This instructable is used with a lesson on middle school economics and business. The students learn to barter and trade for the items they need to create the headband while also learning how to make the band! They must trade items they have and avoid "wants" in order to get all the supplies they need to make their headband and turn it in to sell it for extra credit.
By bartering and trading for materials to assemble a hair band, students will understand the importance of trade, barter, needs, wants, goods, services and opportunity cost. Not only will they learn how to make a hair band with cheap materials but learn how to barter for the materials they need as well.
The directions are for the lesson on making the hairband.
Step 1: Materials/Resources
1 paper bag for each student
Enough of the following items for (1) per student:
3 strips of colored tshirt or bandana (fabric scraps)
3 hair ties
1 heavy duty clip (binder clips work well) or a safety pin (if allowed in school)
2 pieces of string
Prize of some sort (extra credit, no homework, etc.)
Varying amounts of the following:
Other colors of fabric scraps
Jolly ranchers or gum (small prizes to be used as “wants”)
Scissors (2 pairs)
Tags for those who are braiders (There will be 3 per class) (8 tags per person)
Posted list of needs hung in classroom
Posted rules for game
Step 2: Activities
Discuss the differences between wants and needs. Come up with a good working vocabulary and examples for each. We will also discuss trade and barter.
1.Students sit at their desks. Tell the students that they will play a game called “Barter for Bands.” To get 5 extra credit points (or whatever the prize is), they need to give the teacher a completed braided headband that will be given to the school store to sell. Students are given bags with various materials in them that he/she cannot open the bag until told to do so. Each bag contains varying materials (example – two pieces of string, a hair tie, maybe zero of some of the others). Two students will get only scissors in their bag while 3 students will get tags in order to be braiders. (these students will barter their services in order to get the items they need to complete their own hairband) Direct the attention of the students to a posted list of needs hung in the classroom.
2.In order to have a completed headband, students will need to gather 3 different colors of fabric, 3 hair ties and the services of a braider and scissor person to cut the hair bands . Have the students read the directions aloud to check for understanding. Explain that the students will have a set amount of time (15 mins) to trade the objects in their bags with others in order to retrieve the list of needs. After they have completed the task, they can continue trading for any other items they may want. They must have received all the needs in order to keep what is in their bags.
3.To retrieve a needed item, students should trade with others by swapping something from their bag, for instance, one piece of string may be exchanged for 2 pieces of fabric. Explain that there are enough needs for each student to have only one, so the class should work cooperatively and fairly to help everyone retrieve their needs. Explain that the students have 15 minutes to complete the task and afterward, we will check to see how successful each student was. Teacher sets the time and says “Go!”.
4.Students have to enlist the services of a braider and cutter in order to complete their headband-- they must also have all supplies.
5.Students will assemble their hairband and turn in for their prize (extra credit)
6.Following the game, have students discuss the process of bartering-list strengths and weaknesses.
Step 3: Rules
Must have 3 strips of fabric to be braided
Must have 2 pieces of string to ties the ends together
Must have 3 hair ties to use as elastic for the hairband
Must have a “certified” braider braid your headband (will have to have a tag to prove)
Must have elastic cut by a person with scissors
Step 4: Making the headbands
Steps to make the headbands:
1.Clip the ends. Use a heavy duty clip to secure the ends of the three strips together before you begin braiding. This will keep the end from unraveling as you braid the headband.
2.Braid the headband. Grasp the strip on the right and cross over the middle strip. Grasp the strip on the left and cross it over the middle strip. Take the strip on the right and cross it over the middle strip, and continue this braiding technique until you have a headband the size needed for your head. Cut any loose ends or areas in which one strand is longer than another.
3.Tack the ends together. Use a cut elastic hair tie to tack the two sides of the braided headband together.