Introduction: Hatching Chicken Eggs Naturally

i'll show you how to improve the success of a natural chicken brood,
there's much you can do, to support your mother hen and to make sure that your chicks hatch safely and grow up to strong hens and roosters!

Of course there are many ways for hatching chicks, and this is only a guide to Improve your hatching result and help the chicks grow up, healthy and strong!

good luck!

Step 1: What Breeds Are Born Mothers?

not all breed are good for hatching,
most breeds have lost the instinct and will not sit on eggs.
The hen you will follow in this instructable, is a wild mix between different breeds but did her job very good :)

good breeds are:

Brahma  - brilliant mothers and a big plus is there size, place for up to 20 eggs!
Silkie - also brilliant mothers but not that much space - good for small coops

of course there are others, but i really recommend this breeds.

Step 2: Place Fake-eggs in a Nest and Wait

Place about 5 fake eggs ( for example pottery or rubber eggs) in a normal nest in you chicken coop.

Now:
WAIT! until one of your precious hens decides to be a mommy :)

you can be sure, that you have a broody hen when she:
- ruffles her feathers
- makes noises that remind of water in a bottle ( "glug glug")
- leaves the nest only for a few minutes a day and returns to the eggs very fast
- gets angry when you come near her ( she picks)


Step 3: Prepare a Separate Nest for the Becoming Mother

It's time to move your hen mother,

prepare a separate nest, there she can sit undisturbed of the other chickens in your coop.
Why?
- the other chicken may lay eggs in the brood-nest and you have always eggs in a different phase - that means some chicks will die.
- the other hens or the rooster may disturb and distract her and she will leaves the eggs, and stops to brood.
- the other chicken may kill your new hatched chicks

the requierements for this nest are:

- comfortable, fill it with straw
- separate from all other chickens, to avoid disturbing and distraction
- dark
- silent
- safe from predators

wait for the night or darken your coop.
Why? - chicken can't see very well when it's dark and will remain calm and unaffected.

take the fake eggs from your hen and put them into the "new" nest.
now carefully lift her up and carry her to the new nest.
close the opening of the nest with a towel or something

now wait for 2 or 3 days, until you are sure that she remains on the nest.
offer her water and wheat every day(!)  but she won't eat that much.





Step 4: The Real Eggs

time for real fertilized eggs.
if you have a good rooster you can use your own eggs
other possibilities are:
- exchange with other chicken owners
- buy fertilized eggs online

Your hen will accept every kind of egg, every breed.

choose eggs:
- without cracks
- normal sized - No extrem big ones and no extrem small ones ( depends on the breed)

wait for the night or darken your coop, remove the fake eggs and replace the carefully with the real ones.
From now on it takes 21 days until the chicks will hatch!!! - mark it in your calendar

if you have eggs of different breeds you may mark them with a pencil.




Step 5: Every Day Procedure

Now you have to support your lady!

the hen will be in "trance" she won't leave the nest, won't eat, won't drink.....
The eggs need ventilation every day, for hightest success rate.

If she won't leave the nest by herself:
simply lift her up and set her on the floor of your coop, she may need a little poke to wake up :)

now she needs to:
-drink
-eat (give her whole wheat, she needs lots of protein, don't feed her vegetables, she could get diarrhea- not good for eggs)
- take a dirtbath (against parasites)
- small stones that help to break up the wheat ( i have them in the dirtbath)
- and most important:
she needs to poo! :D - you'll recognize the poo of her - it'll smell extraterrestrial and will be huge :)

make sure your hen doesn't stay much longer than 20-30 minutes from the nest! most hens will return by themselfes.
If it's very hot it's ok with 40 minutes.

proceed until day 19!

