## Step 1: Borrow ones

13+29 is a bit of a pain to do in your head. If you like the previous technique you could call it thirty-twelve, but to do that precise addition is a little awkward. 13+30 is much easier, however. Borrowing ones essentially means you say "13+29 is hard- I'm going to borrow a one and add it to the 29, 13+30 is 43, then I put back the one I borrowed so the answer is 42". It sounds complicated, but with a little practise I now do all of those steps in my head much faster than just trying to add 13+29.

Borrowing ones can also work in reverse by "burying" a one you would rather ignore for the time being- for example, 13+31 can be turned into 13 + 30 = 43 and then you add the one you ignored earlier, but additions that become easier by "burying" a one are less common that those made easier by borrowing.

**Pros:**simple, conceptually easy

**Cons:**limited application, doesn't allow very large additions.

You can do this one my other method which involves treating numbers above ten as single digits: "three plus eight is eleven", so "sixtythree plus eighteen is

seventy-eleven"- in other words63 + 18 = 70 + 11 = 81.

*9". That's where your mistake was.2Other than that, great instructable!