Step 8: Soldering

Soldering happens in a series of steps.  First tack together your pieces, then tin the seams, then add the bead.

Flux must be applied to the copper foil before soldering.

To tack solder the pieces in place, apply dots of flux to desired areas, and melt a small blob of solder on top. 

Because I was using two different widths of glass, I originally tacked and soldered the piece from the back side so that the front would be flush.

Once all of the pieces are tacked together, you can tin the seams.  This just means you apply a thin, flat amount of solder to all of the seams, completely coating all of the copper foil. Be sure to apply flux to all of the seams first.

Bead soldering refers to a smooth, slightly rounded flow of solder used to create an aesthetically pleasing finish.   You only need to apply the bead solder to the front of the finished piece, as the tin solder is sufficient to hold together the back.  To create the bead solder, apply a new layer of flux to the tinned seams.  Melt a larger amount of solder onto the seams.  Run the soldering iron back and forth along a small distance to create a melted seam of solder.  Once a section is completely melted, gently lift the soldering iron up from the piece to create a smooth, shiny bead.  This just takes practice.
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<p>All clear... and for most people I suppose quite doable. The only hard part would be cutting the long stem. Bet most first timers ended up cutting more than one or having more than one piece when satisfied. </p>
I get your sense of humor. I hope you are doing well :)
<p>Tnx: GOD bless u!!</p>
<p>Nice intro to stained glass! After you get the basics you have to find a pattern you want to make or you can make your own. There are so many places to look. You can get some ideas at www.anypattern.com </p>
<p>Yup, a good series. My last question has to do with the top... did you give any tho't to securing the tops of the flower pieces with a supporting wire? Not necessary I suppose but...</p><p>Good series and I'm sure helpful for a lot of newbies and new-to-the-gamers... your instructions/photos are right on and the final product is quite attractive. Wonder what else -- oh, I see this was done in 2011. Oh, I imagine you've moved on since then. Ah, well....</p><p>Thanks, and a big pat on the back.......</p><p>Billy</p>
<p>Also I don't understand your watering system. When using my grinder, a Diamond Star, the grinding bits picks up sufficient water to lube the piece. Ah well....</p><p>Onward....</p>
<p>Good morning ms <a href="https://www.instructables.com/member/scoochmaroo/" rel="nofollow">scoochmaroo</a>... hmmm interesting first name, makes me wonder what kind of surname would go with it. Anyhow, not having any clue as to when this design instruction was created I may be writing to the wind. Dunno. But as I plan on going thru all the steps, and being a talkative sorta bloke, I'll take the opportunity to comment as we go.</p><p>First point: you say taking the thumbnail and blowing it up worked. Au contraire, I'm sure. One blows up things with TNT or dynamite. Now I suspect you meant to say you enlarged the thumbnail.</p><p>Forgive me for being picky, it's just 1) my sense of humor showing up or 2) habits of a lifetime of editorial work.</p><p>Okay, onwards now........</p>
<p>More steps than I thought there would be. Your step-by-step instructions were easy to follow, though I now have a better understanding of what's involved and may chicken out attempting it. :)</p>
<p>i have tried looking for adhesive copper tapes in my city. but they all seem to have the non adhesive ones. is it possible to still get results if i don't have this? how can i work around this disability?</p>
<p>Thank you for your help. Could you recommend a good reference guide/book that gives a step by step instruction with examples?</p>
That's so cool
You are so amazing
<p>Thank you so much for posting this info! My aunt was a professional stained glass artist but I was never able to learn the trade from her because I was too young and lived far away. This is a great basic guide for getting started.</p>
<p>Nice </p>
<p>That is not easy :)</p>
Very nice! I love the poppy and how it comes above the &quot;framed&quot; glass, very art deco. Could I ummm &quot;borrow&quot; your pattern?
Very pretty. Would the tinned copper wire work to hang a very large piece? My grandfather made 32 x 29.5 in piece, which I'm pretty sure it was meant to be a window, and I'd love to hang it on the wall instead.
I would check with a glass shop if you can find one. It's really going to depend on how heavy the piece is, and I don't want to give you bad advice!
gorgeous. Because I am the crazy dog lady, I kind of want to try and make something like this of my doggies
You can make a pattern using a photo of your dogs with a lot of the available software. Most of it is rather pricey, but Dragonfly Software's Glass Eye has a 30 day free trial I think. Lots can be designed and copied to pattern in 30 days :)
When cutting deep curves in glass, do it underwater - in bath for example.<br>Its easy &amp; never break off in its own direction
Watch it, glass can shatter when cut underwater due to impurities. This is very nasty. Though usually a safe process you don't want it to happen to you, make sure you have good quality glass from a reputable dealer.
Could you use clear/smoked glass from the hardware store? Or is stained glass specific to the craft?
You can use any glass!
Amazing, great image and super simple pattern!
Wow! Very cool. What a lovely product, too!
I knew someone years ago who did stained glass but they used the lead channel method. This looks much easier to work with. I may have to try it! Lovely results.
wow I m in awe of u
Awesome! It's so pretty.
Thanks so much for sharing this! Very pretty!
Really pretty :)
Cool project! I &lt;3 the flower
Brings back memories of coming home from college and seeing my mom soldering stained glass. She used a 'buttering'-like technique when soldering for character and I ( and electronics person ) would do a 'flow' soldering and she'd say it was too neat looking, but she'd line up panels for me to do :-) Love stained glass! Thanks for sharing this great article.<br>-Lee
AWESOME....!!!1 GOOD JOB...<br>
Thanks! It's super fun. I wish I had the set-up at home, I would definitely do more of it.
Just one question...do you think a Dremel Stylus could work to Grind the Glass.?
If you can get a diamond wheel, you should be all set. Not sure how you would keep the glass wet though, as it's critical to keep the glass item well lubricated to keep it from overheating and cracking.
This could be but takes a long time to grind 2 or 3 mm.<br>Best is to cut very acurate if you cut 2 or more mm to big it takes a long time with<br>a &quot;dremel&quot; and a small bit to grind this away.<br><br>If your going for this hobby a grinder is a good investment.<br><br>Scoochmaroo nice instructable.
Ok...I&acute;ll try...your project encourage me to try something that I always want to do...
Great job teaching us step by step. Wondering if I can do this now. I always thought you had to have a kiln....... laughing and so very encouraged and wanting to try it sometime in the near future. <br> <br>I really learned a bunch....... thanks ever so much.
Very pretty piece, scooch! Takes me back to the late 70's, early 80's...stained glass was very &quot;in&quot; at that time.
I remember watching my grandfather make these, using a cutting wheel and a tool that sprayed a wide, thin fan of water to keep the glass cool.
That's incredible, nice job! I was reading a little about traditional stained glass windows and I was wondering how it could be done in the home, and you've certainly answered that one for me! :D
wow hey could i use a raver knife to cut the glass
I have been working with stained glass for years. It very relaxing. I would tell everyone to try it once. They just might it.
That's really good. My Grandmother did a lot of this when she was staying home to care for my Grandfather, but she hasn't done much since he passed and she went back to work. She's really good though, I should find some of the pictures I took of her work and put them up...
Cool, I always wanted to try this, but didn't know where to begin.

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Bio: Former Living & Food editor here at Instructables, now running Sousvidely.com! Follow me @sousvidely
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