This instructable will show how to take an ordinary Mag-lite flashlight and modify it to hold 12--10mm high-powered LEDs. This technique can also be applied to other lights as I will show in future instructables.
Step 1: Tools Needed
12--10mm High-Powered LEDs (I bought mine from besthongkong on eBay)
Insulated wire (preferably ~20ga)
Thin plastic (preferably clear and flexible, I used PETG from a local supplier)
Step 2: The first step is to modify the light bulb
First, take the bulb and CAREFULLY break the glass inside of a bag with a pair of pliers. Using the pliers and soldering iron, empty the bulb casing completely of its contents. Then, using 2 short strands of wire, solder one to the end of the bulb casing and one to the outside casing. When you are sure that the connections are good, fill the bulb casing with glue so as to insulate the connections from accidental shorts.
Step 3: Design and cut out the array
I used AutoCAD to fit as many of the LEDs into an array that would fit inside the Mag-lite. The inside diameter of the Mag's reflector housing is slightly larger than 1.875". It turns out that 12 of these 10mm LEDs will fit. I printed out the pattern making sure to keep the scale 1:1. I printed out 2 of these identical patterns and taped them to the plastic. I drilled one of these in the small holes and the other in the center of the large holes--both with a 1/16th drill bit. I then went back and redrilled the large holes with a 13/32 drill bit. I then cut out the plastic using my scissors, keeping it just barely larger than the outer circle. I then test-fitted the plastic into the Mag-lite housing. It should fit loosely. This would be easier if you have access to a laser cutter, but with a little patience and some skill, you can do a decent enough job without such niceties.