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Picture of How To Write A Song

There is always room for more songs in the world, especially great ones! Have you written one? Or perhaps you've started one that needs help, or you've written hundreds and... well if you've written hundreds of songs, you probably don't need to keep reading. But for all other interested parties, here we go!

 
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Step 1: Disclaimer; Disclosure

Picture of Disclaimer; Disclosure

Step 1. Disclaimer; Disclosure
Disclaimer
First of all, keep in mind that nothing I say is etched in stone, or if it is, it shouldn't be. These are just some of the tricks I use, and everyone has their own methods. If anything I say doesn't ring true, then by all means, ignore it! There are stellar examples of quality songwriting which are exceptions to everything written here. For instance, the order of the steps is almost completely arbitrary; I've certainly written songs that didn't follow them. But I do suggest that you look at each step at some point in the process; I usually tend to notice things that could be improved in my songs when I look back
(see step #5).
Also, google "songwriting tips" and you'll have tons more to read, and probably of much better quality.

Disclosure
Here is where I'm "coming from" when it comes to songwriting:
I play guitar and write and sing. I believe that quality in songwriting lies in achieving a balance between (forgive the cliches) the heart and the head. Your inspiration comes from your guts; from emotion, and you render that raw emotion "deliverable" by filtering it through your brain. If the balance is off, the song is less than it could be. Pure emotion doesn't translate to the audience unless the performer (or songwriter), intentionally or unconsciously, makes that emotion accessible.

Hendrix's axe was a part of him, his emotion translates ... but what if he just hadn't practiced enough? Or he hadn't invested lots of time playing with new hardware, new sounds? Or if he forgot all of the words (Yeah yeah, I know... he DID forget the words a lot)? My point is, he was able to convey the emotion (guts) of his music, because he found a way to make it work on stage (brain). Jimi (at his best) found a balance, and for him it happened to be a bit farther toward the guts than the head.

Sting has done some truly great songwriting, but he constantly writes songs with too much brain and not enough guts. Too much meditation? Not enough? You be the judge.

I do believe that there is great value in a song that a huge number of people like. "Popularity" is either a sign of a truly bad song, or a truly great one: There will always be an audience for cookie-cutter pop drivel, but there will also always be an audience for a great song. Anybody who has been at a performance where the whole audience knows the words and is singing along, has felt the value of a "popular" song, and it's elitist to suggest that the moment a song becomes popular, its quality decreases. So I think that the best songs have something about them that "lets everybody in," or at least, lots of folks, rather than focusing on an extremely narrow audience. Everybody appreciates a great song, regardless of the genre, and I think music is about communication. So I think a song that is well-written, is one that more people "grok."

As a songwriter, I try to write songs that "don't need me." By that I mean, I want them to be able to stand on their own, to be of sufficient quality that any decent singer could sing them. Few of the truly timeless, transformative classic songs have "weak spots" that a singer must "sing around." In my opinion, it is the songwriter's job to take their inspiration and wrap it in a package that magnifies; that enhances. A "poorly wrapped" song conveys little or none of its original magic, no matter how genuine the inspiration. And a song with no "guts" is just a wrapper.

The craft of songwriting is like cutting a gem.

Bad songwriting hides or distracts from the inspiration, good songwriting amplifies it without overpowering it.
That being said, "Louie Louie" it a great song... so again, take what I say with a grain of salt.

