Instructables

Healthier Homemade Mayonnaise

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What do you put on your sandwich? Some ketchup, mustard, or even some mayo? Mayonnaise is found all over but why buy it when you can make it? Making your own mayonnaise allows you to flavor it the way you want. And you control what goes in it (so none of that hydrogenated or preservative stuff :) Although homemade mayo doesn’t last as long as store bought, it’s a bit healthier for you and you can have fun making it. Homemade mayonnaise is a better alternative than store bought mayo and is very simple to make.

Note: This does have raw egg in the product which will spoil quickly if left at room temperature so keep the mayonnaise refrigerated! After all, no one likes to be sick :)
 
 
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Step 1: Ingredients

Here’s what you need:
  • 18 oz of olive oil- you can use other kinds of oil but olive oil is the healthiest choice (be sure to have some extra handy as the oil is what makes the mayonnaise thicken)
  • 2 egg yolks
  • 1 tablespoon vinegar
  • 1 tablespoon water
  • 1/4 teaspoon sugar
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1 tablespoon lemon/lime juice
  • Any other flavorings you want- Add some dry mustard or white pepper. Or even go green and add some vegetables.

That’s all the ingredients you’ll need to make about 18 fl oz of mayonnaise.
However, some equipment is also recommended:
  • A stand mixer- you can use a whisk, but trust me a stand mixer saves a lot of work and time
  • A spouted measuring cup (this is important for the incorporation of the oil)
  • A glass container to hold the finished mayonnaise

Step 2: Adding the Ingredients

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Measure out the sugar and the salt into a small bowl. Add the 2 egg yolks to the mixture as well. Add the entire mixture into the mixture and beat until a little frothy (just enough to combine the entire mixture together).
Netjunnkie3 years ago
don't use the whole egg, just the egg whites and it will be even more heathier
Only the yolks are being used here. If only the whites were used, it wouldn't be mayonnaise. It would be meringue.
jen7714 (author)  aeray3 years ago
I agree. The egg yolks are a pretty key part to mayonnaise. It makes the flavor and helps provide the texture as well. Egg whites are used to incorporate air in some recipes which means it won't work well in making mayonnaise.
Maybe true but look at this. It does not use eggs at all http://www.ezhealthydiet.com/homemade-mayonnaise-recipe.html
Though I have not tried it yet and don't know if it is going to taste as good as this but it seems that it could be even more healthier. Since Healthy is what we are looking for. But I do not want to sacrifice taste though. Guess I should try both.
"Healthier" and "vegan" are different types of categories in my opinion.

(I know this is picky but it's just "healthier." More healthier is redundant.)
marymac Batness2 years ago
One thing I was thinking about is anything that could be good for us won't be good if we have too much of it. I wouldn't dare to eat up a whole jar of mayo no matter how it's made. That would surely made me sick. It seems that almost any mayo might be just fine for health as long as the diet is nothing but the mayo or is largely made up of mayo. Right?
aeray Batness3 years ago
No eggs=Not mayo
No oil=Not mayo

You could call it a "spread" though.
Phoghat aeray3 years ago
I USED to be a Kraft lover until I made my own. I only make enough for 1 use so no spoilage at all. 1 egg yolk, salt and pepper, and depending on my mood and taste lemon juice (great on broccoli) Balsamic Vinegar (great for an Italian hero, hoagie or whatever they call it where you live)
Batness aeray3 years ago
Which is why I feel they should have their own category. Some vegan mayo tastes like the real thing, but I don't think it should be called a 'nayse. Honestly the "more healthier" bothered me more....
jen7714 (author)  Batness3 years ago
Agreed! This version is healthier but definitely not vegan. It is definitely healthier than store bought which contains artificial preservatives and the like.
marymac jen77142 years ago
Any time I ever made mayo I used the whole egg. Plus, anyone with allergies to eggs the allergen is in the whites. Meringue is made with only the whites. Not with yolks.
don't let people tell you that the white is healthier that the yolk there are nutrients in the yolk that you would be hard pressed to replace with just the white if cholesterol is a concern don't let it be because they have found that cholesterol in the blood stream comes from saturated fat not cholesterol you eat.
The yolks are what contain lecithin which creates a stable emulsion. Without the lecithin, it will eventually seperate back into water and oil.
Could you just add the fillings from lecithin capsules, or would you just might as well use the yolk?
jen7714 (author)  ERNesbitt3 years ago
That's good to know. I always use the yolks but I know some recipes just use the entire egg.
XofHope3 years ago
This is so great! For the first time in my life I was able to make my own mayonnaise! Unfortunately, it also led me to discover, and this has nothing to do with your great tutorial, that I don't like home made mayo... tastes to much of olive oil.
jen7714 (author)  XofHope3 years ago
Great! And thank your for the nice comment :) Although it's unfortunate that you don't like the taste. I'll suggest using vegetable or canola oil for a more "traditional" taste. I hope you try it again!
Honora3 years ago
In New Zealand a long time ago, the government health authorities asked the department of home science to come up with an egg-less recipe for mayonnaise due to cases of food poisoning. In those days, not everyone had a refridgerator.

