Step 1: Supplies and Ingredients
- a set of standard measuring cups
- a set of standard measuring spoons
- two medium-sized or large stirring bowls
- a plastic or wooden stirring spoon
- a standard butter knife, fork, or other straight edge
- a grater
- a rolling pin
- a small cookie cutter
- cooking spray
- a large cookie sheet
- an oven
- a kitchen timer or clock
- an oven mitt
- a cooling rack
- a large storage container with a lid
Ingredients and their respective measurements are listed below. Do not mix anything together yet, as this will be done in the next steps. The second picture below depicts these items.
- 4 cups of whole wheat flour (as well as a handful or two of some white flour which will not be added to the actual dough, but used for non-stick purposes)
- 1/2 of a cup of cornmeal
- 1 egg
- 2 tablespoons of vegetable oil
- 1 teaspoon of cinnamon
- 1 small apple
- 1 1/2 cups of water
HEALTH BENEFITS OF THESE INGREDIENTS TO YOUR DOG:
Cornmeal is found in many types of commercial dog foods. It is used for both its nutrient and fiber content, and helps a dog's digestive system run smoothly.
Eggs are an excellent source of complete protein and provide many of the essential amino acids that dogs need.
Dogs can digest a wide variety of fatty acids. Fats (like the kind in vegetable oil) deliver certain vitamins to a dog's system and are utilized as a primary source of energy. They can also keep his/her skin, paw pads, and nose in good condition.
Cinnamon is an excellent source of antioxidants, which are a basic component of canine nutrition. One teaspoon of cinnamon contains as many antioxidants as a full cup of pomegranate juice.
Complex carbohydrates include fruits (such as apples), whole grains (such as wheat flour), and vegetables. Although they take longer to digest, they supply a dog with a slow, steady stream of energy.