I recently made a solar accumulator which is a limited heliostat, I guess. It can only send the light to somewhere on the axis of the equatorial mount.
The new heliostat is different. It should be able to send the light just about anywhere you want and keep it on that spot as long as the sun shines.
This feature could be massively useful for solar cooking (multable heliostats shinging light on one area) water heating or solar lighting, (shining the light into dark corners or northern windows).
I want low tech ones that poor people who do not have computers can make.
I am pretty sure this works now after making a little model. I am using gimbals on the real thing having seen a problem on the model. Thanks to all who helped me choose gimbals for where it joins to the equatorial mount!
The theory follows on the next couple of pages.
Step 1: Basic Optics
When sunlight hits a mirror, it bounces off at the same angle as it hit the mirror.
The plane of the mirror is exactly at right angles to a line bisecting the bouncing lightrays. I think we should focus on the bisecting line!
If we allow the mirror to swivel on its centre point, and tie the corners of the mirror to somewhere on that line and keep it taut, the mirror will point at the correct angle to send the light to the target!