Introduction: Homemade LED Solar Lamp
It's a LED lamp that use the sunlight to turn on, turn off and recharge a power supply (rechargable batteries Ni-Mh)
Here is a little video on instagram with an 8LED Lamp
Also we're going to explain how to make your PCB circuits for this lamp.
If you have any question, leave a comment :) or write to this email: firstname.lastname@example.org
We'll answer you as quick as possible
Made it by:
Step 1: MATERIALS & TOOLS
-Solar Cell; 3V-6V 100mAh-600mAh
-Rechargable Battery (x2); AA 1.2V/2200mAh-2500mAh
-NPN Transistor (x2) (Model used: 2N2222A)
-Diode (Model used: 1N4004)
-Resistor (x2) 1KOhm
-Resitor (x1) 10Ohm
-Copper Plate (5cmx5cm)
-Permament Maker (Sharpie)
- White LED's (x18)
-Copper Plate ()
Tools & Chemicals
-Minidrill (1/32" drill)
-Ferric Chloride (100mL)
Step 2: CIRCUIT
Here's a photo of the circuit.
If you want, you can make it first in a protoboard ;).
** Here is how to connect transistors too **
Step 3: PCB Circuits
To adapt the copper plate to the size for the circuit you need do a mark (with a pencil or Sharpie) an area of 5cmX2.5cm in the copper plate, for cut following the marks with scissors or a handsaw ( you can use a mini drill).
To mark the circuit in the copper plate, you need do it with a sharpie or print it on couche paper and, later to iron it on the copper plate, (also you can find here the circuit to mark it WITH MARK in your copper plate).
If you prefer print and iron it the circuit to the copper plate, you might take careful for not burn the circuit and assure that the circuit was patch in the copper plate, after you need put the copper plate in water. After patch or mark the circuit in the copper plate, prepare a little bowl with ferric chloride and water; put the copper plate and shake slowly (more-less from 5 to 10 minutes) ; DO NOT throw it; he ferric chloride is very hard to clean D: ).
When the only thing that you can see in the copper plate is the circuit, you can remove it from the bowl. Later you need clean the copper plate with a little piece of cotton and thinner.
In the images you can see PCB layout, which you will draw with the market or iron it. ;)
Step 4: Soldering
a. When you have already your PCB circuits (out of the ferric chloride), with the minidrill you'll drill each "dot" in the copper lines.
b. When you've drilled all the dots, you will start puting the electronic elements (unless transistors) in their correctly place over the plate
c. Your soldering station must to be hot and must thaw the welding. At this moment, you must to place the tip of the soldering iron near the place you'll solder. After 1/2 seconds you need to close the welding to the tip.
d. When ALL the elements have soldered, you solder the transistors. Because these are so delicates
//If you did not understand me how solder, we recommend you watching videos on YouTube ;)
Step 5: Testing
First, put the solar cell to sunlight. After 5 minutes, connect the multimeter with the terminals of the cell. Turn on your multimeter and position it in Volts. It'll show you the voltage of your cell.
Then, repeat the same but position it in Ampers. So it will be shown the current of your cell.
* * For best results, put the cell where the sunlight is hotter. * *
When the voltage of the cell is lower than 0.7 V, the light will turn on.
Step 6: ENJOY IT!!
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Please be positive and constructive.