Step 1: Parts
- A battery. This is the most important part and the hardest to acquire. A disposable 9v battery may be used, but it is much better to use a larger, rechargeable battery such as an RC car battery, or in my case, I dissected a portable 1000 mAh phone charging battery and used that.
- Resistance wire. This is another item that will be hard to come by. You can buy Nichrome or Kanthal wire (the most commonly used resistance wires) online in bulk or you can get them at a vape shop. If you can not obtain the wire these ways, take apart a toaster or a hair dryer and use that! The gauge (AWG) of the wire depends on your battery. I use 28 AWG Nichrome, but sometimes I wish I had a 30 or 32. The smaller the number, the thicker the wire, the thicker the wire, the more entertaining it needs to heat up. I would recommend a 28-32 for most people.
- Some sort of wire terminal. You will need this because solder will not stick to resistance wire. Also, this will make it much easier to change out your coils if they get nasty or bent up. I used cheap screw terminals that I got on Amazon. I got 30 of them for only like $6. You can also use a crimping tool and small crimps, but it sacrifices ease of use.
- A button. Simple enough... This will be used to send the electricity to the resistance wire that is coiled up.
- Various hardware... Sorry it is hard to specify here, as this depends on your battery, your button, your terminal, and what design you're going with. I used some steel sheet metal to mount my button, brass end cap to enclose the coil, and a plastic sprinkler piece for the mouth piece (all from my local Lowes). Head down to the hardware store and give yourself a lot of time to look around. Remember to always have your coil enclosed in a metal casing, be mindful not to have any burning plastic also making its way into your lungs.
- Insulated electrical wire
- A soldering iron and solder
- Organic Cotton Balls or any sort of wick (Silicon wicks, cotton wicks, etc...)
- Juice! (See later in the tutorial for DIY juice recipes)
Step 2: How Vaping Works
Atomizer vs Clearomizer (tank):
I'll tell you in short, atomizers are way easier to make. In an atomizer, you have the resistance wire coiled around a wick that is saturated and wet with the juice that you dripped on top of it. This happens in a small chamber and has an airflow source (a hole) under the coil. When you inhale, all of the vapors in the chamber are swept up and into your mouth. This is what I use in my homemade pen, but eventually I might make a clearomizer. Technically every vape pen in the world has some kind of atomizer in it, but when it is in a clearomizer, the wick absorbs juice from a tank rather than having to drip juice onto the wick yourself. The main advantage is the "ready to go" use, but these are much harder to make. There are clearomizers that have the coil up high and some that are down low. It would be easier to make one up high, rather than down low. In both ways the coil itself has to be in a central chamber within the tank, not in the juice. When the coil is high up, you can have the ends of the wick coming out of the chamber through small holes or slits and down into the juice, absorbing. When the coil is low, you have the wick crammed around in the chamber, with small holes on either side. The juice absorbs into the wick where the holes are. These variations can be altered and combined in different ways, to match your design, but I highly recommend started out by making a normal atomizer vape pen, and then working your way up to tanks in the future.
Step 3: How I Made My Vape Pen
Step 4: DIY E-juice!
Check this link to see what Lorann flavors are safe to vape: http://bestvaporflavors.com/best-lorann-oils-vaping/