Step 2: Inspiration

Picture of Inspiration

This is often the hardest part: what to write a song about? I think you're best off finding subjects that you truly know about, and care about; something you're feeling in your gut. Otherwise, your song comes straight out of your head, and some of the worst songs in history were flawlessly executed cerebral exercises; gutless wonders.
So, the "big breakup" is a no-brainer; you're emotionally crushed and have a deep well of torment to dip your songwriting bucket into. If, however, you haven't just been dumped or you aren't unrequited or generally grouchy about anything, you have to look elsewhere. I've gone WAY back to my high school days, or used a friend's story, or used books or movies that impressed me. Watch out for "protest songs" unless you are truly angry or moved and have something new to say; otherwise they end up sounding whiny.
(Forgive me as I inject my opinion about whiny protest songs: "Excuse Me Mister" by Ben Harper: GREAT groove, great vibe, great attitude, but no beef: it's blaming the "other guy" for everything, and it comes off as whiny to me. In contrast: "Play the Greed" by Dar Williams: practical advice, saying something new, taking responsibility, no whining. Definitely a "cerebral" song, but she believes it enough to lend it guts!)

Don't write if you're not thinking about anything. Or at least, don't get attached to what you're coming up with. Wait for the inspiration, or go get it somewhere; meet people, watch an old movie, eat Doritos. Then write.

Step 3: Babble

Picture of Babble

Now that you have a vague subject, it's time to holler gibberish. I play guitar, so generally I'll start playing while thinking about "the subject," and sing random verbiage. Eventually, an relevant word or phrase will fall together with some musical element that's splattering around; a noise the guitar is making, a piece of the random melody, etc. Then you can build on that. If you don't play an instrument, you may just want to write out some flow-of-consciousness text until something on the page "resonates."
I have countless pages of babble. Keep these forever! They may contain seeds of great songs that you didn't notice during the initial babble-session, that will sprout years from now.
Some folks might want to record this stage... you're welcome to give it a try if you don't mind the notion that your babbling has been recorded. I'd rather scribble.

Step 4: Build...

Picture of Build...

Now that you've found some "seeds" of a song, start putting words together. Look for rhymes. You're just fishing here, looking for direction. At some point, a few lines will attach themselves to each other, and your song will start telling you what its "rules" will be.
"But," you may exclaim," there are no rules to art, are there?"
"Sure," I reply, "but quit yelling, will you? I'm trying to type!"

There are no general rules, really: there are always hundreds of examples of great songs with any given rule being broken. But I submit that each song should have its own rules. You can make them up, of course, and you can break them. I just suggest that you do it for a reason. Do it because it helps the song, makes it better.
The "rules" can be structural: rhyme scheme, verse-chorus-verse sequence, iambic pentameter, never rhyming, always rhyming, no half-rhymes, only half-rhymes... or the rules can be more about content: no quotes from former presidents, only quotes from former presidents...
A song is stronger when it has rules. Because structure on some level is crucial to communicate the magic part.
I use high-speed, barely legible penmanship when I'm writing songs, because I want to get it on paper before it slides out of my head. I scribble out chords, or "hints" that will help me remember the music I'm fiddling with. I cross out verses that I don't like, put stars next to the ones I do. When I know I need more words in a verse but haven't thought of them yet, I let squiggly lines work as placeholders. This process will of course be different for everyone, but the point is, find a "building" process that works for you.

Step 5: Craft!

Picture of Craft!

Lots of folks pride themselves on their songwriting speed, but they tend to be the same folks that have songs with parts that are boogered-up.

I agree that the stuff that "flows" out in half an hour is often some of the best stuff. But I'm also constantly hearing unfinished work. Here's why: most of the time, the inspiration happens and you end up with two great lines that rhyme, and crap in between that is only there to get from Fantastic Line #1 to Fantastic Line #2. Your job as a songwriter is to fix the crap without overshadowing or otherwise screwing up the inspiration, or even better, to magnify the inspiration. This is more craft than art, but it's crucial and it's the difference between timeless and transformative songs and just good songs.

I read somewhere an interview with Glen Frey, where he talks about how he does this "2 line at a time" thing, with those "placeholder" words to glue the good stuff together, but that Don Henley could always come in and put meaning into those in-between words, and take the song to new heights. Of course of the two, Henley has come out with more stuff that is annoyingly over thought, too cerebral. And we've all heard songs like that; too cerebral, no inspiration. Music written with all head and no heart, all thinking and no feeling.