So we have a recipe that uses condensed milk from a can and adds vinegar, It's quite nice! But only old ladies seem to make it now...

Regarding the salmonella issue, apparently boiling an egg for one minute is sufficient to kill the salmonella on the outside of the shell but not to cook the egg within. I have read that salmonella isn't found in the white and yolk but only on the outer shell.
chgoliz Honora3 years ago
So would washing the eggs before cracking them solve the problem?
drgn3693 years ago
this sounds great to bad I can't eat egg any more Guess I will have to stick to Nayonnaise (made with soy)
jen7714 (author)  drgn3693 years ago
I've never tried that! May have to look into it :)
vincent75203 years ago
Great.
May I add one important thing that I didn't see (maybe I read too fast) : the egg yokes must be at room temperature otherwise the difference of temperature between oil and egg will prevent the mayonnaise to mix up : the whole thing will be liquid.
You don't have to have an electric mixer, a fork or a hand batter will do thanks to elbow grease and a very fast and steady hand (that shouldn't not last 10' !
5' will do at the most : y aunts and grandma never used any other tool than a fork and made some almost every day !…)
Vinegar or any watery particle is needed to have both egg and oil emulsify (that is why some use mustard, the vinegar that's in the mustard doing the same thing). Some say the water particle in the egg yoke are enough, I tried it but did not succeed.
Otherwise salt, pepper or sugar is used according to taste : they do not help in the emulsifying process.
The main variation in France comes from the south : that's called "aioli". Basically you add 4 to 5 garlic finely mushed down to a thick paste (not chopped !…) and you can do without the vinegar (same : water from the garlic and elbow grease should do the trick). Make a very thick mayonnaise. Cold cod and all sorts of vegetable with aoili is a wonderful treat ! … In fact it has been known as THE local dish from the south of France … 
I promise : with a cool white wine called Muscadet or Entre Deux Mers supply will never meet the demand !!!…
Enjoy !…
also the mixing bowl should be warmed - (according to Julie Childs)
well have the bowl at the same room temperature as the ingredients
well - they all are supposed to be warm... so if you like your ac at 65 degrees - don't think that is considered warm.

I think home made mayo is great - and hey who the heck am i to argue with a Julia Childs let alone anyother women in the kitchen - I'm not that brave. Unless it's "my" kitchen - then i prefer that "my" women stay out of "my" kitchen. which - they seem to prefer as well so i'm not getting any arguements nor stuck with a "house wife" that sits on a couch eating mayonnaise she made getting fat.

Out of my kitchen and leave my dishes pots and pans and... my laundry alone - simple rules. And i like the results - so do they.

as for the mayo recipe above... here's what Julia has to add...

Julia Child’s tips for homemade mayonnaise:

Room Temperature: Have all ingredients at room temperature. If they aren’t, warm the mixing bowl in hot water to take the chill off the egg yolks; heat the oil to tepid if it is cold.

Egg Yolks: Always beat the yolks for a minute or two before adding anything to them. When they are thick and sticky, they are ready to absorb the oil.

Adding The Oil: The oil must be added very slowly at first, in droplets, until the emulsion process begins and the sauce thickens into a heavy cream. Then, the oil may be incorporated more rapidly.

