Introduction: Homemade DIY Power Bank Using 18650 Battery

Hello my dear friend,

Want to make power bank at home? Have old dead laptop battery? And want to make something new?

This is a very simple project. You need not to be very good in electronics. It requires very less components.

You can also do much more modifications in it.

I highly recommend you to view this video, it has every thing explained in details.

(This is my first video and project presented on net :))

Step 1: Gather Some Parts

Main required components

  • 18650 Lithium ion battery
  • 1A TP4056 module with protection circuit
  • 3v to 5v USB DC-DC step up module
  • A box/case

Tools Required

  • Soldering gun and some metal
  • Glue gun (if you have)
  • some wires

Step 2: The Boss of Power Bank - BATTERY

The main & costly part in power bank is Battery.

The price of every power bank is always dependent on 18650 battery.

Why to use 18650 only?
• Small in size
• Can store large power than any other
• can sustain High discharge current
• Light Weight


Where to find 18650?
• Old Laptop battery (good source, free, many batteries,original)
• Online or local store

Dead laptop battery also have some working 18650 batteries.

I highly recommend you to use at least 2 batteries. One battery is also sufficient. But more batteries will give you more mAh & more input charging current

NOTE-

Beware of FAKE batteries.

Use trusted sites, stores, brands

take care to do not short circuit. (high power = more precaution)

&& +ve terminal + -ve terminal + short circuit = loss of money


You can also use old 3.7V mobile battery.

Step 3: Connections / Circuit Diagram

Connect modules as shown in diagram.

Connections are very simple.

You can also use Single pole switch instead of DPDT switch.

If you want to increase mAh then connect more batteries in parallel.

2nd image shows connections that i had made for my power bank.

Circuit diagram is explained in details in video.

Step 4: Assembly

This is what I made.

I had not shown you how to make assembly in details. The reason is that, every person does not find same size box/case as shown. They can use their own innovative ideas for fitting all the items in what they find.

1) So besides that, I found a small box at home for my power bank.

2) I fitted a small plastic spacer to make space for battery with glue gun.

3) Then used battery connectors instead of directly connecting wires to battery.

4) Made slots in box using soldering iron (Old tip).

5) Put both modules in box and fixed using glue gun.

6) Inserted Battery & that's it it is ready to use.

Step 5: Testing and Modifications

I Had tested my power bank and shown in video.
The power bank works well & as expected.
The mobile is of 2500mAh
And it charged at the rate of approx. 1% per minute.
The power bank if is fully charged, then it can charge mobile once fully. Then it need to be charge again.
So i suggested you to use more battery. But if you want to make it small then use 1 battery.

Modifications you can do :-
1. Make inbuilt emergency torch.
2. charge by solar panels.
3. You can also use this as power source for arduino 5V projects.
4. Can also use old mobile battery.


A VERY BIG THANK TO YOU

Give your opinion regarding to this project & also any improvement needed for presentation & project.

Comments

author
edwinl33 (author)2017-07-31

I want to make a powerbank the same as the one you made. But consist of 2 18650 li-ion battery with 3.7v 6800mAh each. Is it okay for the TP4056 charging module to charge the 2 18650 in parallel connection?

author
edwinl33 (author)2017-07-31

I saw 2 types of step up boost module. Which of this 2 modules works best? The blue one output current is 600mah only, while the red one output current rated at 1A-1.5A.

Screenshot_2017-08-01-14-36-59.pngScreenshot_2017-08-01-14-36-37.png
author
ericliu126 (author)2017-05-12

Since i want to build 4 packs for my family, so I bought 20 18650 cells from

https://www.dnkpower.com/li-ion-18650-battery/

however, when i go on with the projects, i just find I have no tools to make them together,anyone have great ideas so that i can put them together with easy steps?

author
Mouse6452 (author)2017-05-03

If I wanted to add a voltage meter to show the amount of power that the battery had left, where in the circuit would I put that?

author
MaciejJ5 (author)2016-12-22

You wrote "I highly recommend you to use at least 2 batteries" but you connected only one in this project. Do you know if the TP4056 module will be working with 2+ batteries or I should use something different? I am looking to use 6 18650 batteries.

author
Rahul - S (author)MaciejJ52016-12-27

Yes. They will work. Only thing you need to do is connect them in PARALLEL. That's it. And it would be good to to use upto 4 batteries. More batteries provides more current and more risk. Thanks :)

author
irham21 (author)2016-11-04

Did it work like a normal power bank? I mean does it turn off when you don't use it?

author
rahuldj (author)2016-08-10

Thanks for nice video

author
qinchetan (author)2016-08-09

Why is the positive terminal from TP4056 is connected to negative of DC-DC booster converter?

author
Ted_lens (author)2016-08-08

How would you guys handle undervoltage protection? this device doesn't have it, it will basically draw power from the batteries untill they are at 0.9 volts, at which point the batteries will be dead and unstable.

author
Ted_lens (author)Ted_lens2016-08-08

I've found out your circuit actually has the undervoltage protection, but that is because u use an upgraded version of the tp4056 with protection module instead of the cheapest one!

author
YousefA26 (author)2016-05-18

I need 2A output. Would I need to alter your set-up?

author
Asharr1 (author)2016-05-06

How can one make these parts or purchase from??


  • 1A TP4056 module with protection circuit
  • 3v to 5v USB DC-DC step up module
author
Rahul - S (author)Asharr12016-05-06

HI Asharr1, I bought them on ebay.

author
Asharr1 (author)Rahul - S2016-05-07

Hi Rahul could u send me the link i could not find the step up module their.

nd would u tell me how much does it charge in 5 mins.

author
Asharr1 (author)Rahul - S2016-05-07

Hi Rahul could u send me the link i could not find the step up module their.

nd would u tell me how much does it charge in 5 mins.

author
munish4u911ex (author)2016-04-18

nice work buddy!

author
zeethestar (author)2016-02-11

Great work sir... keep adding more such creativ works... Do you know your Fancy Bracelet reeolved my broken friendship with my best friend ... thank you very much

author
lookielou (author)2016-02-08

Very nicely done.

author
Rahul - S (author)lookielou2016-02-09

Thank you, I'm glad you liked it.

author
happyhippy1 (author)2016-02-04

Great job, But you can buy a USB charger for a lot less on Ebay or Amazon that will charge longer.

author
RyanT9 (author)happyhippy12016-02-06

get enough batteries in parallel and you'd have a lot more power

author
Rahul - S (author)happyhippy12016-02-04

Yeah. You are right. But power bank is as backup. And for outdoor purpose.

author
happyhippy1 (author)2016-02-04

still a great job though

About This Instructable

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Bio: Hi, I am Mechanical Engineering student. But loves electronic mini projects. Also like to do creative things. In free time, I will be making something ... More »
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