Again, It's all about balance, just like anything else. Heart with head: you get the inspiration in your guts, but if you just leave it alone, then you're the only one who's going to really get it. If your performing (or recording) for others, you owe it to them to give them a way in, and that's done with your head. Sometimes you luck out, and the inspiration already translates to the listener, but you have to figure out when it does and when it doesn't, and you owe it to the song to make it as great as possible, right?

After you write a song and it's at its first "plateau" of completion, give it some time, then try to listen objectively, and see if you still like the song the way it is. Most of the time, the lame bits show themselves, and are easily fixed in a way that helps the song; a small word here and there, minor tweaks...

Another item to consider: balancing the general with the specific: For example, you're a guy and you wrote a song about a girl that broke your heart. Does the song suffer if you play the "pronoun game," making the song gender-neutral, so that a girl who just broke up would also relate? Or a guy who broke up with a guy? A girl with a girl? A guy with a beloved chicken? If the answer is "yes, the song would be worse off," then by all means, don't change that element. But if the song's power is left intact (or increased by singing straight to the person: saying "you broke my heart" instead of "she broke my heart"), then what's the harm in making the switch? You've widened the possible impact of the story, without messing with the emotional center of it.

Play the profanity card carefully! James Blunt really should not have done it in his ""You're Beautiful". He used the f-word when he could have just kept telling the story, and it detracts and distracts from the song. In contrast, Ani DiFranco's "Untouchable Face" uses the f-word like a million times, and it works. Know that "that word" you've included in your song will receive extra attention. Does that throw off your song, or make it better?

Let songs simmer for long periods of time before you stamp them "finished," no matter how quickly they were written in the first place. Get over the "I wrote it in 15 minutes" ego thing. If you wrote it in 15 minutes and it's good, imagine how great it would be if you went back and fixed the tiny things that detract from the power? If you kill the inspiration in that process, then you've blown it...

...But I think you've screwed up just as bad if you leave dumb stuff in the song. Tragic, isn't it: a good song with the potential to be great, that makes it into the world complete with a bunch of little obstacles to its greatness. It will fizzle, when it could have been one of "those songs."

Step 6: Now What?

Picture of Now What?
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Good question. And a bit beyond the scope of this instructable.
For me, I perform my songs live, record them, make CDs, give them away or sell them at my shows or in local stores. And no, I haven't quit my day job.

(My music pages are here; and here, videos are here, free mp3 downloads of everything I've ever recorded is here)

Another thing to do is try to market your songs. Good luck with that; it's a lot of work... but you'll get a paycheck now and then if somebody records it. If you don't play, look around for players willing to give your song a try. Hit your local open mic. Join a songwriting contest. Sing around the campfire.

But regardless of what you do with your song, work on it a little. Do a great job on it. Think about what music has meant to you; that one song that really hit you hard when you heard it on the radio or that movie soundtrack... why not shoot for that? Even if the world doesn't get to hear it, you'll know that you did good work, and that's fulfilling enough to be well worth the attempt. Right?

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ChloeM18 months ago

I just need help for my college comp class please help?

terracer1 year ago

I really enjoyed this instructable! Your remark about "letting them (audience) in" the song speaks volumes... You are a wordsmith - (not that I would ever question your genius - <G>)

Partywhip1 year ago

I can relate to 'musical splatterings.'...a noise the guitar is making....Astute observations on creating......Singing/songwriting is my 'hobby that heals!' Thank you for the advice.

mcraghead (author)  Partywhip1 year ago
Glad you found it helpful, and thank you for the kind words.
Mr_Altitude2 years ago
I wrote a song for my mom today (It's mother's day.)
mcraghead (author)  Mr_Altitude2 years ago
Awesome!
i'm a amazing song writer
Which would explain your username.
Please tell me more about your amazing songwriting. Baby Boy Ric
Mr_Altitude2 years ago
I'm thirteen and want to be a songwriter, and this has been and will be a great help. You rock!
bogdan.b2 years ago
Hey Mike!
Thanks a lot for this instructable. At the 5th step I found some inspiration to write something and it was my first time in my life when I tried to write anything similar to a song. It went pretty fast and after I finished it(the draft) I read the part where you said to leave it alone for a while and then come back.
Thanks a lot!
mcraghead (author)  bogdan.b2 years ago
Hey there bogdan.b,

You are most welcome, glad it helped!

