Instructables

Hack a $4 LED flashlight into a scuba diving light with a laxative!

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Picture of Hack a $4 LED flashlight into a scuba diving light with a laxative!
I honestly thought that this would not work because it is way too simple and easy for me to be the first person to think of it. (or at least the first person to publish)  A normal scuba light will run you about $100-$150, renting one usually goes for between $9-$15.

I made a video podcast for the project below.
Please check out my other instructables as well.



 
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Step 2: Theory

Picture of Theory
My idea was triggered by two things...

The first was the movie the Abyss.  Remember when they were breathing an oxygenated liquid?  This allowed them to go to incredible depths because liquids are not compressible like gasses are (see my video for a slightly more detailed explanation)

The second idea was from looking at pictures of people overclocking their computers.  Basically they make their computers run faster than they are supposed to but this causes them to heat up and even melt.  One way they combat the heat is to put the computer into an aquarium and fill it with mineral oil.  The mineral oil does not conduct electricity or corrode components and just happens to be clear.

So if we can fill a flashlight or other device with oil, we can take the pressure off of the seals, the most work they will do is keeping the oil inside on the surface.

Step 3: Filling


The hardest part was getting access to the area between the LED's and the lens.  I was starting to damage the aluminum trying to open it up so I just decided to drill through the back instead.  I used a 3/64" bit and drilled two holes through the circuit board that holds the LED's.  Be careful not to damage the copper traces or the LED's on the other side.

Now as I learned, mineral oil does not want to flow through a 3/64" hole.  I came up with the idea of sticking the drill bit back in one of the holes and running it in reverse so it works like a pump.  You will see air bubbles coming out of the other hole, when they stop coming out, there is no more air inside (provided you are holding it straight)

I put everything in the tupperware and poured the oil in.  Make sure there are no trapped air bubbles as you start to re-assemble the light.  When you are screwing the last part on; push and hold the button in to turn on the light.  Otherwise, when you turn the last few turns on the threads, the rubber will start to push out like a balloon.

Once everything is together, wipe it off, rinse it off and put the remaining oil back into its container.  (I spilled a bunch accidentally and still only used about 1/5th of the container.)

Now due to temperature changes the aluminum and oil will expand and contract very slightly which may cause some seepage. There also might be a bit of oil trapped in the grooves, threads and knurling.  I didn't have a problem with the lights sitting for 2 weeks but I stuck them inside a ziplock during transportation to be safe.

Step 4: The money Shot!

Picture of The money Shot!
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I was actually down below 95ft, but this is the deepest footage I took at about 88ft

The second light I made was mounted to my camera.

Thanks for reading!

If you have Ideas for other things you could take underwater like this, let me know in the comments, I'd like to try it! Next time I'm going to do a larger flashlight.

Before anyone says it!  I don't think cameras will work well for a few reasons,
1) they are not sealed at all to begin with and would be hard to do so.
2) the index of refraction through the oil would be different than air which would screw up the way the lenses work.
3) the lenses have lots of little gaps inside that would be hard to purge of air.
4) waterproof housings are not that expensive considering what they protect.

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lynnewu4 years ago
This is great, but I think the greatest part of it is figuring out you could use a drill bit as a pump! Genius, even. Thanks.
john.harvan22 days ago

I've spent a ton of money on flashlights and they all fail due to corrosion and water intrusion. I'm going to give this a try because it makes a lot of sense.

GoJian7 months ago

Well, cool idea, but kind of a pain to change/recharge the battery every time.

pierbout1 year ago
A very simple but very good idea!!!

I should definitelly try...
drdan1522 years ago
This is genious!! I love ME SOME SCUBA diving!!! And what a cool way to save money!! Thank you for publishing!
I,m making a super-bright scuba light rated at 1200 Luments, like the $1,000 ones but at a cost of about $300. It includes the batteries ad has a 20 watt LED as the light source.
1200 lumens WOW. Thats amazing, only 300 dollars too, thats so cheap.

In case you couldn't tell I'm being sarcastic. Very sarcastic.

I have a light which caused $50 to build, and is 2200 lumens.

Another light which was about $70 dollars and is roughly 5000 lumens.