Step 6: Candling Eggs

after 7 days it's time for candling the eggs.
you'll need

an egg carton
a strong flashlight
a pencil
a really dark room

while the hen is away from the nest, take all eggs carefully and lay them into the egg carton.
carry them to your dark room and light through the eggs (like shown below)
my camera is not good enough so click on this link to see what we are looking after.
http://www.backyardchickens.com/LC-candling.html

In a fertilzed egg you should see a small dark point with smal spiderweb- lines around.

mark all eggs if they are fertilized or unclear and out them back into the carton.
lay them back into the nest and repeat this step in abaout 3 or 4 days, if the unclear eggs still show nothing, discard them, don't worry, there's no life in there! ( if you have a dog you know what to do :D )
why discard? - the unfertilized eggs can rot and the gases/or moisture can kill the unhatched chicks around.

Sure you can choose to candling the eggs every day, but i think it's quite risky to move the eggs more than neccessary.


Step 7: Supplys

it's time to buy some supplys for your soon to be hatched chicks:
- special chick food (much protein)
- a special chick drinker  NO BOWLS - the chick can drown in no time.
- carrots
- cottage cheese
- oatmeal
- oregano (dried)
- garlic and onions

also you can:
-collect and dry nettles - very good start food for chicks
-catch some fish - perfect protein!





Step 8: Day 14 -candling One More Time

on day 14 you can candling the eggs ione more time,

noq you'll see, that they are almost black - the chick fills the whole egg.


Step 9: Day 19!

two days remaining,

leave the broody hen alone - she doesn't need you anymore :)

Step 10: Day 21!


Hatching day!

don't disturb the hen, she has to remain calm and takes care about the hatching chicks!

you may sit beside the nest and listen to the chicks :)
maybe you can peek through the curtain.

the hen will leave the nest (and all remaining unhatched eggs) after 2-3 days.

UPDATE:  There's one thing i forgot, NEVER try to help a chick out of the shell - you may kill it, there are blood vessels on the inside of the shell, that can get hurt and the poor chick dies by loss of blood.
after the hen left the nest you can open the remaining eggs, but if you do that, you should be able to kill a too weak or disabled chick.
the best thing to do, is to leave it up to nature, as hard as it sounds!



Step 11: Taking Care of the Chicks

now you come in again,
feed the chicks every day with a mix of:

chicks food - the bowl should never run out!
from week 3 you can also add some whole wheat.

a protein source such as:
-cottage cheese
-boiled eggs
-cooked fish

and very important de-worming stuff such as:

crated carrots
oregano
nettles
garlic
onions

Why the deworming stuff? - the chicks can die very quickly on Coccidi, in their first 6-8 weeks of life.

 for 4 chicks i give every day:
as much chicks-food as desired,
1 crated carrot
2 tablespoons oregano
3 tablespoon cottage cheese,
3 cloves of garlic,
and about 4 tablespoons of oatmeal
1 tablespoon nettles (dried)

increase with the size of the chicks

NOTE: in the first 2 weeks cut everything in VERY small pieces to prevent the chicks from suffocation.

Go on with this diet until they are 6-8 weeks, and you'll end up with healthy strong chicks :)

The chicks need access to small stones that help breaking up the food!

clean up the coop every day.



Step 12: Exploring the Nature :)


after one week your chicks are ready to go outside - with their mom of course!!!
I rekommend you build a chicks- yard with small chicks-mesh, and mesh above ( shilds against magpies, cats and all other predators that want to eat your precious chicks.

when the chicks are 6 to 8 weeks old you can introduce them to your other chicks and they may walk together in the yard.
their are now strong enough.

I hope you found that instructable useful!



Comments

author
ShahrukhK12 (author)2016-12-12

hey i recently got a pair of polish chicken can you tell me the what the suitable environment is for them,can they survive in the cold or vice versa and is the breeding manual same for every chicken and also can you tell me how many eggs does a polish chicken lay ...mine layed 2 eggs in 2 weeks...i really want to breed them.....plz help me i dont know what to do i m afrid they might die they just stand in a corner doing nothing...is it ok?

