Hello everyone, I know I haven't made an instructable for a very long time but I'm back and I would like to share my newest project with you. Since the beginning of high school I have made about 10 ceramic ocarinas and 3 wooden ocarinas but now that I have graduated, I have decided to finally make an instructable on how to make one of these awesomely haunting instruments. This project will be perfect for anyone struggling to find a project for shop class because not only will they have every tool they will need at their disposal, but they will also be able to obtain the materials much more easily.

    Unfortunately, I wasn't able to take photos for a couple of steps so I will try to recreate and explain them the best that I can.

Step 1: Tools and Materials

   For this project, you will need a few tools. You will need a:
- power drill
- drill bit set
- jigsaw
- disk and belt sander
- wood carving gouge
- mitre saw
- dremel
- wood glue
- chromatic tuner
   When it comes to making an ocarina, or any instrument, the range will always be important. The size is a major part of determining the range of your ocarina. Generally, the smaller, the higher in pitch, and the larger, the lower in pitch so when it comes to making your own ocarina, personal preference can mean different measurements. I will use the measurements to my ocarina which I believe is classified as a tenor(G3-C5). You will need:
- two 2 x 4 x 12 pieces of oak which will be used for the top and bottom of the ocarina
- one 1/2 x 6 piece of red oak which will be used for the lining between the top and bottom and between the body and mouthpiece
- two 1/2 x 4 x 4 squares to be used as the top and bottom plates of the mouthpiece, they should be the same type of wood as the body, not the middle lining.
- one 2 x 4 x 3 1/2 of white pine which will serve as the middle lining of the mouthpiece 
- Sweet Almond Oil

To get the 2 x 4 and 1/2 x 4 x 4 pieces oak, I cut them out of a stock of oak my teacher gave me. I have provided a diagram of how the stock was divided into the different pieces. Also, the measurements provided on the list are nominal while the measurements on the diagram are actual.

