How to Care for a "Leopard Gecko"





Introduction: How to Care for a "Leopard Gecko"

Hi, this is my first instructable, and it is my entry for the pets challenge. The pictures i took with my phone were not great so some are off of google image. Anyways, heres some background information

The Leopard Gecko, or eublepharis macularius, is a small, easy-to care for pet. "Eublepharis macularius" roughly translates as
eublepharis; True/real eyelids
macularius; spotted

Unlike other geckos, the leopard gecko (And relatives) have moveable eyelids, and lack the special toe pads to climb up vertical places.. instead, they have small claws.

Step 1: How to Create a Good Home.

To give a leopard gecko a good home, you first will need a few things.

Depending On How Many Geckos....
1 Gecko - 10 Gallon Tank
2 Geckos - 15 Gallon Tank
3 Geckos - 20 Gallon Tank
Never, put 2 males in one tank, they will fight and could end up dyeing

Ground material (Sand, moss, wood chips) enough to cover the bottom with a few layers and have extra

Rocks & Hiding places - Leopard Geckos are Nocturnal. That means they sleep during the day and are awake at night.

Food dish & water dish

A Small in-tank thermometer - geckos need to constantly be at 85/90 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and can go into the low seventies at night.

A lamp with a heat bulb - Ceramic bulb, heating pads, incandescent lights (During the day only), etc. Do NOT USE A HOT ROCK, your pet will develop heat spots, and could die if it basks on it and falls asleep.

Step 2: Feeding

Leopard geckos are carnivores, which means they eat meat.

They mainly eat;
LIVE Meal worms
LIVE Crickets
LIVE Grasshoppers
and some other insects.

Don't get these insects from your outdoors, they could contain disease, could be poisonous, could be nearly extinct?

Step 3: Male/Female and Hatchlings

Though very little difference, you can tell the difference between a male and female leopard gecko.
The male appears to have a broader head and neck than the female and their body is usually larger. However, looking at their undersides, adult males have a prominent V-shaped row of pre-anal pores while the pre-anal pores of the female are not as noticeable.

If you find an egg in the tank/insert where your gecko is here, you will need to do a few things.

1. get another cage to separate the male from the female & her egg(s) with all of the usual stuff i have previously stated in step 1. Although, i wouldn't put crickets in their, use something like meal worms or a food that wont move towards the egg as much.

2. Incubate the egg. An egg will incubate at 79 - 83 degrees Fahrenheit



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    Hey !! Love the Instructable. I have 4 normal size geckos. Super Hypo Tangerine Carrot Tail 50% het Tremper. Murphys Patternless het 50% Albino. Texas Albino Eclipse het 50% Eclipse. And a Hypo Carrot tail Baldy. I also have 2 Giants. A Raptor with one pure red eye and other half red eye hes my male. And my female giant is tremper albino 50% Raptor. To fatten up my normal size geckos i put... 1 WAXWORM.. A FEW MEALWORMS/SUPERWORMS.. 1 SMALL DUBUA ROACH PER GECKO..... AND TO FATTEN UP AND KEEP MY GIANTS NICE AND HEALTHY. I FEED 1 PINKY EVER 3 WEEKS AND CONSTANTLY KEEP 1 DUBIA EVERY COUPLE DAYS.. AND A BOWL WITH 2 WAX WORMS AND 20 SUPER WORMS EVERY 2 OR 3 DAYS. VERY SUCCESFUL AND HEALTHY. LOVED THIS CARE SHEET.. GAVE THE BASICS TO THE ROOKIES. I Use a heat pad in the middle of my tank and have two cool sides .. One warmer then the other cool side... Never had problems.. I use paper towels.. Or you can go to family dollar.. And but sticky floor tiles for 10 dollars they last and when theyre time to change just throw in a new tile.. Awesome.. But i also love the idea of bigger wood chips. Also i love to keep more natural looking things in my tank also... But have never used sand.. Ive never had a gecko die.. But ive had a large female gecko eat sand and i thought she was pregna t but pooped out a pure sand poop.. Never again.. But really love this thread.. And hope my fattening solution helps everyone out !!

