Introduction: How to Make a PCB / PCB Making Guide

Picture of How to Make a PCB / PCB Making Guide

In This Instructable, You Will Learn That How To Make A PCB In Just 9 EASY Steps. You Can Make Any PCB In Your Home With This Tutorial, There Is NO NEED OF ORDERING THE PCB ONLINE WHICH IS VERY EXPENSIVE. This Does NOT Require Any Special Skills

Things Needed :-
1. Copper Clad Board
2. Glossy Photo Paper or Magazine Paper (I Used Glossy Photo Paper)
3. Copper Etching Chemical (Ferric Chloride or Hydrogen Peroxide) (I Used Ferric Chloride)
4. Iron
5. 2 Containers (1 Small And 1 Big) (Make Sure That The Smaller One Gets Fitted Between The Bigger One, There Must Be Space                 Between Them)   
6. Hand Drill Machine (With 1mm Bit)
7. Laser Printer (If You Don't Have Then Draw the Designs With Permanent Marker On Copper Clad Board)
8. PCB Designs On Your Computer (Make Your Own In Proteus Software)

Step 1: Design Your Schematics and Print Them

Picture of Design Your Schematics and Print Them

Download Any Design Or Make Your Own. I Used Proteus.

Print The Design On Glossy Photo Paper Or Magazine Paper Using Laser Printer Only.

If You Don't Have A Laser Printer Then You Can Draw The Design With Permanent Marker On The Copper Clad Board.

Step 2: Prepare Your Copper Clad Board

Picture of Prepare Your Copper Clad Board

To Prepare The Copper Clad Board :- 

1. Apply Liquid Soap Or Dishwasher Liquid On The Copper Clad Board
2. Rub Steel Wool On It Till It Gets Shiny
3. Rub It With Scotch-Brite
4. Soak It With Water
5. Finally, Clean It With A Cloth

Now Your Copper Clad Board Is Ready For Toner Transfer (Toner Onto The Board) .

Step 3: Toner Transfer (Transfer of Toner Onto the Board)

Picture of Toner Transfer (Transfer of Toner Onto the Board)

For The Toner Transfer:-

1. Heat The iron to its Maximum Setting.
2. Cut The Design And Place It Upside-Down On The Board And Make Sure That It Is Completely on the Board.
3. Slowly Move And Press the Iron On The Board with Pressure For 20-25 Minutes.

Step 4: Washing the Board and Completely Removing the Paper

Picture of Washing the Board and Completely Removing the Paper

After Heating, Wash The Board With Water Till the Paper Completely Gets Removed, Now Only Black Lines Are Left on the Board DO NOT REMOVE THOSE LINES. After That IF There Are Any Non Transferred Lines Then Grab A Permanent marker And Draw The Lines.

Step 5: The Etching Method

Picture of The Etching Method

For The Etching Method :-

1. Boil Approx. 500 ml Of Water In A Utensil For 15-20 Minutes. The Hotter The Water is, The Less Time The Etching Method Will Take.

2. Pour Ferric Chloride In The Small Container.

3. Now, Pour The Boiling Water In Ferric Chloride. (The Hotter The Water is, The Less Time The Etching Method Will Take) (Do Not Completely Fill the Container)

4. Also Pour the Boiling Water In The Big Container (Again, Do Not Completely Fill It)

5. Now Put The Small Container In The Big Container, After Doing That Put The Board In The Small Container

6. Keep Checking That The Copper Is Removed Or Not.
Hold The Board With Tweezers(Not With Hands Like I Am Doing, As It Is A Chemical).

7. If The Copper Is Completely Removed(Like This) Then, The Etching Is Done.

Step 6: Washing It

Picture of Washing It

Now Hold The Board With Spoon Or Tweezers And Wash It With Water And Make Sure That The Chemical Is Completely Removed.

Step 7: Remove the Toner, and You Made a PCB ! ! !

Picture of Remove the Toner, and You Made a PCB ! ! !

Remove The Toner With A Steel Wool Like Its Shown In The Picture , And You Made A PCB.

Step 8: Drill

Picture of Drill

Drill The PCB With A 1mm Drill Bit (I Used A Hand Drill)

Step 9: Solder Your Components and Its Ready

Picture of Solder Your Components and Its Ready

Solder Your Components And Its Ready




SharathG3 (author)2017-09-17

If I use a permanent marker, will it give same result as of doing it using laser printer?

HM1522 (author)SharathG32017-09-17

Then just draw the schematic on the pcb itself, no need of paper and printer.

HM1522 (author)2015-12-12

It's not important

ADL_MUB (author)HM15222015-12-15

oh ok

ADL_MUB (author)2015-12-11

can i do the printing part with a photocopier?

HM1522 (author)ADL_MUB2015-12-11

Yes you can!

ADL_MUB (author)HM15222015-12-12

and what should i use to protect the tracks in the PCB from
oxidation ?

ADL_MUB (author)HM15222015-12-12

Thanks for answer :)

bobdabiulder (author)2015-11-30

Couldn't I just draw all of it with a Sharpie

HM1522 (author)bobdabiulder2015-11-30

You can, but it won't be as accurate as it'll be when you print it.

cooldharap (author)2014-07-20

grt tutotal ... but i m stuck at printing part ... i have an inkjet printer ... what should i do ? i used express pcb to design layout ....

HM1522 (author)cooldharap2014-07-20

sorry, but u cannot do it with an inkjet printer, u can use a shared laser printer of someone u know!.

Thank You

nmrobotics (author)HM15222015-10-09

Just to make sure before I mess it up, if you don't have a laser printer, you can draw it with a sharpie?

cooldharap (author)HM15222014-07-20

thanks for the reply ..... is there any alternative way to laser printer ? i know its silly but at current situation worth A TRY FOR ME ...

yhdesai (author)cooldharap2015-04-26


jreyles (author)2015-07-19

That's bad ass.

Khaled.Omar95 (author)2015-05-07

what is the track size in proteus you used ?

Nur Alif (author)2015-01-13

what is do you made?

HM1522 (author)Nur Alif2015-01-14

I've made a VU METER.

k.bipin (author)2014-11-12

bhai, photo studio me photo paper rehethe na.. vo istamal kar sakthe he?

HM1522 (author)k.bipin2014-11-12


nodoubtman (author)2014-02-27

After the iron,under the copper it's all black, is it possible that my
iron is too hot, the iron settings is before steam. What do you suggest?
thank you!|

HM1522 (author)nodoubtman2014-02-27

After Ironing, The Printed Tracks(On Paper) Will Be Transferred To The Plate, And After That You Have To Dip That Plate In Ferric Chloride.

gada888 (author)2013-06-25

thanks,it's clear explained.

HM1522 (author)gada8882013-07-11

Welcome :)

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