author
Jama-Darlene (author)2016-08-27

I have a hen on 12 eggs I moved her into the barn on her first day as I was lucky I found her nest now the eggs are due to hatch today she is in a nest box so can't see anything unless I take off the lid should I just wait or peek

author
ruthwilliams made it! (author)2015-11-06

Hi my hen is sitting on 7 eggs and when we candled at 7 days all but one looked great. 21 days was up two days ago. We had one we chicken hatch yesterday but no more. Our hen is still sitting on the eggs and won't leave them. How long should I let her continue to do this please? I love your very, very helpful page thank you - it has been a life saver

20151106_172915.jpg
author
Louise75 (author)ruthwilliams2016-06-26

Hi could you tell me whatvyou did as mine is doing the same please.

author
Louise75 (author)2016-06-26

I have a lemon silkie thats has had 2 chicks 1 week ago and still sitting on 4 eggs should i leave her on them.

author
ChrysN (author)2011-07-14

They are so cute! Great instructable.

author
love2016 (author)ChrysN2016-04-06

hi... so how long does an white Cochin chicken hatch from their eggs

author
Preetham21 (author)2016-02-15

My bantam is laying eggs since 5 days should we leave the eggs there or collect it n then place them when they stop laying eggs

author
Preetham21 (author)2016-02-15

My bantam is laying eggs since 5 days should we leave the eggs there or collect it n then place them when they stop laying eggs

author
Preetham21 (author)2016-02-15

How many eggs does bantam lay before they start incubating

author
Omawolfie (author)2015-09-25

If my chickens are completely enclosed do I need to separate her while she sits and then the hatched chicks as well?

author
Holly-pham (author)2015-07-27

We have a black hen who laid 18-20 eggs obe hatched and my dad said she doesnt want to sit on the rest of the other eggs and that its taking too long to hatch. He wants to cook the rest of the eggs that wont hatch yet and im wondering how long it takes and what can i do to help them hatch???? Please help i do not want my dad to cook them :(

author
Mimikry (author)Holly-pham2015-07-30

if some already hatched, let the hen decide when to leave the remaining eggs, she knows it best! it usually takes 2 days until she leaves. You can't really help the chicks that are still unhatched - trust me: I tried and wasn't happy with it :( ! But usually they are to weak to hatch or even disabled, so they won't make it. Are you sure, that there are chicks alive in the eggs? - did you look it up with a lamp ( shown in instructable), or can you hear anything? hope it turns out good for you and the already hatched chicks.

author
gabe yoo (author)2013-08-21

my chicken is making sounds like somebody slurping from a straw. Is that a sign of broody? :D

author
Mimikry (author)gabe yoo2013-08-31

Oh yes :)
Wait 20 days and some chicks are all over the coop ;)

author
gabe yoo (author)2013-08-19

?

author
gabe yoo (author)2013-08-19

Is a pollito a good chicken breed

author
sseddon (author)2013-08-04

What a fantastic post! Just started chicken keeping as a hobby - now have 6 silkies, 2 polish and 4 orpingtons plus have a broody mummy hen sitting on 5 eggs.....it's day 21 today "chick cam" is on 24/7 and its so exciting. Your food recipe for chicks is something I am going to try, will pick and start to dry nettles today.

author
AriedeB (author)2012-09-12

This is a great instructable!

author
zappa123 (author)2012-06-08

My black hen has been sitting on donated fertilised eggs for 21 days today. She is outside under a bush and it has been raining constantly for 2 days now. I feel so sorry for her as its quite cold to for the time of year. Should I put her and the eggs into the coop or bring them into the house or just wait and see what happens. I am literally having nightmares! Should I just let nature take its course, will the eggs hatch under her, or should I intervene? I only got the 2 chickens last Aug and she only started laying in April. Please help,

author
Mimikry (author)zappa1232012-06-08

Hej zappa,

don't do anything right now, if it's the 21th day by now, you should not interrupt her at all. The chicks should hatch any minute now.
only thing you could do, is to protect her from rain.

also a good thing to do, is to build a provisional fence or something around her, without disturbing her to much.
2 reasons: 1 to protect the chicks from magpies
and 2, it's easier to catch her and the chicks, to get them in the coop, once they hatched ( wait until the hen raises and leaves the nest).

there is one more solution - don't do anything and let the hen do the job and hope for blind magpies... but i think you'll loose some chicks that way.

