexmo (author)2012-10-31

We're wanting to make our own press. Could you post some pictures of the bottom of your press?

author
LoganMackey (author)rexmo2013-06-12

the bottom of the press is just a bent piece of metal, with some holes to bolt to something and a place for the bottle of flammable liquid

author
LoganMackey (author)rexmo2012-11-01

this this is just a metal pipe wielded to a "C" shaped piece of metal the base is just to have something to screw it to a base. And something to center the worm screw in the center of the pipe, the pipe has a cut taken out of it at the bottom, this is where the oil drips out.
If you can make a wormscrew i didn't have the machine to mill it, but that 90% of it. the rest is jsut to hold the worm screw in place.

www.piteba.com


another seed oil extraction machine is made from two car jacks that on either side of a metal pipe. this is a cold press

author
brazos2 (author)2013-06-11

Your right about them growing like weeds, I have them all over my property (5 acres). Problem with the wild ones are they don't have large enough flowerheads to produce anything useful. They do make nice flower displays however :-) I would like to know where you get the bag of seeds, thats an excellent price. We buy the same for the birds but it runs closer to 20 bucks a bag, if not more. Farmers grow these close buy, don't think they would miss a few but I know they use a crop duster on them, and that aint salad dressing their spraying. Thanks for a great idea!

author
rrex2 (author)2012-06-03

do you allow the oil to settle at room temp or do you place it in a fridge?
do you store your finished oil (already settled and sediment discarded) at room temp or in a fridge?
have you tried pressing flax oil or other oil seeds out of the Piteba? what's your experience with those oilseeds?
thanks for this page, and look forward to comparing notes
sincerely
robert rex

author
LoganMackey (author)rrex22012-06-02

i had it at room temp, i would not suggest any lower temp oil thickens when cooled i may not separate or at least not separate as much.
Ive heard from people that live in very hot climate that vegetable oil will go rancid but ive never had that happen and i store all my oil in anywhere else but my cupboard
Nope ive only used sunflower seeds but here is the link to that info
http://www.piteba.com/eng/index_eng.htm

I will be making a insctructable about how to motorize it as soon as i can figure out how.

author
LoganMackey (author)2012-03-28

Tracker Farm Supply on sale sunflower seeds always go on sale at fall, shop around then

author
mad scientist dragon (author)2011-07-15

I have a meat grinder, could one modify this to press oil? It has the same auger style mechanism.
thanks

author

pretty much this things is a solid metal spiral in a iron pipe but it is heated but any cande or small heat source would do you only have to heat it to 120-150

i say get your self some black oil sunflower seeds and try

author
FyreAntz (author)2010-08-22

Excellent Ible! So many cool things to try and so little time! Thanks for the info!

author
Tannius (author)2010-06-04

I'm curious about how many sunflower seeds you managed to get from your plot of flowers. How much would you have to plant to get about a gallon of oil do you think? This is was something I never thought about doing with my own garden so I'm glad I ran across this instructible.

author
spamfast (author)2010-06-02

Well, you've never pointed that out to me, and I wonder why you're so compelled to try again.  What's your point?  It's now obvious you were aware of the problem, and you'll not make any effort to address the issue.  I don't think that was obvious before the above comments, so I'm not sure why pointing it out evoked such a response.  I get the idea most authors would want to know so they could improve their work.

I signed up on May 2 to respond to the above comment made on June 1, which was in response to your Instructable, posted on May 31.  I knew this was going to happen....

It seems we only have to "be nice" to contributing veterans, FNG's are fair game.

Thanks for the warm welcome MadMan.inc, feels great to be a part of the community.

Oh, and your blip.tv is not "like all video hosting services".  I reloaded the page to be sure it wasn't just that first time.  It wasn't, and not one of the other videos that I have watched on this site have been so polluted.  It's your work, if that's the way you want it presented then so be it, but don't claim it's because there aren't better choices.

author
Jayefuu (author)spamfast2010-06-02

Welcome to the community spamfast. ^.^

author
Jayefuu (author)2010-06-02

Sorry, I assumed it was one of the new google adsense options that authors of videos can add to their videos to make a few cents per view.

Just out of interest, why do you use a service like blip.tv if it includes adverts at the beginning? To make money? YouTube and others do have adverts, but only small bits of text across the bottom that viewers can click the cross on. I can only assume it's because... "Advertising is one of the core services that blip offers show creators.  Advertising on blip is "opt-in" for show creators.  This means that you must choose to enable advertising on your show." - from blip.tv website.

author
Jayefuu (author)2010-06-01

That advert you added on the front of your video is really annoying.

author
spamfast (author)Jayefuu2010-06-01

 Agreed.  It's really just all advertisement, corrupted ever so slightly with useful information.

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Bio: I am currently taking over my grandparents farm, and working towards getting off the grid, and a sustainable life.
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