Introduction: How to Create a Rechargable LED Flashlight

Using electromagnets, a small-scale LED flashlight similar to that featured in "Shake It Like a Tic-Tac!" can be produced.

With the setup for the Tic-Tac flashlight, the voltage produced by the magnet alone may not be enough to power up the LED. It is possible that the only reason the LED lit up was due to the rechargable battery not being completely empty in the first place. This theoretical experiment attempts to improve on the circuit based on one of the comments made on "Shake it like a Tic-Tac!"

Image taken from Shake it like a Tic-Tac! page.

Step 1: Parts Needed

1N4148 signal diodes x 2
Magnet 20 mm in Diameter x 1
470u Electrolytics x 2
White LED x 1
Magnet Wire x 300 ft

Ballpen case or some hollow cylindrical tube that can fit the magnets and accommodate the coils of wire
Pliers
Sandpaper

Step 2: Making the Magnet Tube and Wire Coil Tubes

This just calls for building a tube wherein your choice of magnet can move freely within. You can use pretty much anything (even rolled up cardboard would work) for the tube; just make sure that the tubes are stable.

Step 3: Making the Wire Coils

Basically, the magnet in the set-up will pass through two coils in order to increase the generated current. Each coil should be composed of winding the 20mm wire 600 times.

This is perhaps the most boring and time-consuming part, but it is crucial, as this is how the electricity will be generated.

What is important to consider is that the coil should be larger than the diameter of the wire in order for the maximum voltage to be generated.

Step 4: Assembling the Circuit

Mr. Mitchell over here (Jan 27, 2009) had a good idea of improving the circuit, and so here's his diagram to help guide you in assembling the circuit.

Basically, the circuit itself is in series, and it follows this diagram:

The coils actually sit flat against the slide (against the side of the magnet) as shown in the diagram below. You must get the end of the magnet to fully pass though the coil so the voltage will be a maximum. Thats why the slide extends past the coils at the top and bottom of the diagram.

You can solder the circuit together and, there you'll have it.

Step 5: Final Notes

The speed at which the magnet passes through the coils will determine the electricity generated. So, obviously, shake more rapidly, and you'll get light from the LED.

1.6v + 0.6v = 2.2v, and that is the voltage the coil needs to produce.

It is good that there are electrolytics in the circuit, since these will keep the LED illuminated for the time it takes for the magnet to make another pass through the coils.

If the LED still does not light up after following the instructions, be sure to check your connections to see if anything is loose.

Perhaps the LED itself may be busted, so be sure to check that out as well.

Good luck!

Comments

author
Sherriff made it!(author)2015-10-13

with the coil is there a + and - end or is it determined by the magnet or what? I'm new to this type of thing so any info would be much appreciated

author
Dashing+Rainbow+Dash made it!(author)2016-02-20

Neither. It puts out AC. Connect it to a bridge rectifier, and you'll get a DC output.

author
smick+v made it!(author)2015-06-28

ill try it

superb!!

author
whiskeysausage made it!(author)2013-06-25

Hi,

You mention making a rotary generator, but I have been unable to find how to make on on my own. Have you had better luck? Thanks.

W

author
Lectric+Wizard made it!(author)2012-11-20

Very confusing & I'm an electronics technologist !! You crapped all over the origional posting, then took pix from it & made the thing so confusing & useless ... for shame! I could not build anything from your instructions that would do squat !!

author
rohanpsp made it!(author)2012-04-05

i have made a tic tac which uses joule thief which increases output freuency led lasting for more than 4 mins recharging in 5 shakes.

author
johnrein made it!(author)2012-03-21

sir i wanna some flying mini project so please send me

author
Asbestos made it!(author)2009-03-20

What do you mean by "What is important to consider is that the coil should be larger than the diameter of the wire in order for the maximum voltage to be generated." If you mean the total size of the coil, well... naturally the coil is going to be larger than the diameter of the wire. The diameter of the wire is tiny. Do you mean the thickness of the edges of the coil, maybe? Should the wire be wound back over on top of itself?

author
joshuamjones made it!(author)2009-06-07

i agree, because in that case, if you went two times around, you would already be larger than the diameter of the wire. or does this have to do with the spacing of the wire maybe, but then again, that wouldn't make sense.

