Step 1: Skateboard Parts
Below you will see a list of parts that make up a skateboard:
1- 1 set of wheels. A set of wheels is 4.
2- 1 set of bearings. A set of bearings is 8 (2 per wheel).
3- 1 set of bearing spacers. A set of bearing spacers is 4 (1 per wheel).
4- 1 set of trucks. A set would be 2 trucks.
5- 1 set of hardware. A set of hardware includes 8 bolts and 8 nuts.
Step 2: Tools Needed for Assembly
1- Drill with a phillips bit
2- Phillips screwdriver
3- Unit Skate Tool
- This tool works best as it has all 3 socket sizes needed to assemble, tighten, and loosen parts to a skateboard.
4- Razor blade
- This tool can be anything that is skinny enough to fit through the holes in your deck.
Step 3: Space and Location
Once you have gathered the parts and tools and found the proper area, you may use the following steps to put together the skateboard.
Step 4: Gripping the Deck Pt. 1
Note: The top of the deck is the side without the graphic.
Step 5: Gripping the Deck Pt. 2
Note: Make sure you are thorough in this step as failure can lead to air bubbles.
Step 6: Gripping the Deck Pt. 3
Step 7: Gripping the Deck Pt. 4
Step 8: Gripping the Deck Pt. 5
Step 9: Attaching the Trucks Pt. 1
Insert each of the 8 bolts though the holes in the deck. Insert them so that the head of the bolt is on top of the deck.
Step 10: Attaching the Trucks Pt. 2
2- Hand screw each of the 4 nuts as tight as you are able.
Repeat the 2 steps above for the other truck.
Step 11: Attaching the Trucks Pt. 3
Caution: Make sure not to tighten the hardware too much. This can lead to the screw sinking into the top of the deck. If this happens, the strength of the deck can be compromised.
Step 12: Inserting Bearings and Bearing Spacers Pt. 1
2- Place 2 bearings on truck.
3- Take a wheel and put it on the truck.
4- Press down on the wheel making the bearing enter the wheel.
Note: This step may be difficult and will require some strength. Expect to have to apply a lot of force when pressing down.
Step 13: Inserting Bearings and Bearing Spacers Pt. 2
2- Place the wheel back on the truck with the empty slot facing down.
3- Press down once again so that both the bearing and the bearing spacer enter the wheel.
Repeat the steps on Inserting Bearings and Bearing Spacers Pt. 1 and Pt. 2 three more times so that all 4 wheels contain 2 bearings and 1 bearing spacer.
Step 14: Putting the Wheels On
2- Put an axle washer on.
3- Place your wheel on the truck axle.
4- Place the second axle washer on the truck.
5- Begin tightening the axle nut with the Unit Skate Tool.
Repeat the Steps above three more times so that a wheel is on each end of a truck.
Caution: Make sure not to tighten the axle nut too much as this can lead to denting the bearings. It can also restrict how smoothly the wheels roll. It is recommended that they be tightened to the point where there is still a bit of give.
Step 15: Tightening/Loosening Trucks
Loose trucks make turning easier, but this can lead to wheel bite. Wheel bite is when the bottom of your deck rubs on your wheel and can make you come to a sudden stop when leaning too far to one side.
Tight trucks will allow you to be more stable, but it makes it difficult to adjust your feet for doing tricks and also turning. There are a few different ways to turn on a skateboard and the two main ways are done by leaning one way or by lift up your front truck and pivoting off your back truck. If you have tight trucks the leaning method of turning becomes more difficult.
You may want to experiment with different truck settings to determine your desired tightness.
All you need to do to tighten or loosen the trucks is use the Unit Skate Tool- Righty-Tighty and Leftty-Loosey.