Mike
Oblivitus6 years ago
That's a perfect intro picture, Bob Dylan is a master songwriter.
have you ever listened to mike scott an the waterboys? mikes pretty good at song writing.
i agree so were john an paul.i never heard anyone else manipulate the english language like bob though.
nemana996 years ago
well i started writing when i was 17 and i find it naturaly because when i sit down to write something it's just dosn't work so i wait till something hits me on it's own then it just get done automatically-strange huh?
E-roc nemana996 years ago
I started writing songs when I was ten and this instructable has helped me alot. good job.
This is really for anyone who may be able to help me. something horrible happening in my life and Im trying to find someone who will write a sad very sad love song about what happened to me. I am willing to pay for the song. If anyone knows who might would write a song for me with the lyrics and all based on a true life situation please let me know. You can email me at kittenshere.com
mcraghead (author)  nemana996 years ago
That's why folks who live in music bubbles often start writing self-referential ego-tripe: you gotta live your life, then things happen to you and inspiration sneaks up. The danger in sitting down intending to write a song "on purpose" is that your song will be contrived and forced. Better to watch the real world through songwriting goggles... eventually that automatic songwriting "reflex" is bound to kick in!
Whales5 years ago
 This instructable is less of a how-to and more of an inspiration with alittle help on how. Makes me think of when they fire off rockets,(like small little ones) they have a stick that the rocket shoots off and the stick gives it some guidance then it's on it's own and probably heading right where it needs to.
MegaMaker5 years ago
I've been writing some songs recently. Today after the school spelling bee I made a good song (and sang it to my teacher).

Spell it. Just Spell it. It doesn't matter if it's long, just think about and spell it. Just spell it.
(To the tune of Beat It)
Haha pretty good, right?
My cousin made up a dumb and creepy song about ponies My little pony, so sweet and so bony, he went to a party and i skinned him alive and thats all i remember
yankees94946 years ago
Great instructable, after reading it I wrote a wonderful song about doritos...
Nice!! Doritos rock my face off!!!!
esplonky6 years ago
I AM OBSESSED WITH THE BEATLES!!!
JayV6 years ago
This Instructable really helped me. Thanks!
gmoon7 years ago
I like 99% of what you have to say. Instead of a simple how-to, this is more of a master class on the creative aspects of songwriting.

Your section on 'protest songs' is very generational, however (even though the artists are not.) Taking an approach out of context is a little off-message, especially if it's a historical approach. And most people (Americans?) today are both cynical and complacent. A direct message, without irony, doesn't play well in a cynical world....