<p>so, in essence, I could take this instructable and use it as a base persay, to make my own ocarina. Because the ocarina I plan to eventually make is a bass ocarina, with a far more &quot;carrot&quot; like shape, as well as it being a 12 hole instead of a ten</p>
Hi, I'm having some trouble with making my ocarina. When you say not to carve the middle lining past where the fipple hole begins, is the beginning the side where the slant is or the opposite side? Should you be able to see where the carved out section is by looking through the fipple? Mine's a bit visible, and I can't get it to make any sound.
<p>Hello, sorry about the mixup but by the beginning I mean at the very end of the airway where the fipple hole begins. The problem with carving too much is that the end of the airway becomes uneven which could mean that the air might not hit the ramp correctly or other things like that. I'm not 100% sure on this but I just took it as a rule of thumb at the time and I believe that if the lining isn't carved enough it could dull out the sound big time. You should also be able to clearly see where you have carved it out as it starts from the beginning of the hole onward. Also is your ocarina completely assembled or is it taped together? When I first tried it out by taping it together, it wouldn't make a sound but it was mostly because air was escaping as the tape wasn't air-tight. I hope I made sense lol</p>
<p>Thanks for the help, after I carved out the lining more and applied oil it now works! Well, sort of. It's pretty quiet and only makes a solid note if I blow gently. It's almost barely audible. I've tried enlarging the airways a bit and trying to smooth it out more, without much result -- maybe it's a little better. Could this be because of the body? Maybe the lining's making it uneven, or it should be thinner to resonate better? Or is it just supposed to be kinda quiet? When I blow harder it makes a screechy whistling wind sound. </p>
<p>I have another question. When I drill the holes, how do I get the wood chips out? Will it come out if I just shake it?</p>
Yeah shaking it or blowing into it normally does the trick just be careful not to get it in your eyes :)
In step 8, you said that the second dado cut is supposed to be half the depth of the first one, but in the diagram, it looks like I'm supposed to cut it the same depth as the first dado + 1/16in more. Just to be clear, the dark gray is the chiseled out part, right?
<p>Sorry about the confusion but the light gray part is where the cut's supposed to be. I don't think I thought of it all the way through but I fixed the photo for you so you can understand better. I hope it helps :)</p>
Thanks so much. That helps a lot
<p>I'm making a wooden ocarina and i was wondering how the tuning works...Is it sufficient to just trace where my fingers fall on the instrument as you have indicated in your istructable? Do the placings of the holes not make any difference to the note produced?</p>
<p>Hello, I'm really, really sorry for taking forever to reply but I think it has more to do with making it a lot more comfortable to hold than for sound quality so you shouldn't need to worry a whole lot on that. </p>
<p>thanks for getting back. :)</p>
<p>You're welcome, glad I could help :)</p>
<p>I got really lost at the mouthpiece part. Could I get some help on it?</p>
<p>Hello, sorry to you too for taking so long to reply. I'd love to help, what are you having trouble with?</p>
Hi, I don't really quite understand how I would make the airway. I understand how to make the mouthpiece, but I'm not sure how to follow on the 8th step.
<p>Just realized I replied with a different account. Derp.</p>
<p>lol it's okay xD what part did you have with it? I changed the picture seeing as the one I had was a bit confusing. </p>
<p>lol it's okay xD what part did you have with it? I changed the picture seeing as the one I had was a bit confusing. </p>
Is it also possible to include the mouthpiece in the body design? It seems like the mouthpiece channel and hole could be added just as easily.
Sorry for the late reply but like Timothy95 showed, it can. It all depends on the look you want your ocarina to have. I figure it'd be very similar to how they make the ceramic ones. :)
Thanks so much for getting back to me! I'm getting some walnut and cherry wood this weekend and hope to get started soon. I appreciate the time you took to make the instructions!
<p>You're welcome and good luck I hope you have lots of fun!!</p>
<p>This is what I did. Simplicity is beauty.</p>
Thanks for sharing the photos! It looks great!
<p>him confused on how to make the mouth piece can you please help</p>
Of course I can :) what did you need help with?
<p>Do you know why you used the measurements that you used? I need to be able to calculate frequencies for physics.</p>
Honestly, there's no special reason for using the measurements I used besides determining the key that ocarina was in which even then, it was pure coincidence. All I know is bigger means lower and smaller means higher. I just put the measurements I used as a reference for everyone. I'm sorry if I didn't really answer your question :/ I don't know much about calculating frequencies and stuff. Anyways good luck! :)
<p>Before I put the two halves of the body together so I can mount the mouthpiece, do you think I should apply a sealant to the inside hollowed chamber? Ideally it would help preserve the instrument but I wasn't sure if it'd bother the resonating any so I figured it'd be best to ask around before I did it.</p>
Hello! I think that's a great idea and no I don't think that it would affect the sound at all provided its just a thin coat.
<p>Hey, do you know of any tools I could use instead of a gouge? I accidentally lost the only one in the woodshop.</p>
<p>Nevermind. My dad bought the gouge so that I could use it. I'm planning to finish it over the weekend. Thanks for the how-to!</p>
Hello! I'm so sorry I didn't reply sooner I haven't been on instructables in a while but I'm glad you got a gouge and good luck with finishing it I wish you the best! :)
<p>hey umm if the ocarina doesnt make any sounds what does that mean and how do i fix it? i mean ik i set up the mouthpiece correctly and the main body except a few tiny leaky areas... also how should i fill them in?</p>
<p>also if its the holes i used the smallest drill piece available and went up a couple sizes but im afraid to go any bigger... also do i just make one hole bigger at a time? i think i failed at making it but if i cant get it to work ill just buy a real one and keep the one i made for decoration but i want to at least try to get it to work...</p>
Hi! To answer your first question I wouldn't let any leaks anywhere because it wouldn't make a sound which made me worry a lot too but you can always fill them in with wood putty and to answer your second question I worked one hole at a time. I made sure to cover the holes that weren't being used and see if they were hitting the right note. You just have to be really patient. The wait was killing me too lol but it turned out fine so don't worry :)
<p>Lol its ok if I fail at making it work. I'll just buy a real ocarina and keep the one I made for decoration. Also umm I filled all the leaks but it still wont make any sound. Btw is it possible to glue the mouthpiece on &quot;backwards?&quot;</p>
<p>Oh, wait I already told you the first part of that...</p>
Oh :o maybe you made the holes a bit too big. I remember the first wooden ocarina I had made wouldn't make a sound past the 3rd note because the holes were too big. It depends on the size of the ocarina. Do you have a photo I could see that way I can help you out better.
<p>Thamks so much I got a great grade on it!!!!</p>
<p>gonna dig up some exotic woods for this</p>
Is there another way to hollow out the two sides of the main body of the ocarina? Because i don't have the proper tool.
<p style="margin-left: 20.0px;">The only other thing I've tried to hollow it out with is a dremel with a sanding bit but it seemed to take forever. There might be another way but to my knowlege I don't know of one sorry:/ If it helps, I know that hobby lobby sells some chisels for around 5 dollars for a small set and 9 dollars for a bigger set. I've never tried them but I don't see why they would work differently from any other set. Hope I helped :)</p>
<p>try a burr, it's like a router bit, but ball shaped. there's some that are almost smooth, good for metal, nearly useless for wood.</p>
<p>I am going to paint it blue...ZELDA RULES!!!!</p>
<p>I'm a tad bit confused on how you made the mouth piece, (fipple, airway, etc.) I'm new to woodworking and your diagrams are a bit confusing. could you give me measurments the are at least approximents to what you used to create it? beautiful Ocarina, btw. Love love love the colors (:</p>
Thank you :) I'd be more than happy to but could you tell me what measurements you needed exactly
Dear Gladiator Bob wanted to know what would be the measure you used. <br>and could you explain me this part . <br> <br>&quot; - Two 2 x 4 x 12 pieces of oak wood that will be used for the top and bottom of the ocarina <br>- A 1/2 x 6 piece of red oak which will be used for the coating between the top and bottom and between the body and the nozzle <br>- Two 1/2 x 4 x 4 squares to be used as top plates and bottom nozzle, which must be the same type of wood as the body, and not the liner means. <br>- A 2 x 4 x 3 1/2 white pine, which will serve as the medium nozzle liner - Sweet Almond Oil For the 2 x 4 and 1/ 2 x 4 x 4 pieces of oak, I cut them out a stock oak my teacher gave me . I have provided a diagram of how the stock was divided into different parts . Furthermore, the measurements given in the list are nominal, while in the diagram are actual measurements . &quot; <br> <br>because I was confused on what would be the order of steps, which are: width, thickness, and length.
<p>Hello, I am extremely sorry for answering you so late but I made a little diagram of what belongs where to kind of help out and I'm sorry but I don't know what you mean by the meaure I used. Do you mean the dimensions of the ocarina as a whole or just the individual pieces?</p>

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Bio: In short I like anything that has to do with clay, chickens, pokemon, sonic and wood :P
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