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This instructable shows a script that can be used to automate backups of a netscreen firewall running ScreenOS.

Step 1: Requirements

This script is written in expect and assumes you have SSH turned on on your netscreen and a linux environment.

If you have never check out expect, Oreilly has a great book "Exploring Expect"
http://oreilly.com/catalog/9781565920903/

Step 2: Variables

We will start with setting some variables.

You will want to set the port/username/password/netscreen/prompt variables to match your environment.

#!/usr/bin/expect
#Expect script to backup config of netscreen firewalls
#Joe


#Set some vars
set timeout 60
set user "root"
set password "password"
set port "2022"
set netscreen "foo.bar.com"
set basedir "/mnt/netapp/backups/foo.bar.com"
set log "[timestamp -format %Y-%m-%d]-config.txt"
set mailto "joe@foo.com"
set mailsubject "Error: netscreen backup failed [timestamp -format %Y-%m-%d] "
set mailfail ""
set prompt "foo-> "

Step 3: Connect

Next in the script we will try and connect.

send_user "NetScren Backup Script\n"

send_user "Connecting to $netscreen\n"

spawn ssh $user@$netscreen -p$port
expect {
"password:" {
send "$password\r"
expect {
"$prompt" {
send_user "Connected"
} "Permission denied" {
send_user "Invalid password, exiting"
set mailfail "Invalid password, exiting"
close
} timeout {
send_user "No prompt returned"
set mailfail "No prompt returned"
close
}
}
} "No route to host" {
send_user "Unable to connect to $netscreen\n"
set mailfail "Unable to connect to $netscreen\n"
} "Name or service not known" {
send_user "Unable to connect to $netscreen\n"
set mailfail "Unable to connect to $netscreen\n"
} timeout{
send_user "Timeout conncting to $netscreen"
set mailfail "Timeout conncting to $netscreen"
close
}
}

if { $mailfail != "" } {
exec /bin/mail -s$mailsubject $mailto << "
$mailfail"
exit
}

Step 4: Turn Off Paging

You need to turn off paging - or the more prompt in on the netscreen.

#Disable the "more" prompt

send "set console page 0\r"
expect {
"$prompt" {
send_user "\nPaging Disabled\n"
} default {
send "ScreenOS did not except paging option.\n"
set mailfail "ScreenOS did not except paging option."
close
}
timeout {
send_user "ScreenOS did not except paging option\n"
set mailfail "ScreenOS did not except paging option."
close
}
}
if { $mailfail != "" } {
exec /bin/mail -s$mailsubject $mailto << "
$mailfail"
exit
}

Step 5: Get Config

We will now get the config.

send_user "Downloading Configuration\n"
log_file $basedir/$log
send "get config\r"
expect {
"$prompt" {
log_file
send_user "\nConfiguration Downloaded\n"
}
timeout {
send_user "\nError during configuration download."
set mailfail "Error during configuration download."
}
}
close
if { $mailfail != "" } {
exec /bin/mail -s$mailsubject $mailto << "
$mailfail"
exit
}

Step 6: Check to See If the Config Is the Right Size

We will know check to see if the config is at least 1k.

set filesize [file size $basedir/$log]
if { $filesize <= 1024 } {
send_user "Netscreen config is too small, please investigate\n"
set mailfail "Netscreen config is too small, please investigate\n"
exec /bin/mail -s$mailsubject $mailto << "
$mailfail"
exit

}

Step 7: Cleanup

Lets run a little cleanup to remove configs older than two weeks.
#Remove config older than 2 weeks
exec find $basedir -name '*config.txt*' -mtime +14

Step 8: All Together

Put it all together now. It is attached as a text file. It will send emails on any failures.

#!/usr/bin/expect
#Expect script to backup config of netscreen firewalls
#Joe

#Set some vars
set timeout 60
set user "root"
set password "password"
set port "2022"
set netscreen "foo.bar.com"
set basedir "/mnt/netapp/backups/foo.bar.com"
set log "[timestamp -format %Y-%m-%d]-config.txt"
set mailto "joe@foo.com"
set mailsubject "Error: netscreen backup failed [timestamp -format %Y-%m-%d] "
set mailfail ""
set prompt "foo-> "

send_user "NetScren Backup Script\n"

send_user "Connecting to $netscreen\n"

spawn ssh $user@$netscreen -p$port
expect {
"password:" {
send "$password\r"
expect {
"$prompt" {
send_user "Connected"
} "Permission denied" {
send_user "Invalid password, exiting"
set mailfail "Invalid password, exiting"
close
} timeout {
send_user "No prompt returned"
set mailfail "No prompt returned"
close
}
}
} "No route to host" {
send_user "Unable to connect to $netscreen\n"
set mailfail "Unable to connect to $netscreen\n"
} "Name or service not known" {
send_user "Unable to connect to $netscreen\n"
set mailfail "Unable to connect to $netscreen\n"
} timeout{
send_user "Timeout conncting to $netscreen"
set mailfail "Timeout conncting to $netscreen"
close
}
}

if { $mailfail != "" } {
exec /bin/mail -s$mailsubject $mailto << "
$mailfail"
exit
}

#Now that that is over, continue

#Disable the "more" prompt

send "set console page 0\r"
expect {
"$prompt" {
send_user "\nPaging Disabled\n"
} default {
send "ScreenOS did not except paging option.\n"
set mailfail "ScreenOS did not except paging option."
close
}
timeout {
send_user "ScreenOS did not except paging option\n"
set mailfail "ScreenOS did not except paging option."
close
}
}
if { $mailfail != "" } {
exec /bin/mail -s$mailsubject $mailto << "
$mailfail"
exit
}

send_user "Downloading Configuration\n"
log_file $basedir/$log
send "get config\r"
expect {
"$prompt" {
log_file
send_user "\nConfiguration Downloaded\n"
}
timeout {
send_user "\nError during configuration download."
set mailfail "Error during configuration download."
}
}
close
if { $mailfail != "" } {
exec /bin/mail -s$mailsubject $mailto << "
$mailfail"
exit
}

set filesize [file size $basedir/$log]
if { $filesize <= 1024 } {
send_user "Netscreen config is too small, please investigate\n"
set mailfail "Netscreen config is too small, please investigate\n"
exec /bin/mail -s$mailsubject $mailto << "
$mailfail"
exit

}

#Remove config older than 2 weeks
exec find $basedir -name '*config.txt*' -mtime +14

About This Instructable

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Bio: I like to tinker with just about anything, sometimes it works out in the end. Have fun looking at the projects, try tearing something open ... More »
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