The lower lumen one is a sst 90 and throws better

The other one is 5 cree xm l leds and has some throw but mostly flood.
Both are waterproof.
Scuba light need not only to be waterproof as you claim but to withstand at least three times the atmospheric pressure. Yes, may be there are cheaper light out there but yo will not be able to say you did it yourself, would you?
i machined my light out of aluminum. its not meant to be a dive light but I think it could take the pressure. I would have to swap out the switch for a piezo. It has a 66mm aspheric lens and an sst90 at 9 amps, powered from 2 lifepo4 26650 batteries. aspheric lenses have problems under water so it has a removable 1/4" piece of plexiglass in front of the lens, but recessed behind a bezel. i don't have a lux meter or a sphere to measure lumens but i'm guessing around 1500-1700 otf and around 2500 emitter lumens based on the binning.
dave spencer (author)  Tazo2 years ago
Why would it need to withstand 3 x AP? The concept is like having a water bottle filled 100% with water dyed red. You can take it down to infinite pressures but the red water will never leak out into the surrounding water as long as the lid is on tight. The video in the instructable explains it well.
UPDATE: my new version is actually going to be 2,174 luments, have a smaller, lighter, li-ion battery and me more energy efficient, AND it's going to be cheaper!
what type of led? It sounds like your taking the specs off a sst 90. is that otf lumens or rated for the led? What size battery? multiple 18650 batteries? or a d sized lithium? or a square pack? c sized? Copper or aluminum for the body? Modified maglite or custom? Specs?
it is a luxeon star 7 LED array, it consumes 1 amp and gives out 2174 Luments, the battery is a 13x6x5 cm (approx) Li-Ion Block. it is rated for 18 Amp/hour at 12 VDC
why use such outdated less? sounds like your going for flood so just use a few cree xml less.
sst 90?
godbacon2 years ago
Nice! Get yourself a bike inner tube and make yourself a sleeve to go over the cylinder, one more layer of waterproofing and it will hold your oil in.
Hippymike962 years ago
Could you put duck tape around most of the flashlight?
ice8283 years ago
I make one using this idea, 12 LED. In one dive I went to like 1 hr @ 35 ft it work perfect. good for look inside small cave to see fish or for signal the boat at night. The bad think happening at 75 ft on the second dive , my 12 led flash light didn't hold the pressure. after a revision I see that the light have two o-ring it better if you cant find a light that have only one opening and a strong o-ring or put some marine silicon on the thread. but it was fun and you cant impress the other divers
All what i can say it is awesome , nice work nice movie too
danistravis3 years ago
Ah, ok! I get it now, awesome idea!
danistravis3 years ago
Did you reseal the lens after drilling? If so, How? This is very cool, I'm planning on taking an Advanced scuba class through my college, but they require a $300 light kit which is out of my budget!
dave spencer (author)  danistravis3 years ago
sorry if the pictures are misleading, the holes are not in the lens, the holes are drilled through the back side. Look at the picture with the drill pointing down if it is still not clear or watch the video. Good luck on the course!
Chad-Nadir4 years ago
Hi, first off: pure awesome! I was about to rush to the local hardware store and chemists but something occured to me I thought I should ask you about: since mineral-oil is a petroleum by-product is this safe to use around marine life? I know it's designed not to leak, but if it did could it create mini gulf-of-Mexico spill? Thanks!
dave spencer (author)  Chad-Nadir4 years ago
I think the gulf oil spill was measured in gallons per second. I'm pretty sure there is less than 100ml in my flashlight. As it is a laxative I assume it can't be that toxic to other life (although I have absolutely zero scientific knowledge or facts to back this up) I envision the worst case scenario being a catastrophic failure that dumps all the oil in the water and the nearest fish has a bad case of diarrhea.
I totally see your point. It's used ofr fire-breathing right, so it can't be that bad. Next stop, B&Q!! Thanks for the prompt and useful answer. :)
crasch484 years ago
i am workint on an artificial reef in the philipines and realized this will work for cheap remote camera also.
thanks a lot!!
kingzilla4 years ago
This works equally well with vaseline (Petroleum Jelly).
It can be easily melted in a toaster oven, or other heating device. Then, pouring it into a flashlight is easy.
The nice thing about using vaseline instead is that at room temperature it reforms into a solid. Being much more viscous then the mineral oil it will be much less likely to leak out. NO MESSY LEAKS
dave spencer (author)  kingzilla4 years ago
But doesnt vaseline have a milky color to it? It needs to be really clear or you are wasting light by diffusing it. Neat idea for a watch though.
It is milky when solid. I used the vaseline for the inside of the case, covering the circuit board. I found that allowing water to seep next to the LED's directly had no consequence as long as the leads from them were protected. I simply removed the protective lens and applied some vaseline around the base of the led's just to be safe. (Note: I have only taken this down some 20m)
scubaru4 years ago
I had considered this. My new major is Automated Machining Engineering so I wanted to make some stuff for when I dive, but wasn't sure about using mineral oil. Great instructable!
i just saw that movie earlier today, very clever!
dave spencer (author) 4 years ago
Too bad I missed the flashlight contest!