Not that there aren't pathetic 'protest songs.' Like M Jackson's Black or White, an attempt by a 'musical entertainer' to get political...
mcraghead (author)  gmoon7 years ago
Hi Gmoon! I did get a little editorial in that protest songs comment, just trying to warn against a particular songwriting pitfall. I certainly don't mean to say that all protest songs are whiny! I don't think that anything Bob Dylan did fell into the "whiny" trap, because of his wit and belief. Mr. Costello had plenty to complain about, but he did it with such believable self-righteous indignation that it came off as angry and not whiny; again dodging the pitfall. I partly brought up the comparison because Ben Harper has become a bit of a "sacred cow," and I like pointing out that even sacred cows can sometimes... er... sound whiny when they moo? Neither Ms. Williams nor Mr. Harper's songs would have worked if they happened in a different generation, any more than "Blowing in the Wind" would make it to radio today; context is certainly a big factor. Maybe now that there's decidedly less to "rebel against" musically, it's harder to write a song that assaults our sensibilities (in a good way!) than it used to be?
I like to assault the sensibility's. Some might question "the good way part though. One of my favorite writer's is Leonard Cohen. Here are some excerpts from some of my lyrics that may challenge the sensibilities. Curious if any one has comments. Use them if you like. Or rip on, it's OK. Stupid People "Stupid people don't get called back. They pick there nose and eat their bugger's. Stupid people are the worst". It's a song about a weed dealer that is talking to those who don't get not talking about 420 stuff in code. Beautiful "All the whores (horrors) that have trampled your way born with their skirts raised in confidence. Better that way"... "Be cool, be square. button up the buttons on your underwear. Better that way. We are all beautiful. We are not all beautiful". The message? Who ever you are be authentic and stand proud. Any comments. Any one from the Twin Cities in MN.? Baby Boy Ric
gmoon mcraghead7 years ago
Hey, mcraighead! I'm not really criticizing having an artistic 'stance,' or POV. You need one to have a unique voice. And anyone with a unique voice needs to like (and dislike) other artists--that's just part of being discriminatory.

So you're certainly allowed to dis other artists--it's part of what makes you... YOU. Even artistic vanities help to define that 'voice.' And sometimes you can even use the style of someone like Harper and turn it back on itself...

Just don't be surprised when something you dislike (let's take disco, for example) turns out to more influential than you imagined....

Re: Elvis Costello--he certainly started angry, but as he matured, he's acquired almost a 'Cole Porter' sensibility, with a lot of wistfulnesses, ennui, etc. His maturation as an artist astounds me...and there is always a sharp edge, even on the new stuff... (I personally LOVE everything Declan MacManus has ever done.)
mcraghead (author)  gmoon7 years ago
Just don't be surprised when something you dislike (let's take disco, for example) turns out to more influential than you imagined....
I'm never surprised when something I'm not so fond of "makes it big." It's such a cocktail of quality (and lack thereof), marketing, culture, and personal taste, that I doubt that anybody nowadays can really be "thrown" by a musical trend.
But, as always, the great song transcends...
And I agree about E.C.; he could have "gone soft," instead he challenged himself (learned to read music, something like ten years ago?) and went to a new level. That polished, "Cole Porter" standard is rarely achieved, particularly while maintaining the wit and the "drive" underneath it. Long live the King!
babyboyric6 years ago
Very well said. I am a seasoned singer/songwriter/guitarist. I am 56 and have been penning songs since I was in my teens. I have a copy and or recording of most songs I have written. Like you suggest, I often keep unfinished drafts and notes. They might have a partial or complete lyrical gem. When I write I tend to do stream of consciousness and not think to much about it. Write write write, and then edit, edit, edit. I like to write with other's and do improve at parties. I sometimes will ask for someone to give me a word. Something in the room an idea, a name, anything. Then I start an improvisational song just based on that word or idea. Anyways, thanks again for the tips. It's fun to hear things from other songwriter's. I am in Mpls., MN. Any other writer's from the Twin Cities are? Baby Boy Ric
my sister says your beatle pic is sexy.
JayV6 years ago
I have looked all over the Internet for directions to write a song, and found nothing until now. This Instructable is great!
Wow. This is by far the best instuctable i have seen on this site. Great job.
Yay! Bob Dylan was so cute back in the day! (not that I was around or anything) Erm.... I mean he's a genuis :)
his son is f***ing hot
WOOH go Paul! The Beatles ROCK!!
samyalxo27 years ago
i agree..song writing is really difficult especially when the lyrics have sentimental value to you.
andro0007 years ago
I like seeing pictures of musicians. I also like to be reminded of their names. Oh ... perhaps you'd also properly credit the photos. Please ... eh?
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