Instructables

High Efficiency 9-volt LED Flashlight with Touch control

Picture of High Efficiency 9-volt LED Flashlight with Touch control
090518040b.jpg
Using only 10 off-the-shelf parts, this simple circuit converts power from a 9-volt battery to run 2 white LEDs at 20mA, while only using 13mA on the battery - which is over 90% efficient!

Step 1: What you need:

Picture of What you need:
090518024a.jpg
090518024xa.jpg
090518018a.jpg

2 x White or blue LEDs (25mA or better)
1 x Silicon diode (choose a schottky like the 1N5819 for better performance)
1 x BC327-25 or MPS751 PNP transistor (Do not substitute)
1 x BC337-25, MPS651, 2N4401 or PN2222/MPS2222 NPN Transistor (Do not substitute)
1 x 220uH coil inductor (see text)
1 x 10uF 10-volt (or better) capacitor.
1 x 1000pF (1nF, 102) capacitor.
1 x 10k resistor
1 x 1M resistor
9-volt battery and mounting hardware.

Most of these parts are available at AllElectronics Surplus and on eBay, here and here

If you want to experiment, you can try and make your own coil by starting with 15 turns on a toroid. If the circuit stays on by itself, add more turns; if the LEDs are dim, REMOVE turns.

Step 2: Assembly

Picture of Assembly
090518021a.jpg
090518024xa.jpg
With only 10 parts, placement is very simple.

The first picture below shows how I arranged the components. The next image shows the wiring on the underside. The third image is the 2 superimposed together.
 
Remove these adsRemove these ads by Signing Up
ImranK41 month ago

hey,can i skip the "TOUCH" part?????I mean, can i use just slide switch???


thanks in advance

ledartist2 years ago
I like the circuit!
Is it worth noting that this is basically a "buck" converter circuit?

Thanks!
qs (author)  ledartist2 years ago
Thank you for your comments!

Even though it acts as a buck converter, strictly speaking, the circuit uses a V-boost topology, one which is almost identical to one frequently used as a Joule Thief. The main difference is that the LEDs are placed in series to drop the voltage, and the output of the coil is 'folded' back through the diode to supply power to the capacitor across the LEDs.
ImranK4 qs1 month ago

hey,can i skip the "TOUCH" part?????I mean, can i use just slide switch???

thanks in advance

zoone5 years ago
how much did you pay for all the parts?
qs (author)  zoone5 years ago
The parts came to under US$2 - all or most of them are available from eBay, for even less.
Davidl3 qs5 years ago
where did you buy it?
qs (author)  Davidl35 years ago
I've been collecting, and experimenting with electronics for a number of years, but most, if not all of these parts are obtainable on eBay. In the USA, you can also try All Electronics.
I have a question about the switch. when you touch it, it comes on, but does it stay on only when it is being touched, or does it stay on after, and needs to be touched again to make it turn off?
qs (author)  lasermaster35315 years ago
The light stays on only as long as the wires are touched.
is there any way to make it stay on? like touch-on touch-off?
i think u need a button for that
basher345 zoone3 years ago
There's an App for that!


I'm sorry I had to say it xD
qs (author)  lasermaster35315 years ago
Such a feature here would double the parts needed.

Having said that, the 'magic' of this circuit is that it measures skin resistance to operate the light - in other words, a moistened piece of cloth held over the wires will fool it into turning on, and keep it turned on without being touched. That's one way you can make a 'switch' for it!

However, there is an even simpler MOSFet circuit on my website (scroll down to the bottom) that has the touch-on and off features.
yoyology4 years ago
 Elegant device clearly described.  5* and subbed!
qs (author)  yoyology4 years ago
Thank you! 
adnimo5 years ago
what scope / program is that?
qs (author)  adnimo5 years ago
The image is from a DSO-2090 USB scope - more details are here.