Introduction: How to Build a Cabin Foundation in a Remote Location

Picture of How to Build a Cabin Foundation in a Remote Location

I'm not an expert construction worker, but I worked with my father and uncle (both of whom have built a few houses) and my mother, to construct a foundation for a cabin. This documents my learning experience for one way to build a foundation.

The main picture here shows us on the foundation of the cabin, with boards laid out where we planned to put the walls. My dad is standing in the future kitchen, my uncle is lying on the future bed (boots in the future mud room), and I am in the back warming my hands on the future fireplace.

My apologies in advance for the limited information in the descriptions – I neglected this instructable for several years in the Drafts folder, so my memory is not terribly specific! A good use for this instructable is as an overall guide for the pieces and order of the process. You will need to supplement with more specific information in order to do this yourself. But the benefit to my slow post is that I can verify the foundation is sound! We have now (over the course of a few years) built a very functional and rather beautiful house on top, just as imagined.

Step 1: Siting

Picture of Siting

When choosing a site for your house, there are a few things to be conscious of:

  • Is the land level? (It doesn't need to be perfect, but it's easier if it's close)
  • Does the house fit?
  • How much wind will the house receive? How much light?

Pick your dimensions, then measure out a rectangle on the ground. Place markers at the corners (ours were the pink buoys in the picture). Now, very carefully measure the diagonals. This requires some math: Obviously, the diagonals need to be equal (for a rectangular foundation); you need to use the Pythagorean Theorem to get the lengths for the diagonals.

Step 2: Corner Posts

Picture of Corner Posts

At each of the corners, you will need a very solid post. It should be broad, strong, flat on top, and highly rot-resistant. We used a tarred log that washed up on the beach. Cedar also has good properties for this purpose.

Dig a hole, deep enough to bury ~2/3 of your posts, at each corner.

When you get close to depth, lay boards across from post to post and use a level to ensure that the tops will all sit evenly.

Put a bit of sand/gravel in the bottom of the hole to make sure there is drainage (so water doesn't sit on the grain of the wood and cause rot), place the logs, re-check level, and pour concrete to fix the corner posts permanently in place.

Step 3: All of the Other Posts

Picture of All of the Other Posts

You'll need posts throughout your foundation. At a minimum, these need to be close enough that the ends (and ideally the centers) of your floor joists (two steps forward) always have a post to sit on. We used 4x4 posts of treated wood, and followed the same dig/measure/pour concrete process as in the previous step.

Step 4: Lay Bearers

Picture of Lay Bearers

Place bearers on top of the posts. These should be very solid lengths of treated wood (I think we used either 2x6 or 4x4s). Affix to posts.

Step 5: Floor Joists

Picture of Floor Joists

Line up floor joists on top of the bearers. There is a specific, standard spacing– you will need to cut lengths of wood to that standard spacing and use them to line up the joists appropriately. Toenail the joists onto the bearers.

Step 6: Decking

Picture of Decking

More treated wood, now 1x6 to line the top! Cut to length, lay it down, screw it down onto the joists.

Step 7: Check Your Screws

Picture of Check Your Screws

Since this is a foundation, make sure there are no screw-heads sticking up to be in the way when you build the rest of the house. Do a final pass to make sure everything is flush.

Step 8: Foundation!

Picture of Foundation!

Foundations are pretty cool by themselves (this one made a lovely deck). We built up from there.

Photos in order (reference the first photo for floorplan: laying down in the bedroom, boots by the front door, kitchen where my dad is standing):

1. Foundation, on the day it was finished

2. Raising the first wall

3. Walls up, looking inside

4. Just inside the front door, looking at the bedroom and admiring the new propane lighting system (roof is on!)

5. From the outside: we added a sleeping loft with a window! It's above the kitchen window.

6. The sleeping loft, finished

7. The side facing the water has three picture windows. Here is the interior wall going on.

8. Putting in the kitchen

9. Our house, and the bay

Comments

Mycoo (author)2017-07-08

Do you have any kind of insulation under the house? I mean outside or inside?

rdy4trvl (author)2017-06-20

Nice instructable. Just curious, what state are you in? Washington, Alaska?

SelkeyMoonbeam (author)rdy4trvl2017-06-26

This is in Southeast Alaska!

rdy4trvl (author)SelkeyMoonbeam2017-06-26

How far from your nearest Home Depot (or lumberyard)? ie How difficult was transporting building materials?

SelkeyMoonbeam (author)rdy4trvl2017-06-27

Very difficult! Forgot to mention the "remote" part in the body of the instructable. We shop for hardware at the Home Depot in Juneau, have to get some kind of truck or special shipping onto an 8-hour ferry that goes once a month to a nearby town, have to get it off the ferry, carry each piece of plywood/etc. down to the beach, load it onto a small aluminum skiff, take it across an ocean bay, tie up by our place, unload splashily in our rubber boots over the edge of the boat (we don't have a dock, and it's a very long beach– so ideally, we do it at high tide to shorten the distance, which also means checking that the boat's not grounded every 5 minutes).

We can also do some stuff locally. Our neighbor down the beach has a sawmill (lucky for us!), so a lot of the wood from this cabin is from downed large trees on our property. We log the wood, drag the tree trunks down to the beach with his borrowed machinery, wait for high tide, float it over behind his boat, he mills it for us, we carry it back down the beach by hand.

Some of the other stuff is from older settlements or driftwood– sometimes we can find grown-over tarred logs (used in the foundation), and I think the large yellow cedar posts you can see below the loft window were driftwood originally.

Sometimes we take the skiff out to the more exposed beaches to go "shopping" for whatever washes up– big flat rocks to use as paving stones, stumps, slabs of wood that we can use for furniture. Hike that to the boat, get the boat to the beach, carry it in...

deluges (author)SelkeyMoonbeam2017-07-05

Wow. Astounding willpower! I'm impressed by the outcome, it's a beautiful cabin. We are building one too in our "backyard" and I was thinking that carrying all the wood and drywall up the hill for 300 meters was a nightmare but this is next level dedication. Well done.

rdy4trvl (author)SelkeyMoonbeam2017-06-27

Wow, adds a whole new meaning to, "...dang, I bought the wrong size....".

Was a building permit required?

SelkeyMoonbeam (author)rdy4trvl2017-07-03

No, that's the easy part about building in Alaska!

3366carlos (author)2017-06-15

that is awesome. Why not make the bearers out of cement?

john043 (author)3366carlos2017-06-24

Hard to toe nail the floor joists into cement. They would be much heavier and harder to work with. The only place I'd consider cement is for the posts; so there would never be a termite problem. (of course you would need to embed in the curing cement steel fasteners so you could bolt the bearers to the posts so in high winds they won't move off the posts.) Awesome cabin & site though!!!

ElectroFrank (author)2017-06-20

A little something to consider in choosing a site beside a river or lake: could it flood in the Spring ?

I want to come visit!

jessyratfink (author)2017-06-16

Wow!! That is an adorable little cabin. You guys are awesome!

Andrews-Design (author)2017-06-15

I'd like an instructable on how one acquires such a prime spot to place said cabin on...

Fantastic work though! Treated properly, that thing should last quite a while.

About This Instructable

11,804views

197favorites

License:

Bio: An engineer, seamstress, cook, coder, and overall maker. Spent a summer at Instructables; got a degree in E: Neural Engineering at Olin College; made a ... More »
More by SelkeyMoonbeam:How to Build a Cabin Foundation in a Remote LocationOrienteering Using a Thumb CompassHow to Pack Hangers
Add instructable to: