This is how I make my homemade soaps that I sell at PoseyCorner.com. There is no real secret to it. Soap has been made like this pretty much for centuries just with different tools.
Fair warning- After I made my first batch of soap, I was hooked. I went out and got more Lye. I ordered more Scents and colorants. Oh boy it can get expensive if your not watching yourself.
Warning: This process involves using Sodium Hydroxide. Otherwise known as Lye. AKA: Drain Cleaner! Use safety precautions! This stuff burns severely when active.
I am going to pretty much walk you through how I made my latest batch of soap. This one I decided to make a round Melt and Pour bar in Orange. I am not going to cover all of that. I just used some Orange Oxide to color some M&P Soap and Poured it into a ½” PVC Pipe.
Hot Process is almost the same as Cold Process. HP just takes it a step further with cooking it the rest of the way.
Step 1: Tools
A Scale that reads in Ounces to at least 1 tenth of an ounce. (Example - 1.4 oz)
Electric Stick Blender – You could use a Plastic or wooden Spoon to stir with but you will get tired of that.
Glass Measuring Cups
2 Plastic Measuring Cups – these will be used for the lye and lye water only.
Steel Table or Teaspoons – Used only to scoop out Ingredients out of the containers or Mixing up the coloring. I do not touch the lye with them.
Bamboo Skewers – I use one to stir up the lye into water
Parchment Paper – to line my mold
Wooden Mold – I made myself. You can use other things so you can search for it and get creative.
A Crock Pot – Mine I believe is a 5 Quart. With as small a recipe I use, the soap does not rise out of it during the gelling phase.
Plastic Serving Spoons – Plastic is key. You cannot use Aluminum where it can contact Lye. You will waste the batch that way.
Safety Glasses and Chemical Resistant Glove – In case lye wants to splash on you. You will know when it does.
Bottle of White Vinegar – This helps make the lye inactive if it spills on you or something. I also use some in my Lye and Lye Water Cups before cleaning.