Introduction: How to Make a Boat With Shelving
In this instructable I will show you how to make a wooden boat with shelving.
The materials you will need will be: roll of construction paper, 1/2 of a sheet of 3/8 inch beaded oak plywood, 1/2 of a sheet of 1/4 inch oak plywood that is finished on both sides, 1/2 of a sheet of 1/2 inch birch plywood,10ft of 3/4 inch in oak, wood glue, staples, nails, and a stain of your choice.
The tools you will need to use in this project is a table saw, a band saw, a jig saw, a sander, a belt sander, a miter saw, a drill, clamps, a staple gun, and a finish nailer.
Step 1: Creating Your Pattern
For this step you will need your sheet of construction paper. I started out by rolling of about 6 ft long of construction paper out and i cut it about 6 ft long, I then found the center of the construction paper, Next I got a piece of scrap ply wood I had laying around my shop and used that to create the bend for the pattern. I then copied that side onto the other side of the pattern. Then I cut out the pattern. Now you are ready to make the back panel.
Step 2: Making the Back Panel
Next I ripped my 1/4 inch and 1/2 inch plywood down to 24inches wide, I then glued those two pieces together to create the back of the boat, let that dry. I then marked on the back side of the shelf where I wanted to place the shelving because it is easier to mark where you want your shelf when your piece is square. Shelf locations are your own preferences, I marked my shelves at, from bottom to top, 12", 23 1/2", 35", 46 3/4". Next take your pattern and align that with the piece that you have just glued together and trace around the edge of the pattern, then cut the pattern that you have traced out, after i cut the back piece out I sanded the edges to get rid of all of the saw marks. I then sanded the front and back of the panel so I didn't have to go back and sand them after I put the shelving in because it is easier.
Step 3: Adding the Shelving
Rip your shelves down, bottom shelf is 8" wide, other shelves 6 1/2" wide (you can make the shelves whatever size you want). Mark the shelf length on the bottom panel because the angle will change with each shelf, mine are: Bottom shelf 14 degrees, 4th shelf 7 degrees, 3rd shelf 0 degrees, 2nd shelf 6 degrees, 1st shelf 13 degrees. Marking the shelves on the bottom panel will give you your angle. After I got all of my shelves cut off I sanded all of the shelves. Next I continued my lines that we drew earlier on the side of the back panel so I would know where to align the shelves, I then pre drilled holes through the back panel where my shelves are connecting too. I used 1 5/8" screws to fasten the shelves to the back panel. I then aligned the shelf with the lines on the side of the back panel and then clamped them down so I could screw them in from the back, you can also run a bead of wood glue across the back of the shelf before you screw them in but make sure the glue does not run out the sides of the board because when you go to stain it the glued area will not accept the stain. Continue doing that for all of your shelves. Next you will cut your bow piece, The bow piece is 7 1/4" x 1 1/2" with a 28 degree angle creating a triangle piece, now screw you bow piece at the top so your side panels will have something to connect too. Now your Boat is shelved and ready for the side panels.
Step 4: Adding Side Panels
Now take your sheet of 1/4" ply wood and rip two pieces that are 8" wide, this will make your side panels. Next mark your panels to length. I marked mine by clamping the front edge flush with the bow piece and then marking the bottom to length, do that with both panels. Once I got both of my panels cut to length I sanded the side that was going to face the shelves because it is easier to go ahead and sand it. Next you are going to want to nail and glue your side panels on. I used 1/4" x 1" staples, again make sure you don't get glue on any areas that you want to stain. I nailed my side panels on by stapling and gluing the front to the bow, and then I put wood glue on all of the ends of the shelves and then nailed the panels on to the shelves, do that for both sides. Then putty and sand all of your nail holes. Now you are ready for your top rail pieces.
Step 5: Adding Your Rail Pieces
This step is all custom to what you want, this is just what I did. I started by ripping strips that were 3/8" x 3/4". I made spacers and placed them about every shelf and then a long strip at the top, next I took my other piece that I cut out and roughly cut it to size by putting it on the outside of the boat and then marking the bottom. I did that for the inside rail piece too. If your pieces do not fit perfectly thats fine, we will hide all of the ends when we make the trim pieces in the next step. Before you put your rail pieces on be sure you sand them. Start by nailing and glueing your spacers on, then pin nail and glue your in side and out side pieces, be sure to use plenty of clamps. Let that set up over night. Once that is dry remove you clamps and sand the top of the rail with a belt sander to make the top pieces are even, then go back and putty all cracks and nail holes. After the putty drys go back with a finish sander to sand the excess putty off and to smooth everything down. Go through the same steps to complete the other side rail. Now you are ready to make your trim pieces.
Step 6: Adding Your Trim Pieces
You can make your trim pieces how ever you want them to look, the trim pieces are just for decoration and to cover up the tops and bottoms of your rail pieces, that being said your trim pieces are completely custom to you. I made my top trim piece like a triangle figure with an arched bottom piece to give it some decoration. To make my bottom piece I roughly drew a decorative piece that would cover up the ends of my rail pieces. I nailed and glued both of those pieces on and then puttied the nail holes and went back and sanded the putty off. After that I routed the edges of my top and bottom trim piece to round the edge off to give it some more decoration. After that I sanded the entire boat once again to prep it to be stained.
Step 7: Stain and Poly
This step is also completely custom to you, you can stain it like I did or you can paint it. I used a golden pecan stain and then let that dry over night. The next day I put 3 coats of minwax fast drying polyurethane. Now your boat with shelving is complete!
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