Good luck to you and your becoming mother :)

author
Ramgad (author)2012-03-01

Excellent instructable! Thanks

author
22tpring (author)2012-02-19

THANK YOU so much for a fine instructable. I've read many an article in Countryside and Mother Earth News but yours really made it real. Getting ready to feather my own nest and want organic eggs for myself and the young ones - excellent!

author
Mimikry (author)22tpring2012-02-20

Thanks for your appreciation :)

The only downside of hatching chicken are the roosters you have to...
---- you know :(

author
softballch1k99 (author)2011-10-10

it looked like someone was about to have chicken for dinner didnt it

author
Mimikry (author)softballch1k992011-10-11

That part comes WAAAAAAY later :D

author
Caulerpa (author)2011-10-02

This instructable was wonderful! I've got a dream to someday raise chickens. I like how you explained why you should take every measure you do.

author
Mimikry (author)Caulerpa2011-10-03

chicken are fun - go for it!

author
Uptonb (author)2011-09-12

Good luck on the Pets Challenge.

author
Mimikry (author)Uptonb2011-09-13

thank you!
i enjoyed your cat-tree house i'ble!
i've built almost the same 5 years ago - much sturdier and prettier than the stuff you can buy in stores!

keep up the good work!

author
bajablue (author)2011-09-08

Congrats on making the finals! Fingers crossed for you!!!

author
pedofieltje_111 (author)2011-08-22

Thank you!

author
Mimikry (author)pedofieltje_1112011-08-22

your nickname is a strange choice, don't you think???

author
ZyZZyvette (author)2011-07-25

Aha, not being a farmer I was a little concerned when I saw the photo for this step... ;)

author
bajablue (author)2011-07-22

This is a GREAT instructable! 5 Stars and my vote!!!

author
Mimikry (author)bajablue2011-07-22

Thank you very much :)

author
jany (author)2011-07-14

I have always had great results with the silkies. They are natural born mamas.

author
Mirime (author)jany2011-07-18

Also some of the banties are great moms we had on hen that was about 2-3 pounds that had, in one brood 23 chicks out of 28 eggs. How she covered them all we don't know but sh,e did it all by her self. Also Black Spanish Turkeys are very good broodies, Moms pet one always sets in mid May and won't leave untill mid aug. She steals the bad eggs but she trys, gotta give her points for the effort.

author
Mimikry (author)jany2011-07-15

yeah no breed beats silkies or brahmas in all that mommy-stuff :D

but the one shown in the instructable really surprised me - never thought that she would get broody at all.

shes a wild mix between different breeds, maybe there's a silkie in it somehow - she got real nice feathers.

the chicks from this Instructable are now almost 4 weeks and all healthy :)
it's a breed called "Iceland-chicken", the next im going to hatch are "Faverolles" (very handsome and bearded) and "easter egger" (the ones with green eggs :D )

author
Mirime (author)2011-07-18

The second pic is a very common one at our farm in the spring and summer. that evil glare.....(shudders)

author
Nemesis201077 (author)2011-07-15

Really nice work. I've ben keeping a few backyard hens for the past 4 years. We started with some hybrids, which unfortunately got eaten by a fox.
We now have 2 Buff Opingtons, a Welsummer and a Blue Belle. I think the Opingtons will make good brooders as they're lovely large birds and well feathered.
I have build an incubator, but might give the natural approach a try too when I have the opportunity.
Thanks for the clear advice on how to do this.

author
Mimikry (author)2011-07-15

thank you all :)

i Updated day 21 in the instructable - i forgot something very important

right now i have the next broody hen this year - a brahma :)
in about 3 weeks hopefully loads of fluffy chicks :D

author
sunshiine (author)2011-07-14

What a great ible! Thanks for sharing your hard work! Chickens can be such a fun experience!

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