Introduction: Homemade Alcohol Stoves

I found that Alcohol stoves was very useful for backpackers because it's compact and portable.And i've seen lot's of instructables here and videos in youtube how to make one.,And i started to make one myself because i found it interesting how it works and i keep on making until i found what suits my need for it.It is very useful not only for backpackers,campers it is very useful too for home use ,specially in time of emergency situation when you run out of LPG fuel to run your stove.,during strong typhoons when powergrid are down and you don't have a choice but to use stove using charcoal or woods in which you normally do on outdoor only.,And i found that using alcohol stove is the best way to go in time of situations like this.That's how it made me started to build one myself and i want to share it here.

Step 1: Materials and Tools Needed

•Soda can (at least 2 cans)
•Cutter or sharp knife or blade
•Scissors
•Ruler
•ThumbPin
•Pencil
*Optional
•Sand paper (fine grit) for removing brand paint.
•Scrubbing pad for smooth metallic finishing touches

*(Optional materials listed below are needed and it varies on what type of alcohol stove to make)
-for this project i used the following aside from list mentioned above.

•High Capacity Hoop Alcohol Stove•
*open jet pressurized type
*fuel capacity 100ml or 3.38 oz

•Nivea aluminum cannister 169grams
•Pepsi slim can 250ml (1 only) 
•DuraSteel Epoxy (or JB weld)
•Fiberglass (Chopped Strand Mat type)


**i used Fiberglass CSM for this is the only material i have on hand(to use as a Wick instead of Carbon Felt(and i got lots of Fiberglass CSM.Left over from past project i made.

*NOTE: Other optional material are also needed if you need to build a Pot Stand
•some of  the stoves no longer needs a pot stand separately.

*NOTE: Different type of Alcohol Stove Design will be shown in some part of this ible.

Step 2: Alcohol Stove List

The alcohol stove type on wooden cabinet shown on image are listed here.,from top left to right 
1.Fancy Feast stove(out of Catfiod can and Sardines can-concept by Hiram Cook & Zelph influence (for using fiberglass instead of Carbon Fiber.
2.Soda Can Open Jet Hoop Stove 1
3.Soda CanOpen Jer Hoop Stove 2 with Alcohol fuel plastic Container on top.
4.Alcohol Lamp( commercial piece)
5.Penny Can Alcohol Stove by Jujitsu
6.Micro Capillary Hoop Stove-designed by Tetkoba
7.Micro Open Jet Side Burner Stove
8.Cannister for 6 Simmer Ring for all the stoves.
9.High Capacity Hoop Stove outside of the cabinet.(7th Alco-Stove).

Note: The 7th alcohol stove (High Capacity Hoop Stove)was the only one i documented while i'm making it. And I apologized for not making the instructables for all the alcohol stoves i showned here.,I did'nt document all of it.,But you can find great instructables for making one of them here in Instructables.

Note: the script written on the cabinet was already there when i got it from a japanese thrift store(if some may ask me what is it? i don't know!,The only thing i wrote there was the Zen logo found on the top left corner of the cabinet.And my name in Japanese script found on below right corner of the cabinet (i just converted my name via online converter to match the pre written script on the cabinet . :-)

Step 3: How to Make

How to make the stove :

•High Capacity Hoop  Stove•
*open jet pressurized type
*fuel capacity 100ml or 3.38 oz

*Gather all the necessary materials and tools ready and follow on step by step guide here and follow on images with  guide how to create some parts of the stoves.

