Instructables
Picture of How To Develop Film
Lately I have been developing film. Its total cost with shipping and everything was about 22 dollars. You have to understand this is not a professional way of doing things although you can get great results. This is for a small hobby not for developing hundreds of rolls, and is only in Black and White.
 
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Step 1: Tools and Materials

Picture of Tools and Materials
Here is what you need:
     
Chemicals: 
Kodak T-Max Developer and Fixer. 
List of ingredients:  Vinegar, rubbing alchohol, and water
Materials:  Measuring cups, Timer, Storage Bottles (labels, charts, and mixing ratio on the bottle are very helpful), Wire, a Completely Darked out room, Binder clips, Pillows and blankets to put under door and block out light, Bottle opener, Small plastic tube from a pen, Roll of tape (for a weight), Film reels for developing (choose appropriate size for the mm of film you are using, and a Container large enough to hold the film reel and has a water tight lid
Tools: Plyers, and Scissors

 

Step 2: Developer

Picture of Developer
My developer: Was 1 part concentrate to 4 parts water. So Mix it up and store it in a bottle, I like using gatorade bottles cause they are thick and sturdy. Before you put anything in any of the bottles wash them with hot water so no sugary residue will be left on the film. I also put labels on the bottle along with timing charts. It is a good idea to use different bottles cause in the dark you cant tell the difference in the dark.

Step 3: Stop Bath

Picture of Stop Bath
The Stop Bath: is simply 1 part vinegar 4 parts water, and it stops the film from developing.

Step 4: Fixer

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The Fixer: is probably the most complicated cause you cant mix all of it up at once. It has a shelf life of two months. It is also a weird ratio. From what I can remember it is 0.8 fixer powder to 3 parts water? All fixer is different so figure out the logistics of all the chemicals you have purchased.
Sorry for being an idiot, but how do you make the pictures big?

You can scan them into your computer and order prints, or just take them to walgreens/CVS/walmart and have them made.

http://photo.tutsplus.com/tutorials/shooting/scanning-negatives-with-your-digital-camera/
frenzy2 years ago
Hi this is a really well done instructable, but are you doing everything in total darkness? i'm used to the kinds of containers that block out light during the process so you only have to be in complete darkness for the time it takes to put the film in the container

also for getting the film out of the canister, I've used bottle openers if you don't have that tool

awesome work!
Thanks! and yes i do everything in total darkness.
WOW.
goldbar29752 years ago
can you show us the end projects?
krf2 years ago
1.If you have windows, you can make effective light blocks by first covering the opening with cardboard cut from old boxes, then hanging a curtain made of several layers of black construction plastic.

2. When I developed in my bathroom, I built a rack that sat on top of the bathtub.
It gave me additional space for tanks, trays, etc. and had the advantage that any spills went into the bathtub and not on the floor.
Thats a really good idea!
To save all the hassle, I recommend picking up a changing bag and lightproof development tank, both can be had for about $20 and would allow you develop in the comfort of having the lights on. Makes the process 1000x easier than trying to do every single step in complete and perfect darkness.
onemoroni12 years ago
I have done my own developing and printing way back when and would like to do it again (still have enlarger and trays etc) and I like a couple of your suggestions. The vinegar and alcohol use being common household items. Let me give another trick, use a hair dryer on low to dry your negatives faster. Maybe an instructable in the making is a project to make a compact drying cabinet with a hair dryer and filter to provide clean dry air. Peace
I didnt even think of using a hairdryer. But you have to be careful cause i know people who heat the emulsion off for effects.

