Introduction: How to Draw a Room Using One Point Perspective
By making a drawing using one point perspective, students will learn to make a two-dimensional space appear three-dimensional. Students will learn how to use a vanishing point to create a room interior.
To create a room using One Point Perspective you need to know a few basic things. One Point Perspective is also called Parallel Perspective because YOU the viewer (and artist) are parallel to the objects that you will be drawing. Also, vertical lines are parallel and horizontal lines are parallel and the back edges of objects that recede in the distance are parallel to the front edges of those objects.
Step 1: Step 1
Step 1: To begin your room in one point perspective...using a pencil and a ruler, lightly make an X by connecting the right top corner to the left bottom corner of your paper and by connecting the top left corner to the bottom right.
Step 2: Step 2
Step 2: Using pencil and ruler, lightly make a rectangle on the X...be sure to make the vertical lines and horizontal lines of the rectangle parallel to the sides of the paprer.
Step 3: Step 3
Step 3: Now we will make a light oblique line from the left back corner of the room to the front right corner. Draw this lightly with pencil and use the ruler. This will be a "guideline" on adding tiles or boards for your floor.
Step 4: Step 4
Step 4: Next, using the pencil and ruler, lightly draw oblique lines from the center of the X (called the vanishing point) to the front of the floor which is at the bottom of the paper. These lines will be floor tiles, so you can space them like you want them...they could also be boards for a wooden floor.
Step 5: Step 5
Step 5: Now you can make tiles using the last lines you added in Step 3 and 4. Lay the ruler parallel to the bottom of the paper and make a horizontal line across on the floor of the room where the guideline meets the first oblique line.
Step 6: Step 6
Step 6: Continue adding the horizontal lines until the tile floor is created.
Step 7: Step 7
Step 7: Now we'll add a window and a door. Start by deciding how tall the window and the door should be. Start these by making a vertical line on the two receding walls.
Step 8: Step 8
Step 8: Continue the door by connecting the top of doorway to the vanishing point. Continue the window by connecting the window to the vanishing point.
Step 9: Step 9
Step 9: Complete the window and door by adding a vertical line for the back edges. These vertical lines will be parallel with the front edges.
Step 10: Step 10
Step 10: Complete the room by adding a rectangle window in the back of the room and erase all connecting (converging) lines that are no longer necessary. Finish by adding furniture and shading and your own creative touches!