Proportions: The maximum amount of oil one large egg yolk can absorb is six ounces, or ¾ cup. When this maximum is exceeded, the binding properties of the egg yolks break down, and the sauce thins out or curdles. If you have never made mayonnaise before, it is safest not to exceed ½ cup of oil per egg yolk.
well … anything that makes a good homemade mayonnaise is great …
As with any home made recipe each cook has his / her way of doing things (their "tour de main"), his / her secrets transmitted from generations … and the pleasure is tasting them all and compare and discuss our preferences …
The joy of cooking is as much in talking and trading as enjoying the food itself !…

So do not take my recipe and my informations as a norm …
well said vincent
t.rohner3 years ago
It's interesting, that a mayo instructable makes it into the newsletter. Don't get me wrong, i strongly support making these things yourself. In my parents house, there was no store bought mayo in the fridge. Every time, we needed some, my mom let us kids batter the stuff, while she slowly poured the oil in. Doing it by hand, lets you see the emulsification very nicely. In fact, it's the lecithin from the egg yolk, that helps to distribute the oil in the water.(Emulsion)
I would also like to mention mayo's close relatives. The Hollandaise sauce and the even more refined Béarnaise sauce. These are also emusified sauces, but the oil is replaced by molten butter and the watery component is a reduction of wine, vinegar, shallots and herbs. These sauces are so devilishly good, it should be forbidden to even talk about. (I didn't hear about them from Wikileaks ;-)
Eat it with asparagus tips or a medium grilled beef fillet or both...
You can nuke the yolks n the microwave and that should pasteurise them. Emeril at one time suggested boiling the eggs for two minutes to pasteurise them. Egg whites are not good at being a part of an emulsion. I have heard of people using baked potato and tofu as substitutes for the yolks.

As far as the stand mixer goes. I will still do it by hard. if you only do one yolk's worth. it is not that time consuming to do. I need the exercise.

1 egg yolk
1 teaspoon vinegar/lemon juice (if that much)
1 teaspoon table mustard (if that much)
Pinch of salt, pepper, and garlic powder
3/4 cup oil (just a tiny bit at first and gradually add more till the whole amount is used.
That's very similar to the way I make mine, I use the yolk of a soft boiled egg, it seems to work just as well as a raw yolk . I'll often make it as an aioli by adding a clove of garlic which has been very thoroughly crushed to a pulp in at the beginning. It's really nice on boiled new potatoes or as a base for a great Caesar salad dressing.
Cool! I have always wanted to do it with a hard boiled egg, but never tried it.
I tried it once with a hard boiled egg yolk and I wasn't happy with the results however I have had good results with yolks that were almost hard boiled by which I mean the yolk had firmed up but had not yet turned a pale yellow colour, I guess you could call that a medium boiled egg.

In any case, I always get best results when the egg yolk is still quite warm, normally use the egg immediately after it's been boiled and cool it just enough so that I can comfortably handle it.
I just made some hard boiled eggs and I have one left. I will try it and see what happens.
Any results?
Someone ate it before I had a chance to try. hard boiled eggs are the ultimate convenience fast food at this house. Going to the store tonight.
I USED to be a Kraft lover until I made my own. I only make enough for 1 use so no spoilage at all. 1 egg yolk, salt and pepper, and depending on my mood and taste lemon juice (great on broccoli) Balsamic Vinegar (great for an Italian hero, hoagie or whatever they call it where you live)
jen7714 (author)  Computothought3 years ago
You can always make less. Just make sure everything is still in proportion. However, I'm not so sure about putting the eggs in the microwave as eggs tend to cook and you don't want solid egg pieces in mayonnaise.

To make cooked egg mayonnaise (if you're concerned about the raw eggs), you would have to heat up the eggs with the other liquids and then add the oil.
KittyF3 years ago
Hmmmm, what's the sugar for? can you make it without? I'm diabetic and I don't use anything with sugar in it.
sugar cuts the acid taste a bit. am diabetic also and the pinch or 2 of sugar that you use is nothing in the diet it doesn't even add one carb to mayo.
maybe I'll try stevia. sugar raises my blood sugar.
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