http://www.instructables.com/id/Dr-Lab-Experiment-One-Do-the-Dishwasher/
All due consideration for your purposes. Peace
I AM A RADIOGHER AND I DO X-RAY FILM ALL DAY LONG. IT SEEMS LIKE THE SAME PROCESS. THE ONLY LUCKY THING I HAVE IS THAT I HAVE A PORTABLE DARKROOM ON THE BACK OF MY TRUCK.
Aw lucky I would love to do that!
YEA, WE DO RUN ALOT AF FILM. I'VE BEEN DOING IT FOR 23 YEARS. I CAN REMEMBER MY OLD MAN RUNNING BLACK AND WHITE FILM AND DOING THE PHOTO'S THAT IS FUN TOO. I REMEMBER TRYING TO MAKE IT THE RIGHT SIZE AND RUNNING THAM THE CHEMS.
ron110n2 years ago
Thanks for sharing the film developing survival guide. In the absence of T-Max Developer, Coffee can be an alternative. Yes I noticed that that the BW400CN (RGB) require a C41 developer different from grey-scale films. But I am not saying that we cannot use T-Max Developer on Kodak BW400CN. I have seen good results on Agfa Scala (B&W Transparency) processed in B&W neg film developers instead of E6.
If you are using a rapid fixer, the fixing time is around 3-5 minutes. If you are using a T-Max film then it is 5-7 minutes. It shouldn't be more than that.

K.
Here is the information sheet for Kodak's own chemicals for more accurate timing information:

http://www.kodak.com/global/en/professional/support/techPubs/edbwf/edbwf.pdf

K.

Thanks, ive been looking for these!
Do you post any of your images on the web? I would love to see them.
No, if I do i will tell you.
Nano_Burger2 years ago
I love your inventiveness, but I'd have to go with thearchitect here, purpose built tanks are so much easier to use!

I'd like to point out that the film you show being developed here is Kodak BW400CN which is a chromogenic black and white film. That is a fancy term that means it was designed to be developed as color film in C-41 chemistry. You are developing it as a regular silver black and white film.

Not that there is anything wrong with that, I've developed C-41 film stock as black and white all the time:

http://www.flickr.com/groups/c41inbw/

Technically, you are "cross processing" the film even though you end up with the same result at the end.

Actually I just had a roll of film in my room. I never had dismantled or developed it, the actual film shown in the instructable was just a piece that had been accidentally exposed so i kept to practice loading and teach people.
Ahh, I see. Just the same, it may confuse some newcomers to film developing. C-41, E-6 and black and white are distinct regimes. However, the adventurous can cross process to their hearts delight, except black and white film in C-41 or E-6 as you you will end up with blank film.
gtoal2 years ago
It's a long long time since I've done kitchen-sink photography (we used to mix up our own developer from scratch in the school chemistry lab! That was really fun!) but I vaguely remember that we used dark bottles for the chemicals for a good reason. Don't they go off really quickly in clear bottles or don't you ever keep them long enough for that to be a problem?
I keep them in my closet so they dont get too much light but I think the light is only a problem for the fixer. So I mix enough for only one or two batches.

Yes but most detergents nowadays have coloring and other substances that leave residues on film, so I use rubbing alcohol for the fast evaporation.
gtoal2 years ago
By the way, wetting agent is basically just dish-washing soap, but unfortunately dish soap has a frothing agent added because apparently in the 1950's, someone like those guys in Mad Men decided that housewives just loved bubbles and we've been stuck with that ever since.
Thanks for this great instructable!

Here is a tip for you:

I have been developing my own B&W film at home for many years. If you use a changing bag and a developing tank, then you won't need a darkroom or risk fogging your film. And no more blankets, too!

A changing bag is a double lined black light-proof bag with two zips. You put your film, scissors, developing tank and reels, and bottle opener in the bag. You insert your hands in the changing bag (through rubber-tight holes) and find your way with feeling the materials inside. It takes a few tries after getting used to it. You can load your film in the developing tank while watching TV! Then you take it out of changing bag.

Once loaded in the developing tank, your film is protected from daylight, but you can still pour chemicals in the tank. You agitate using the special rod. There are tanks which take multiple reels so you can develop several rolls at once.

Search ebay for used ones, they are cheap. I personally prefer Paterson System 4 tanks, but many people find its plastic reels a pain in the a**. For a dark bag try to find something made of cotton and your hands will not sweat much (which is not good when handling film).

Good luck!

Koray