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If you were playing hockey, you would not simply hop on the ice at game time and hope for the best. You would warm up beforehand so that as soon as your skates hit the ice, you're ready to go.

Yeast needs the same kind of warm up to properly ferment your beer! If you just toss your yeast out of the package into your fermenter, your yeast are going to be a little shocked by the sudden climate change.  A yeast starter gives your yeast a chance to warm up before you pitch it in your beer.

What is a yeast starter? In some ways, it is like a small beer batch that wakes up your yeast so they reproduce and get ready to eat up your wort and produce alcohol. Since yeast can reproduce a lot quicker in beer with a lower gravity, you will use a low gravity wort for your starter.The gravity should ideally be around 40% of the starting gravity of your actual beer recipe. And if you're brewing a  5 gallon recipe, you should make a starer that is about 2 quarts by volume.

Step 1: Step By Step: Making A Yeast Starter for Beer

Making A Yeast Starter

Step 1. Bring about 2 quarts of water in a pot to a boil.

Step 2. To your boiling water, add 1 1/2 cups of some sort of unhopped dry malt extract

Step 3. Optionally, add any kind of yeast nutrient to the water (about 1/4 tsp.)

Step 4. Let the solution boil for between 15 to 20 minutes, but keep an eye out to prevent boilovers!

Step 5. Turn off the heat and let the solution cool to below 90 degrees F.

Step 6. Pour the starter into a sterilized and cleansed container - something that can be made airtight and something that gives you at least 1 inch of headspace above your starter solution. Pop bottles work well for this.

Step 7. Shake your container to aerate the wort.

Step 8. Add your yeast to the wort - make sure to follow any guidelines provided by the manufacturer of your yeast.

Step 9. Attach a lid to your container - such as a stopper. Then outfit the lid with an airlock making sure to fill the airlock half full with water. An airlock is important as it will release any carbon dioxide gas that will build up in the starter.

Step 10. Find a clean, dry, dark, and warm place to store your yeast starter! This is the best sort of environment to keep your yeast happy.
I bought a Mr beer and I want to make the best dark beer like honey brown or negra modello or that taste
very easy to follow instructions, thanks for the great instructable....
If you leave the starter on the kitchen counter, you can just place a paper bag over it for darkness.
Thanks for the great Instructable on yeast starters and pitching practices. Can you also use this method for long term storage of your yeast? If so how often do you want to "feed" your yeast and with what food? Again thanks for the Inst.
When I make a yeast starter I generally use it within 24-48 hours. Also I don't use an airlock, just some aluminum foil over the top. This allows co2 out, air to come in, and stops contaminants. <br> <br>For longer term storage look up how to wash yeast and harvest it from other batches of beer. I keep mine in the fridge and they are good for a couple of months. But you need to make a starter to revive them. <br> <br>For even longer term storage there is a thread on homebrewtalk about freezing the yeast in a glycerin solution. Simply freezing your yeast in water will kill it.
Great introduction! :D

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