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How To Build Your Own Cajon Box Drum With Adjustable Snare

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Picture of How To Build Your Own Cajon Box Drum With Adjustable Snare
In this instructable I will be showing you how to build your very own Cajon box drum. We made 2 Cajon drums for under 50$, so around 25$ a piece. I will be entering this instructable in the Musical Instruments Contest, so please vote!
 
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Step 1: Gather Your Materials

Things you will need will include: Wood- its up to you what type, we used 1/4 inch Birch Plywood for the drum faces. and 1/2 in Birch ply for the remaining 4 sides. Wood Glue. Screws- make sure they look nice because they will be visible. Snare Mechanism- You will need 1/2 of a standard snare wire set. You can find them here. Dowell Rod- 1/2 inch. The Tools You will need: Table Saw- or a handsaw if you do not have one. Screwdriver- one that matches the type of screw. Sandpaper- rough for getting the overall shape, finer grit for the overall finish. Dremel- or another tool that can be used to cut a circle. Drill- used to presink screws as to not crack the wood. Optional- Paint- your choice. Stain or varnish- your choice

Step 2: Start The Planning

Picture of Start The Planning
We've all heard it, measure twice and cut once. The goal was to make the Cajon Drum 1x1x1.5 ft (length X width X height). We also wanted to make the box sit flush with the ground, which means you will not see the bottom piece of wood at all. This overall made it a little complicated to do the measuring and lining up of the box. In the end we settled on an ideal design that consisted of 2, 1/4 inch panels (used as the front and back panels) that were 18.5 inches tall by 12 inches wide. the two sides (left and right) measured 18 inches tall by 1 foot wide. the top was a square that was 12 inches by 12 inches. the bottom was cut as to fit flush with the ground and measured 11 inches by 12 inches. Look at the picture if your confused, excuse the handwriting.
HanCrusader13 days ago

Could you explain the gear and the toggle switch more, as in how it works and how it was made? Also with the wheel inside that holds the dowel rod as well. That would be very helpful because I wouldn't want to mess up the most important part that makes the cajon unique than from being just a wooden box.

Thanks !

jʎɐɹ-ɾ14 days ago

Does the type of wood make a big difference? where can you find out about the acoustic differences between wood types?

Paladin600415 days ago
How well did this turn out for you?? It looks great but how does it sound?
Rykley! (author)  Paladin600414 days ago

It sounds good for a basic box drum. I still use it almost a year later for live performances and such. It gets the job done, which is what I needed.

I am building it now, thanks for such a simple and effective method!
We will post a photo when we finish.
Thank you!

-Eric & Bela

dreamchords10 months ago
Hi. Great, detailed build and awesome design!

Although, I tried using the same 1/4inch plywood for the front face, but it was not resonant enough and seemingly too thick for the snare mechanism to work. Is it positive that you used 1/4inch plywood for the front face, or could it have been much less, especially after sanding? Thanks.
Rykley! (author)  dreamchords9 months ago
I've seen Cajon drums with very thin faces. I used 1/4 inch birch ply in the instructable but you could go down to make it more sensitive. I found 1/4 inch was good for the amount of bass I wanted in it.
akamal uwk11 months ago
i love it :)
dirtyfingerss11 months ago
wow great job !
brgt4011 months ago
I don't understand the snare action. The picture in the link looks like the snares from a snare drum. I don't understand how those floppy springy wires are connected to the rod and to where else? How does rotating the rod press the wires against the drum surface? Please add more detail or more pics of the finished mechanism.
Rykley! (author)  brgt4011 months ago
The wires actually remain pretty firm and don't flop around a whole lot after they've been cut. The snare wires are only connected to the dowel rod by the holder( IDK what its called) that would normally attach it to a snare drum, if your confused look at the picture in step 4. The dowel rod holds the snare straight up normally, and when you turn the dowel it rotates the dowel and presses the wires against the inside face. The "gear" and "peg" that I placed on the outside of the box is a simple way to keep the wires from turning the rod back. Sorry, I don't have many more pictures of the snare mechanism. Hope this helps! Feel free to ask if you have any more questions!
sotack11 months ago
hi
K4nyix11 months ago
Hm very nice ! Might actually follow some of those guidelines if I get around to building one this summer ! Thanks ! (voted)
Rykley! (author)  K4nyix11 months ago
Thank You! I think everybody needs a drum of some sort.
Wow, I had never seen these things before and am very impressed by them. It's amazing the types of sounds you can get out of them. I kind of want to build one just to play with.
Rykley! (author)  NitroRustlerDriver11 months ago
Its a really fun build that doesn't require to much prior knowledge. And you get a pretty neat drum. Go for it!
Mad inventor11 months ago
Great build!

they're also known as "cajón flamenco" or "cajón peruano" if it doesn't have any snares.

where are you from?
Rykley! (author)  Mad inventor11 months ago
I made it with the adjustable snare because I love the sound of a flamenco. I'm from Florida.
Great job! Being a percussionist, I know these are spendy at the music store, this will definitely be a project I take on in the future. I voted for ya. thanks for sharing and I hope you win. Looks great!
Rykley! (author)  LongitudinalDielectricity11 months ago
Thanks!! Hope yours turns out as awesome as mine did!
pdub7711 months ago
Wow, your snare mechanism is almost exactly like one I came up with about a year and a half ago, but your gear idea is different than what I did. Great work! Have you seen my bongo cajon instructable?
Rykley! (author)  pdub7711 months ago
Thanks! I have seen yours! You did a great job also!
AnnaLove11 months ago
I love this!
hooyadiver12 months ago
This is so cool. This looks better than the one at Guitar Center for 150$.
stevedawg12 months ago
Really cool I voted
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