1.Get the center of Nivea cannister.,using compass -draw a circular guide for cutting the hole equivalent to Slim Pepsi can diameter.
2.Score the circular pattern guide you just made using Exacto knife or blade.Until you cut it through.
3.After scoring and cutting of the nivea can.,Check if your Pepsi can (the burner) fits on the hole you just made on the nivea cannister.,Sand it with  sand paper to adjust the hole if needed to fit your burner.
4.Burner(Pepsi Slim can) preparation 
-just refer to the image how to make one.
5.Inner wall preparation
-just refer to the image how to make one.
6.Wrap the inner wall with Fiberglass
(this serve as your stove wick).If fiberglass is not available.,List of applicable wick material will be shown in some parts of this ible.
7.Seal all the leak using Durasteel epoxy or JBweld to prevent leaks.
8.Use aluminum tape to seal the fuel cannister(nivea can).I used aluminum tape instead of sealing it permanently with epoxy.,So i can repair it easily if problems occurs.,or replace it's  wick easily without damaging the whole stove.
9.After assembling all the parts together.,Test it using at least 1 oz of denatured alcohol .
10.If all works and burns to your liking.,A finishing touch of removing the the brand color that would add a chrome finishing  on your stove.

*Please refer to images for more guides

Credits to: 

*Tetkoba's concept of High Capacity Micro Capillary Hoop Stove 

*This is where i get the concept for this project but used the Classic Hoop Stove design of Trangia with wick on the inner wall as shown on image (Mini Trangia tear down by Hiram Cook)showing the cross section part of Trangia Stove with Cotton Fiber inside as wick.

Step 4: Burner and Inner Wall

How to make the burner and inner wall

Step 5: Adding the Wick

Wick Material
 
There are many popular materials used or that can be used in stove applications.  Many wick material are intended for high heat applications, but even some lower temperature rated materials can be used for lower temp applications or short term applications.

• I used fiberglass chop strand mat for this is the material i have.

Step 6: Sealing the Burner

•Sealing the burner's outer wall part attached to the fuel chamber top cover to prevent alcohol and vapor to leak making it tight sealed for best stove pressure performance.

•Attaching the burner and the inner hoop wall with wick wrapped on it.

Step 7: Stoves Performances

The alcohol stoves i made performed for me well.My recorded notes are as follows:
Note:Apology for i can't support it with video recording of the actual boil and burn test.

1.Fancy Feast stove
•Bloom starts at 10 secs
•2 cups of water boils in 6 min 40 secs
•Burn last at 12 mins 6 secs
•Fuel load  30cc Denatured Alcohol

2.Micro CHS 
•Bloom starts at 10 secs 
•2 cups of water boils at 8 mins 6 secs
•Burn last at 16 mins 10 secs
•Fuel load 30cc Denatured Alcohol

3.Open Jet Hoop Stove 2
•Bloom starts at 60 secs
•2 cups of water boils at 4 min 30 secs
•Burn last at 8 mins 10 secs
•Fuel load 30cc Denatured Alcohol

4.Micro Open Jet Side Burner Stove
•Bloom start at 30 secs
•Burn last at 3 min 30 secs
•Fuel load 10 cc only(Denatured Alcohol)
•No water boil test conducted yet

5.Penny can stove (1st Diy Alco-Stove)
•no recordings of test conducted.This was the 1st stove i used and used it for 6 days at home.,Performed for me very well-for cooking and boiling.,i was very satisfied with it.,The downside only with this kind of  stove was, it needs a priming pan that it doesnt matter to me anyway.,

6.Open Jet Hoop Stove 1
•Bloom starts at 10 secs
•2 cups of water boils at 4 min 30 secs
•Burn last at 8 mins 10 secs
•Fuel load 30cc Denatured Alcohol

7.High Capacity Hoop Stove(with Instructable)
•Bloom starts at 8 secs
•2 cups of water boils at 4 min 5 secs
•Burn last at 12 mins 57 secs
•Fuel load 30cc Denatured Alcohol

.: 100ml Fuel will burn up to 43 mins

*** used measuring cup
* 1 cup = 240 ml

Step 8: Stove Specifications

Step 9: Flame Patterns and Tests

•Flame patterns of the  project(High Capacity Hoop Stove)

•Different types of Alcohol stoves burning flames pattern as shown on picture below:

Step 10: DIY Pot Stand

I'm comfortable using pot stand on alcohol stove.,even some alcohol stove can stand alone with any pot without pot stand.
Here are the pot stand made for the alcohol stove.