author
hesperaux made it!(author)2009-05-20

I, too, do not understand what you meant by that statement. I read it several times. =S I'm assuming the same thing Asbestos is: that the thickness of the coil should be more than the thickness of a single wire (in other words, a short coil with multiple layers instead of a long coil with one layer).

author
BuckyOHare made it!(author)2009-06-03

"Basically, the magnet in the set-up will pass through two coils in order to increase the generated current. Each coil should be composed of winding the 20mm wire 600 times." "What is important to consider is that the coil should be larger than the diameter of the wire in order for the maximum voltage to be generated." "The coils actually sit flat against the slide (against the side of the magnet) as shown in the diagram below. " WHAT? Explain please. You have one picture of winding wire round a paper tube, this is not helpful. The LED testing picture isn't helpful or necessary. How do the coils sit flat against the side, yet are wound around a tube? How does the magnet fully pass through the coil when it is wound very near to the end of the tube? What does the coil(s) look like after winding is complete? Where is the end product? This instructable is confusing.

author
sheechiibii09 made it!(author)2009-03-18

Oh! thank you for clearing things up about the circuitry of the thing. It was hard to imagine how the parts go together from a drawing on a piece of paper. It was a big help, thanks!

author
evildoctorbluetooth made it!(author)2009-06-02

thats a differenct circuit from the original, so shouldnt be used as a guide/

author
Havoc481 made it!(author)2009-06-01

does this one actually work because the last one posted was a piece of trash I tried to make for my high school science project and it never worked

author
Corpy made it!(author)2009-05-31

Woot That's One awesome project... I try made something like that too...xD

author
Zorink made it!(author)2009-03-18

Instead of a straight cylinder (step 2 and 3), would a hollow toroid work better? Rather than stopping at the bottom, the magnet would continue moving around the circle, so more motion = more electricity?

author
chinmoy1955 made it!(author)2009-05-06

A hollow toroid? Ya, a good idea technically, but very difficult to construct physically at home. To wind a toroidal coil, you require special equipment. Moreover, a magnet kept inside the toroid cannot be made to spin or rotate easily, it needs to be mounted on a spindle or some sort of a bearing, which further complicates matter. In short, it is not a workable idea.

author
Smokedasphalt made it!(author)2009-03-19

spinning d magnet in a hollow toroid wouldn't be easy! and u would even need a spherical magnet for that.

author
brunoip made it!(author)2009-03-23

would it work with a ni-cad battery ?

author
awang8 made it!(author)2009-03-22

Uhh... Yeah, I know it got featured, but have you even made this? There are hardly any photos!

author
madmanmoe64 made it!(author)2009-03-22

Whilst the circuit diagram Colin drew up looks sound, neither he or the maker of this instructable have bothered to build it and see if it works. Has anyone actually tried this? Normally that'd put me off but I'm tempted to build one and post my own instructable proving if it can be done.

author
brodyf made it!(author)2009-03-19

why does this feel like plagiarism to me?

author
akimbo+m made it!(author)2009-03-21

because there was a previous tick tac shake light done before..
https://www.instructables.com/id/Shake-it-like-a-Tic-Tac!/

However this one does have one design difference which i think makes it better...

if i can remember... the difference is in the design of the capacitor... basically in this one... he uses the quirk of the capacitor having a polarity... and thus aligning it in a diode bridge formation... to eliminate two diodes.

I think that's a pretty good idea... as it makes this cheaper and more compact to build.

author
hg341 made it!(author)2009-03-20

i dont think you made this...

author
lemonie made it!(author)2009-03-19

Have you actually built this?
(doesn't look like you have)

L

author
Mikey+D made it!(author)2009-03-19

I teach HS electronics and had the low V problem with making the tic tac lights. this would help if I could understand how the coil (coils?) mount in relation to the magnet tube. A picture (several close ups) of the finished product would help immensely! The last pict just looks like an LED Throwie.

author
flock made it!(author)2009-03-18

this sounds easy and fun. i'll try making it for my extra cred project. thanks for posting!

author
maxone76 made it!(author)2009-03-18

Man! What are you talking about clearing things up? You've got 5 steps from the 9 in the original! Tha't not clearing things up! And some instructions were also vague, it seems to jump from one procedure from another.

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