This instructable will guide you through sharpening a handplane.
You will need;
Norton India cobination stone size 8" x 2". This has a grey "coarse" side and an orangey brown "fine" side. This method works just as well on other mediums such as sandpaper, water stones and diamond stones.
Honing oil. Norton make their own product but I find baby oil is much cheaper and works really well.
I you don't fancy freehand honing buy a "side clamping" honing guide.
A piece of leather stuck to a block of wood.
Some metal polish like autosol.
A clean cloth.
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Step 1: The Set Up
If you are able to cut two pieces of hardwood the same thickness as your stone do so. This must be done very accurately, if you don't feel able to do this just use some scrap or the like to locate the stone prevent it slipping around. The concept with these blocks is that they prevent you falling off the end of the stone while learing, ensuring full use of all the stone. The bigger piece nearest us allows the honing guide to use more of the stone.
Screw a batten to the underside to allow you to secure the sharpening station to the bench.
Many honing guides have information on them regarding how far the chisel needs to project to create a sharpening angle. The two white blocks nearst the camera are set to give a 30deg and a 25deg bevel. Having these blocks helps save time when setting.
Step 2: Work the Back
Step 3: Honing the Edge
Now move to the strop, apply some more autosol if required and work the small 30deg honed bevel then turn it over and pull the blade back. You should now have a small 30deg polished bevel as shown in the second photo which is ready for work.
Step 4: Test the Edge
Step 5: Maintaing the Edge
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