Step 11: Result

As a beginner in alcohol stove.I found it very interesting and it's really fun to watch that blue flame coming out of those jets from the stove. that amazingly can boil and cook just like an ordinary gas stove at home.And i'm very happy with the result.,Credits to the people who i mentioned along this ible.,
So there it goes again.,another instructables shared here,hoping it help those who are planning to make their own alcohol stove though there are plenty of designs to choose from and we all know commercial alcohol stove are available everywhere.But building your own alcohol stove is fun and happy to play with.So there it is,hoping you find it helpful.,Thank you for reading!
Happy cooking !

Comments

author
Bigtoothcow (author)2016-04-15

Thorough but still very interesting! Would you happen to know if oil can be a substitution for alcohol with this, or does another design need to be implemented?

author
rodski (author)Bigtoothcow2016-04-16

A different stove design is needed to use oil as your fuel,you can try the Fancy Feast stove design with oil as fuel and use cotton as your wick(i think it will work),though using oil will scorch your pot's bottom.

author
Bigtoothcow (author)rodski2016-04-16

Oh well. Thanks for the help!

author
Thatguywithdreadlocks (author)2016-02-19

Do you need the wick or can you do without it?

author

You can do it with wick or not.,but i suggest to do it with wick.,It helps the stove's for fast ignition of the side burners(Flame bloom)i tried it first without the wick but and it bloom starts at 2mins,then retried it with wick and starts to bloom in just 8 secs.,Or you can try using the Capillary method using metal with grooves as inner wall.
for more info about wick check this link
http://zenstoves.net/WickStoves.htm

author
DylanD581 (author)2016-02-09

All of these alcohol stoves are well built, and documented. I thought using alcohol as the fuel in these stoves would produce a flame you can't see during the day, and only very slightly at night?

author
cbounty (author)DylanD5812016-02-09

You'll see them as good as gas flamme from your kitchen :)

author
DylanD581 (author)cbounty2016-02-09

What kind of alcohol do you use to power these stoves?

author
cbounty (author)DylanD5812016-02-12

i use methanol as it's cheap, last summer i used 90% ethanol from pharmacy as i wasn't able to found methanol but due to the 10% water it was longer to start

author
rodski (author)cbounty2016-02-12

i use ethanol which works for me fast enough to bloom it's flame.Have'nt tried using methanol,i read some blogs that using methanol must be used with caution.,it's toxic can penetrate on skin,effects can only be noticed on long term process of time affecting our internal organs (though not sure about it)or simply spilling it on backpacking can contaminate your pots and other utensils.Though if you use it with safety measures everything will be just fine.,Thanks for your comments.

author
cbounty (author)rodski2016-02-13

Ethanol is way better than methanol, as it has multiple purpose.

but once i could only found 70% ethanol from a pharmacy and it didn't worked as well as pure ethanol or methanol, one of y 2 stoves didn't even get to boiling.

I have to try your design, mine was with thick aluminium bottle. :)

author
rodski made it! (author)cbounty2016-02-13

Methanol boils faster and has 64.7 celcius boiling point that's why it's flame blooms faster than Ethanol which has to boil at 78.37 celcius.,But i prefered to use Ethanol(commonly called Denatured Alcohol).,it's easier to find.,you can buy it any local hardware in paint section.Yet using Methanol is ideal too for as long you use it with safety precautions.

image.jpg
author
gaming4lyfe (author)2016-02-11

really nice!

author
rodski (author)gaming4lyfe2016-02-11

Glad you liked it.Thanks!

author
rodski (author)2016-02-11

@spark master
Yes,i've seen that video before.,All coppertube with coin on both ends as seal.,He(benniblueyes)are one of the good craftsman in alco-stove making.Also kkmr & many to mentions.,And i'm planning to try out to builda coiled alco-stove and i'm gonna make an instructable of it.,i'll be using my spare aluminum alloy tube taken out from an old device back in 60's. :-)

author
spark master (author)2016-02-10

I enjoyed you manifestation (infestation) of the alky stove. I have several and made 3 or 4 . I always post this

for more info and more stove designs see < zenstoves.net > they have alky and wood burners. I really liked your potstand, alot, perhaps I missed it elsewhere on the web so I amk glad you did it here.