    1 reply

    Wow, that sounds like a cool setup! How wide is your tank then? Im considering moving the heat mad into the middle of my tank also, since I have multiple geckos in there. But the terrarium is only 29 inches wide, so maybe that is too small to create two cool sides?

    Thanks in advance :)


    20G for 3 geckos is way too small. You want a minimum of 10G per gecko, more being better. These are solitary terrestrial animals that need their own space, each one will also need their own hide (hot hide, cool hide and moist hide). Particulate substrate is not good as it can lead to impaction (even calcium sand is bad, it will lead to impaction and if the animal eats it for it's calcium, it can cause an over-dose of calcium). Just spend the $5 to get the pure calcium without D3 (be sure to have a good vitamin supplement that includes D3 to dust the prey with twice per week).

    2 replies

    I have a 29 gal tank.. And for the past year ive succesfully kept 1 male and 4 females in there with no conflict.. Also bred succesfully in the same tank.. I have tons of flat areas.. Multiply hides wood and plastic and 3 different levels so there is plenty of room for them. Its just how you set your tank up.. All are happy and healthy.. Never fighting over food when i have multiple food bowls.

    True! It's not necessarily the tank-size that matter, but the number of hides. If the tank has 1-2 more hides than it has geckos, it should be fine to house multiple geckos in there -even if it's medium size. I myself, also keep 4 females and a male. I have them in a 30 gallon tank, and I've also bred succesful from them ;)

    My Leo's are kind of pale and don't have many spots should I be worried?

    1 reply

    No, depending on the morph a lot of geckos don't have spots

    Ummm. I dont think you should use bark. although it looks more natural and gives the tanka more natural feeling i think it could harm his skin. a better substrate would be paper towels or newspaper.(yes newspaper) not only does this let your gecko be up to date with whats happening in the Human world it is more economical and i think better for him.  Also like dandaman919 says. thos vents probally could hurt him. a better solution would just be a normal aquariam with a screen top.

    Hope this helps!
    timmerguy 200


    3 replies

     or calcium sand which is a good alternative were it doesn't harm them when consume it in fact its highly beneficial because when they consume it the pure limestone will ad positively 

    Calcium sand isnt good either.. It digests to slowly through the geckos tract.. In the long term its bad..

    Actually the calcium sand tends to lead to impaction alot of times because the much of it is too big to fully dissolve in the gut and if your gecko starts eating it as a calcium source, it may lead to problems, Plus it tends to be more expensive than most other substrates.

    Use a calcium supplement, also you can use simple cheap play sand as a substrate. Though newspaper though ugly is a very good substrate.

    My gecko never basks on his hot side, he only stays on the cool there a reason for this?

    2 replies

    Probably because your cool sode isnt so COOL.. The hot side may be to hot and the cool side might be hot enough for him. And actually have a cooler sife. Hope this helps.

    Hot side is too hot.

    i have a blizzard leopard gecko her name is Katara. oh! and i have 2 male anoles. their names are Dusk and Dawn. what's awsome is they don't fight!

    1 reply

    In the same tank.?? Thats cool of its working but.. Leopard geckos are from the hot arid middle east grasslands etc. And anoles are from rainforests. With a very high humidity !! Hope everything still works out but just giving a little asvice!!

    Male SHTCT.. And my Female Giant Tremper het Raptor

    Male SHTCT.. And my Female Giant Tremper het Raptor


    I have a gecko and she is on the small side i need help how to get her fater

    1 reply

    Hey there! I would feed her a mix of crickets, meal worms, and a couple wax worms every other day. Be careful though... wax worms are very high in fat; they are like chocolates for reptiles! So don't feed her too many. Meal worms are good too, but their exoskeletons can be hard for smaller geckos to digest so I recommend crickets instead, but gutload them with fruits and veggies 8 hours before feeding them to the gecks! Hope that helps (: