Introduction: Hand Cranked Flashlight Mod Plus Joule Thief
I have a couple of hand cranked flashlights laying around and I was never satisfied with their performance.
When I got them fresh out the box they worked great. But when their batteries ran out it was too exhausting to recharge the batteries manually. And after a couple of years, it was almost impossible recharge the batteries because they were too old. Now, a hefty 5 minutes of cranking produces only 20 seconds of light.
I decided to mod one of the flashlights by switching the lithium ion rechargeable battery with a super capacitor.
Surprisingly, the mod was easy and the results were very satisfying. Now, with just a mere 5 seconds of cranking I get 5 minutes of light. A major improvement.
In a further mod I added a joule thief which increased brightness (see step 5)
Step 1: The Back Up Super Capacitor
A super capacitor acts like a battery in computers and electronic devices, and therefore it can serve as a back up power supply.
The neat thing about super capacitors is that they last much longer than rechargeable batteries. They are easier to recharge because they have almost 100% efficient while the batteries lose between 50% to 30% of the energy when recharging.
I am using a 1 Farad super capacitor. But you can use bigger values. The bigger the super capacitor the longer the flashlight works.
Step 2: Replacing the Old Battery
This step was easier than I thought. It took a couple of minutes.
The only thing one has to worry about in this step is to get the positive of the capacitor in the same hole as the positive side of the battery. The same thing with the negative side.
Step 3: Finished
Here you can see the cap in place of the old battery and the flashlight working.
Step 4: Reverse Engineering the Hand Cranked Circuit
I am a curious guy and to make sure my mods work, I reverse engineered the hand cranked circuit. I use the same technique that I used in my Spy Ear Instructable.
The pictures below show the different steps in reverse engineering the circuit.
Step 5: Adding a Joule Thief
This mod is more challenging and requires that the circuit be reverse engineered in order to determine how to replace components.
To add a joule thief the whole circuit between the switch to the LEDs must be modified.
The first thing I noticed when I reversed engineered the circuit is that The LEDs are in parallel. The joule thief is able to run three LEDs in series. I rewired the LEDs by scoring the circuit then soldering jumper wire.
The second major modification, is to remove all the diodes and resistors between the LEDs and switch then adding a standard Joule thief in place.
The result was a brighter flashlight that lasted 1/2 the time as the circuit without the joule thief. Adding more capacitance will increase the run time of the flashlight.
However, it does not bother me cranking the flashlight every few minutes or so. The light is brighter than the factory original.