FLAME ON!!!!!!!!

author
rodski (author)spark master2016-02-10

@spark master ,Glad to hear that you liked my pot stand,your right,i got my infos mostly at zenstove.net , they really got lots of stoves designs there from wood to different fuel stove design.I just forgot to mentioned it here with my instructables.Thank you for bringing that up.,Thanks for the input!

image.jpg
author
spark master (author)rodski2016-02-11

check out this gents stuff, he is a master craftsman , you may wish to build even more!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hQi365cks-I

author
spark master (author)rodski2016-02-11

check out this gents stuff, he is a master craftsman , you may wish to build even more!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hQi365cks-I

author
rodski (author)2016-02-09

@MichaelK206
Thanks!,no i have'nt,maybe i'll try Heet(yellow btl)or other brand if i can find one on a local store here.

author
MichaelK206 (author)2016-02-09

Nicely done! I love the thorough documentation of the stove performance. Have you tried methylalcohol?

author
rodski (author)2016-02-09

@cbounty
you're right,thanks!

author
rodski (author)2016-02-09

@DylanD581
i used Denatured Alcohol,tried the isopropyl but it produces a yellowish flame all the time either the stove is with wick or not.

author
rodski (author)2016-02-09

@discostu956
Yes,one of the pot stand showed here came from Coles Australia-a coffee can,it's body was made of  composite material something like a hard cardboard(i think)sent by my sisters who lived there.You should try making one,because of it's lightness,Yes-there is a way to control those jet flames by putting a simmer ring on top of the center hole,some simmer ring designs was made to block some of the jets or underneath the stove to control the airflow(chimney type alco-stove).,Simmer ring varies on your stove design.
   Thanks for your comment!

author
discostu956 (author)2016-02-09

The most thorough documentation of these little stove burners I've seen yet. Very impressive. I've not yet actually built one, never had the need so far but I'll have to try it out soon. Do I gather your in Australia, going by the Coles smart buy tins?

I've often wondered about adjusting the flame on these. I'm often cooking a range of things when hiking, so having an adjustable heat is pretty important. I noticed you had the simmer ring. I wondered whether something that blocks half the holes, would that reduce the heat well enough?

author
petespringer (author)2016-02-09

I got the alcohol stove bug and have built hundreds of these stoves of at least 50 designs. I was looking for the 'ultimate stove. LOL. I finally concluded that a pop can cut off at 1.5 inches high (no double walls) with an oz of Alcohol does just about as good as any that I have built. I do love the appearance of jets burning at the edges/sides of the stoves, though. I love using hair spray pressure cans as the sides are thicker. Thanks for documenting your work, Rodski. An note. in this picture the sardine can with muliple large holes to spread heat out over a skillet bottom..

https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/5ANKwDcxhkZeh1tu9KR6rNMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink

author
rodski (author)petespringer2016-02-09

Wow!,nice stoves collection!,i'm shocked,seems like im gonna need to find a bigger cabinet by now..LOL!,anyways i wonder which one is your favorite?

author
rodski (author)2016-02-09

@petespringer

Seems like i got the alcohol stove bug too!,the symptoms was the same.,yet i have'nt found the ultimate stove too!,You're right about the hairspray material side.,

.,thank you for the input.,I really appreciate it.,I'll be checking the link you provided.,Thanks a lot!

author
rodski (author)2016-02-09

@sadra225
that must be the nicest comment i ever received here!,Thanks for appreciating it!

author
rodski (author)2016-02-09

@dyextor
Glad you like it!,thanks!

author
sandra225 (author)2016-02-09

I've seen a lot of these on YouTube. Yours are the best by far. Your instructions and presentation are very professional. Thank you for a job well done, Rodski.

author
dtextor (author)2016-02-09

Very nice picture with your wooden box!

author
rodski (author)2016-02-08

Glad you find it usefulness,thanks!

author
bobski_horner (author)2016-02-08

never thought about making one of these but can see it`s use when vehicle stuck in snow as part of a survival system. thanks .

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Bio: Electronics hobbyist and a DIYer and i love doing this stuff.
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