Step 1: What You Will Need
- Sewing needles
- Thread -something strong. Traditional bookbinding uses linen thread. I have found that quilting and upholstery thread, which is thicker than sewing thread, works well.
- X-acto knife or razor blade
- Thick paper (for the template)
- Decorative paper (for the end papers)
- Binders board (a compact sort of cardboard. In practice you can use plastic, mat-board, and even wood, with varying quality results.)
- Book-cloth (This is special cloth with a paper backing that prevents glue from coming up through the fibers. If you are doing a soft cover binding, any kind of cloth or leather will work).
- Glue (traditionally, bookbinders use wheat paste, a slow drying glue made from vegetable starch and water. PVA is often used - this is a white glue that is a lot like Elmers glue, but a little more flexible. It is un-reversible, meaning that once PVA is applied, it can never be undone. Still, I've used Elmers glue in a lot of projects, and it works just fine.)
- Cheese cloth (used to reinforce the spine)
Step 2: About This Method
Also, please note that this instructables is just about preparing the text block. There are some wonderful instructables on how to complete a book by adding end-papers and covers. I've listed a few below:
For a traditional cover attached by gluing boards to end-papers:
For a soft-cover addition (this method would require some modification with single sheet binding, but I have done something similar)
Step 3: Remove the Cover and Separate
You are going to be sewing the pages together in groups (or signatures). Instead of drilling through the text block all at once, which is both messy and imprecise, you are going to be poking holes through the pages with a needle. I do 10 pages in a group. Any more and it gets hard to poke the holes.
Step 4: Poke Poke Poke Poke
This is the most frustrating and painful step. Got a thimble? Get it out. It is best to do this one group of pages at a time as it helps the pages stay together when you sew them.
Step 5: Sewing
First, tie a knot in your thread and whip stitch the first signature together. At the last hole, add the second signature, and whip stitch both signatures at the same time. If you go left to right on the first signature, when you add the second signature you will be sewing right to left. This is what causes the pages to be offset from each other, as each stitch pulls the signatures right or left. Sew two signatures together each time through: for instance, signatures 1 and 2 will be sewn together, then 2 and 3, then 3 and 4, etc.
Edit: Sew them loose! After you sew 2 and 3 together, you will need enough room between 2 and 3 to sew 3 and 4 together. I sew everything very loose, then tighten everything after I am finished with those signatures (for instance, you can tighten the sewing between 1 and 2 once you have started sewing 3 and 4).
After you add the last signature, tie it off, and give your fingers a rest.
Step 6: Finishing the Text Block
For A Little Princess, I reinforced the spine like the Count of Monte Cristo, but added a strip of binders board to make a hard spine. I glued the original front and back covers onto the finished product. Note: the hard spine made this book harder to open. I don't recommend it.
For the notebook, I added a hinge to the text block as I sewed. This was as simple as adding a saddle stitch to attach the cloth after whip stitching the first and last signatures. I sewed additional material to this hinge and sewed the material to plastic covers scavenged from a different notebook. This is a non-adhesive binding, which I vastly prefer over using glue.
Done and done! Add a pretty cover and enjoy your shiny new hardback book.