Introduction: How to Build a Shed
A shed is great addition to any property. This small garden shed measures 3 x 6 feet (a little less than 1 x 2 meters) so it's great to build if you don't have a lot of space, plus with some smart organization it can fit a lot of things!
Step 1: The Foundation
Building a shed is easier than you might think, and it all starts with your foundation. Now many of the steps that I'm doing here can be modified to fit your needs.
First of all I'm marking out the site, and digging down to remove any roots and get the ground nice and processed.
The area where I'm building my shed sometimes get rather wet in the winter so I want to make sure the water will drain away properly, so I'm adding gravel which I tamp down until it's level.
- Level Ground
- Add Gravel for drainage
- Level pressure treated wood
- Add garden fabric to prevent weeds
Step 2: The Base
For the base of the shed, I'm using pressure treated wood and I'm simply building a frame that I'm laying down on the ground.
Now I want to make sure the shed is really stable, so I decided to drill some holes in the wood and add some rebar into the ground which I pound down. Also, adding a little filter fabric is a good idea to prevent weed growth.
Step 3: The Floor
On top of the base I'm just going to add a simple 2 x 4 floor with the wood 12 inches on center. On top of the wood, I'm adding cheap 7/16" osb plywood with 1 1/2" screws. I happened to have some left over yellow oil paint on hand so I added some for additional protection on both sides of the plywood.
Note: when adding nails or screws to pressure treated wood make sure they are rated for it.
Step 4: The Walls
Next up is the walls, and like any project, making sure you mark everything correctly is key, and it's also a good idea to mark all sides of the wood, to make life a little easier for yourself and avoid mistakes as you put everything together.
I use screws for attaching the studs to the plates at first, and then add nails for additional support.
Once the walls were put together, I attached them to the floor, one by one by screwing them through the plywood into the floor frame, as well as connecting the frames together in the corners.
When I had all the walls put up, I added plywood with screws.
For the stud spacing I just added a center 2 x 4 so it is slightly more than 16" on center because it is such a small shed.
Step 5: The Roof
Once the floor and the walls were done, I'm designing the roof. I'm going to match the pitch of my workshop, so I'm going with a 4 in 12 roof which basically means it's about 18 degrees. So I make make my marks, and cut out the birds mouth angles with a jig saw. Once I had all the pieces cut up, I screwed it all together and added plywood on top.
A roof this small is easy enough to build on the ground and just lift up. It's a lot more comfortable doing it this way, if you can.
Once the basic structure is connected, it's a good idea to do a test fit and make sure the roof fits the structure,
Step 6: Shingels
I'm using some home wrap instead of tar paper for the roof, since I'm not climbing on top of it to attach shingles, so it doesn't matter that this paper is a little slippery. Here I also add the drip edge so that the rain water flows away from the building. After that I nailed the shingles in place and connected the roof to the wall plates.
Step 7: Home Wrap, Trim
To protect the house from moisture, I'm stapling on home wrap on all the plywood. Once the wrap was covering the house, I added trim on the sides and on the roof line. You can simply staple this onto the walls, but it is an optional step since I will be applying siding.
Step 8: Shingles
I decided to go with nice siding for my shed because I want it to match my workshop, however any kind of siding would work. This is a fiber cement product that is in most home stores. I attached it with screws to the studs underneath the osb sheathing.
Once the shingles were up, I used my spray paint gun to paint the whole house white with exterior paint.
Step 9: Conclusion - Watch the Video
For a much better perspective, make sure to watch the video!
Also, don't miss the next part - building a barn style door.