Instructables

How To Make A Dark Sensor

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Hey guys ,
In this project I am going to show you how to make a dark sensor using a single transistor and some few resistors in just 3 simple steps .
here is my video this is my old dark sensor

                  

 
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Step 1: Things You Need

Picture of Things You Need
Parts:-
1) 1x BC547 transistor 
2) 1x 220 k resistor
3) 1x 330 ohms resistor
4) 1- small perf board
5) 1x led (any colour )
6) wires
7) 9v battery 
8) battery clip
9)ldr(light dependent resistor )
Tools:-
1) soldering rod and wire 
2) wire stripper 

Step 2: Getting started

Picture of Getting started
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solder the transistor on the perf board and solder one wire of the ldr to the emitter and other to the base  , solder the negative wire of the led to the base of the transistor with a 330 ohms resistor and also solder 220k resistor with the one side of the 330 ohms resistor
aaamir217 days ago

i have a problem.
i have followed the steps
but instead of Dark its working as a Light Detector any idea why Thanks

Pranavthegreat (author)  aaamir217 days ago
just change reverse the transistor because using this circuit you can make both light as well as dark sensor
lukeD7 months ago
hello, nice ible!
is there a way to control how much light there is needed to light up the led? i think it would be possible with other resistors, wich one would that be?
I want it to light up when it is only half dark.
Pranavthegreat (author)  lukeD7 months ago
Replace any other resistor instead of 100 k or use a 100k pot so that u can change sensivity of the sensor
muhammad-zka9 months ago
am i able to use it on 12v dc for a smd LED ??? IF SO TEll me about the things needed.
Pranavthegreat (author)  muhammad-zka7 months ago
I think so u cant as the the transistor will nt be able to bear that much current
I have a question because i am kinda dummie.i cant understand how this circle works, imean the led should light when there is light in the room and not the opposite.i have followed yous instructions and it really worked but i need an explanation i think. ;/
Pranavthegreat (author)  ππατσάκης10 months ago
actually using the same circuit u can make a light sensor too you just have to change the place of the resistors , instead of the 220k ohms resistor use LDR and replace LDR with 220k ohms resistor and then you can light up the led when there is light , if still dont understand just try the project on the breadboard.
if i use 3 leds (1.5v each) and 4.5v power . do i need any resistors?or the resistors have a different purpose?
Pranavthegreat (author)  ππατσάκης10 months ago
There is no need of any other resistor as you are already using 330ohms resistor which is for the led , I hope this will help you
ToXiCATOM10 months ago
Can i use H SC945P transistor?
Pranavthegreat (author)  ToXiCATOM10 months ago
you can try using it but i prefer you should use BC547 as it is suitable for this circuit you can also use BC546, BC548, BC549, BC550
hi thanks for sharing.
but i want to know that how can i control my room light with a dark sensor
Pranavthegreat (author)  Rohit.panwar00111 months ago
hey rohit thank you for your comment and I am also trying to control my room lights with a dark sensor and I have searched a lot ,you can use a relay to control the 220W bulb or simply google it
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